European Ecodesign Directive
The European Union's Ecodesign Directive (Directive 2009/125/EC) establishes a framework to set mandatory ecological requirements for energy-using and energy-related products sold in all 28 Member States. Its scope currently covers more than 40 product groups (such as boilers, lightbulbs, TVs and fridges), which are responsible for around 40% of all EU greenhouse gas emissions (citation needed).
The ultimate aim of the Ecodesign Directive is that manufacturers of energy-using products will, at the design stage, be obliged to reduce the energy consumption and other negative environmental impacts of products. While the Directive's primary aim is to reduce energy use, it is also aimed at enforcing other environmental considerations including: materials use; water use; polluting emissions; waste issues and recyclability.
The Ecodesign Directive is a framework directive, meaning that it does not directly set minimum ecological requirements. These are adopted through specific implementing measures for each group of products in the scope of the Directive. The implementing measures are adopted through the so-called comitology procedure. Implementing measures are based on EU internal market rules governing which products may be placed on the market. Manufacturers who begin marketing an energy using product covered by an implementing measure in the EU area have to ensure that it conforms to the energy and environmental standards set out by the measure.
In practice, the introduction of a new minimum requirement results in effectively banning all non-compliant products from being sold in the 28 Member States. This was for example the case of incandescent lamps, for which a gradual phaseout started in the EU in 2009 under this Directive. This measure alone – which received some criticism in parts of the media but welcomed by environmentalists – is expected to reduce annual CO2 emissions by 16 million tons in 2020.
Scope of the Directive
The 2005 Ecodesign directive covered energy-using products, which use, generate, transfer or measure energy, including consumer goods such as boilers, water heaters, computers, televisions, and industrial products such as transformers. The implementing measures focus on those products which have a high potential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions at low cost, through reduced energy demand.
The first Working Plan of the Ecodesign Directive was adopted on 21 October 2008.
It establishes a list of 10 product groups to be considered in priority for implementing measures in 2009–2011:
- Air conditioning and ventilation systems, including air conditioning system pumps
- Electric and fossil-fuelled heating equipment
- Food-preparing equipment
- Industrial and laboratory furnaces and ovens
- Machine tools
- Network, data processing and data storing equipment
- Refrigerating and freezing equipment
- Sound and imaging equipment
- Water-using equipment
Nine implementing measures have already been adopted – for a total energy saving of 341 TWh, or 12% of the electricity consumption of the EU. Several preparatory studies by DG Energy are completed or ongoing.
The European Commission will be tabling a Circular Economy proposal towards the end of 2015. Eco-design is likely to be discussed within this framework.
- EU energy label and ecodesign website
- European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy pages on the Directive
- Coolproducts for a Cool Planet campaign
- "Directive's legal text". Eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- Jha, Alok. "Eco bulbs: How I found the light". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
- "EU Commission Enterprise and Industry pages on Products". Ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 15 June 2013.