European Football League
|No. of teams||6|
|Most titles||Vienna Vikings (5)|
|Promotion to||BIG6 European Football League|
The European Football League (EFL) is a tournament for European American football teams affiliated to EFAF (European Federation of American Football). Until 2013, the final game of the EFL was the Eurobowl, which has been held annually since 1986. In 2014, the EFL was replaced as Europe's top-tier club competition by the new BIG6 European Football League and the EFL Bowl was introduced as the new final game of the EFL.
Under the governance of EFAF, the best American Football teams in Europe participate in annual competitions. Until 2013, the EFL was the first-tier competition for American football clubs in Europe. EFAF determined the relative strength of each of its 17 affiliate leagues and allocated teams to the 4 divisions accordingly, thus not all nations took part. National league champions, runners-up or teams with international success were eligible for the EFL. Teams from 'weaker' leagues could take part in the EFAF Cup. The final game of the EFL was the Eurobowl, which has been held annually since 1986.
In 2014, the BIG6 European Football League was introduced as the new top-tier competition of American football in Europe. The EFL continued to be played as a second-tier competition, with its teams playing for the newly created EFL Bowl trophy. The inaugural EFL Bowl was won by the Kiel Baltic Hurricanes of Germany against Spain's Badalona Dracs on 20 July 2014.
Until 2013, Teams were split into 4 divisions of 3 or 2 teams. In a division of 3, teams played 2 matches; once at home to one opponent and the other away to the other opponent. In a division of 2 teams, each team played each other home and away. The division winners then advanced to the play-offs.
The play-off format was changed for the 2008 season. The tournament was expanded to an eight-team competition. The two finalists from the 2007 season, Vienna Vikings and Marburg Mercenaries, earned automatic berths for the next season and the two semi-finalists, Eidsvoll 1814's from Norway and Tirol Raiders from Austria, earned a spot for the national champions of their respective countries. In quarterfinals these teams faced the four winners of the divisional round. In semi-finals teams were paired by the Eurobowl seeding system, with the best-seeded team facing the worst and the second-best facing the second-worst. Winners then advanced to the Eurobowl.
With the start of the Big6 in 2014, the format of the EFL changed again. Six teams played in two divisions of three teams. The winners of the groups advanced to the EFL Bowl.
For a list of champions by year before 2014, see Eurobowl.
|I||2014||July 19, 2014||Kiel, Germany||Kiel Baltic Hurricanes||40-0||Badalona Dracs||2,104||Garrett Andrews (KBH)|
|II||2015||June 27, 2015||Kiel, Germany||Kiel Baltic Hurricanes||49-28||Allgäu Comets||1,752|
|III||2016||June 11, 2016||Frankfurt, Germany||Frankfurt Universe||35-21||Amsterdam Crusaders||6,056||Jesse Lewis (FU)|
Records and statistics
|Club||Won||Runner-up||Years won†||Years runner-up†|
|Vikings Vienna||5||5||2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2013||2001, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2012|
|Swarco Raiders Tirol||3||1||2008, 2009, 2011||2013|
|Bergamo Lions||3||3||2000, 2001, 2002||1994, 2004, 2005|
|Hamburg Blue Devils||3||2||1996, 1997, 1998||1999, 2000|
|Amsterdam Crusaders||2||4||1991, 1992||1988, 1989, 1993, 2016|
|Braunschweig Lions||2||1||1999, 2003||2002|
|London Olympians||2||1||1993, 1994||1995|
|Kiel Baltic Hurricanes||2||0||2014, 2015|
|Berlin Adler||1||2||2010||1991, 2011|
|La Courneuve Flash||0||3||1998, 2006, 2009|
- † Listed are Eurobowls from 1986 to 2013 and EFL Bowls from 2014 on.
|10||Germany||1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2003, 2010, 2014, 2015, 2016|
|8||Austria||2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013|
|4||Italy||1989, 2000, 2001, 2002|
|3||United Kingdom||1990, 1993, 1994|
- BIG6 European Football League starts 2014 www.eurobowl.com, published: 20 November 2013, accessed: 5 December 2013
- EFL 2014 teams announced www.efaf.info, published: 11 February 2014, accessed: 8 July 2014
- Kiel Baltic Hurricanes win EFL Bowl I! www.efaf.info, published: 20 July 2014, accessed: 14 October 2014
- Regulations for Club-Team Competitions eurobowl.efaf.info, published: 15 October 2016, accessed: 2 November 2016
- EFL Bowl I am 19.07.2014 in Kiel (German) www.efaf.info, published: 6 July 2014, accessed: 8 July 2014
- EFL Bowl II on June 27, 2015 at Kiel www.efaf.info, published: 3 June 2015, accessed: 21 June 2015
- Frankfurt zieht ins Finale ein und richtet EFL-Bowl aus (German) www.eurobowl.info, published: 29 May 2016, accessed: 30 May 2016
- Samsung Frankfurt Universe ist EFL-Champion (German) www.frankfurt-universe.de, published: 11 June 2016, accessed: 23 November 2016
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