European Environmental Bureau

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European Environmental Bureau
PurposeEnvironmental protection
HeadquartersRue des Deux Eglises, 14-16, 1000 Brussels[1]
Region served
170 organizations
Official language
Secretary General
Patrick ten Brink (since July 2022)
Main organ
Executive Committee

The European Environmental Bureau (EEB) is a network of around 170 environmental citizens' organisations based in more than 35 countries.[2] The EEB is a democratic federation, representing local, national, European and international groups in European Union Member States, plus some accession and neighbouring countries. It plays a prominent role in defending and promoting environmental interests and legislation at the different EU institutions.[3]


Before the first Environmental Action Plan was adopted by the European Community, environmental NGOs from Europe met in the United Kingdom, together with the European Commission, the UNECE, the UNEP and the IUCN. During the meeting, the creation of a federation of non-governmental organizations within the European Community was proposed,[4] which later become an information clearinghouse for the EC countries.[5]

The EEB office was set up in Brussels in 1974 to provide a focal point for its members to monitor and respond to the EU's emerging environmental policy.[6]

In 1998, the EEB led the issue group on public participation of the pan-European coalition on environmental citizens' organizations, later named as European ECO Forum, which was closely involved in the negotiating phase of the UNECE Aarhus Convention.[7]

By 2013, it was considered as one of the seven core environmental organizations in Europe, together with Friends of the Earth Europe (FFoE), Greenpeace International, the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), the Climate Network Europe (CAN-E), the European Federation for Transport and Environment (T&E), and BirdLife International.[8]

EU political institutions had a large role in the formation and maintenance of Brussel-based umbrella- and federation type groups representing EU civil society, through direct funding relationships (estimated around 80 per cent in 2005) from the Union budget, and by virtue of an early preference of the Commission for engaging only with EU level groups.[9]


The EEB's mission is to be "the largest and most inclusive European network of environmental citizens’ groups – and the only one that works on such a broad range of issues", while advocating "for progressive policies to create a better environment in the European Union and beyond."[10]


The EEB has an information service, runs working groups with its members,[11][12] produces position papers on topics that are, or EEB feels should be, on the EU agenda,[13] and represents its members in discussions with the European Commission, the European Parliament and the Council of the EU[citation needed]. It closely coordinates EU-oriented activities with members at national level, and also closely follows the EU enlargement process and some pan-European issues such as follow-up to the Aarhus Convention (the UNECE 'Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters').

The organisation has consultative status at, and relations with: the Council of Europe, the European Commission, the European Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee of the European Union, the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development), and the United Nation Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD).

Membership network[edit]

Environmental organisations in candidate countries (those applying to join the EU) and, increasingly, in the Western Balkans, regard the EEB as their main partner with a European focus.[citation needed] The EEB's experience, relationships and position are of great value to these states in determining their own role in processes related to EU enlargement and the environment. Owing to the EEB's proactive involvement, its members from New Member States and those aspiring to join the EU are already numerous and are increasing.[citation needed]

Member organisations[edit]


In November 2004, working with the Ban Mercury Working Group,[14] EEB launched the Zero Mercury campaign,[15] whose ultimate goal is to achieve zero emissions, demand and supply of mercury, from all sources we can control, to reduce global environmental mercury levels to a minimum. An international Zero Mercury Working Group was created to follow up developments at European and global level.

Since the beginning of 2011, EEB has been coordinating the Coolproducts[16] campaign aiming at unleashing the energy savings potential of energy-related products.


  1. ^ "European Environmental Bureau - EU Transparency Register". European Commission. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  2. ^ Van der Heijden, Hein-Anton (2002). "Political Parties and NGOs in Global Environmental Politics". International Political Science Review. 2. 23 (2): 187–521. doi:10.1177/0192512102023002005. JSTOR 1601256. S2CID 220874620 – via JSTOR.
  3. ^ Wijen, Frank; B. C. J. Zoeteman; Pieters, Jan (1 January 2005). A Handbook of Globalisation and Environmental Policy: National Government Interventions in a Global Arena. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 395. ISBN 9781781954355. OCLC 371031436. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  4. ^ Kiss, Alexandre; Shelton, Dinah (2 October 1997). Manual of European Environmental Law. New york: Cambridge University Press. p. 90. ISBN 9780521598880. OCLC 35808407. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  5. ^ Trzyna, Thaddeus C.; Didion, Julie (18 October 2013). World Directory of Environmental Organizations (6th ed.). Routledge. p. 30. ISBN 9781134204144. OCLC 868970932. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  6. ^ On its history see: Meyer, Jan-Henrik. 2013. Challenging the Atomic Community. The European Environmental Bureau and the Europeanization of Anti-Nuclear Protest. In Societal Actors in European Integration. Polity-Building and Policy-Making 1958–1992, edited by W. Kaiser and J.-H. Meyer. Basingstoke: Palgrave. 197–220.
  7. ^ Treves, Tullio; Fodella, Alessandro (2005). Civil Society, International Courts and Compliance Bodies. Cambridge University Press. p. 177. ISBN 9789067041867. OCLC 57223380. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  8. ^ Aspinwall, Mark; Greenwood, Justin (13 September 2013). Collective Action in the European Union: Interests and the New Politics of Associability. Routledge. p. 176. ISBN 9781136214028. OCLC 901761459. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  9. ^ Jack Hayward; Rüdiger Wurzel (28 September 2012). European Disunion: Between Sovereignty and Solidarity. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 38–39. ISBN 9781137271358. OCLC 1058809071. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  10. ^ "About EEB". Retrieved 1 February 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. ^ "How we work with our members". EEB - The European Environmental Bureau. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  12. ^ "Our Working Groups". EEB - The European Environmental Bureau. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  13. ^ "Work Areas". EEB - The European Environmental Bureau. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  14. ^ "BAN". Archived from the original on 5 September 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2011.
  15. ^ "Zero Mercury Working Group". Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  16. ^ "Coolproducts EU". Retrieved 11 March 2019.

External links[edit]