European Geosciences Union
|Formation||September 7, 2002|
|Purpose||Dedicated to the pursuit of excellence in the geosciences and the planetary and space sciences for the benefit of humanity|
|Over 11,000 members|
The European Geosciences Union (EGU) is a non-profit international union in the fields of Earth, planetary, and space sciences. The organization has headquarters in Munich (Germany). Membership is open to individuals who are professionally engaged in or associated with these fields and related studies, including students and retired seniors.
The EGU publishes 16 open-access scientific journals and organises a number of topical meetings, as well as education and outreach activities. Its most prominent event is the EGU General Assembly, an annual conference that brings together over 14,000 scientists from all over the world. The meeting’s sessions cover a wide range of topics, including volcanology, planetary exploration, the Earth’s internal structure and atmosphere, climate change, and renewable energies.
The EGU has 22 scientific divisions that reflect the interdisciplinary nature of the organization.
The EGU was established by the merger of the European Geophysical Society (EGS) and the European Union of Geosciences (EUG) on 7 September 2002. Council members of the two organisations came together at Hotel Platzl in Munich, Germany, to sign the Union into existence. The final stages of the merger were completed on 31 December 2003.
The EGU founding members were: Jan Backman, Jonathan Bamber, Ray Bates, Günter Blöschl, Lars Clemmensen, Max Coleman, Peter Fabian, Gerald Ganssen, Jean-Pierre Gattuso, David Gee, Fausto Guzzetti, Albrecht Hofmann, Jürgen Kurths, Yves Langevin, John Ludden, Arne Richter, Michael Rycroft, W. Schlager, Roland Schlich, Isabella Premovi Silva, Christopher Spotl, Håkan Svedhem, Hans Thybo, Bert Vermeersen, David Webb, Jerzy Weber, Richard Worden.
In October 2002 the first EGU journals were published by transferring the property of the EGS publications (Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO), Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO), Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP), Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (HESS), Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) and Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics (NPG)) to the EGU.
The first EGU newsletter came out in November 2002. The Eggs magazine became the EGU newsletter after the completing of the merging between EGS and EUG in 2003. The three-monthly newsletter was modernised in late 2012 and both its format and its name were changed in GeoQ. The necessity to gave reports of its activities on a more regular basis, led the EGU to further change its newsletter name (now EGU newsletter) in January 2015. The actual newsletter is an e-mail version, having a monthly frequency.
On February 12th, 2004 the EGU signed the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities.
From April 25th to April 30th 2004, in Nice, the first EGU General Assembly had taken place with the aim to gather together EGU members and other planetary, space and Earth scientists from all around the world. In this occasion, the EGU had also celebrated researchers for their contribution, with 21 Union and division prizes and medals.
In 2005, EGU launched the open access journals Climate of the Past (CP) and eEarth in July and October, respectively through the Copernicus Publications. The latter was then replaced by Solid Earth journal in 2009.
The first EGU co-sponsored geoscience meeting (the first Alexander van Humbolt conference) was held in Guayaquil. Afterwards, the co-sponsored programme had grown including conference series, meetings, workshops and training schools.
The open access journals The Cryosphere (TC) and Geoscientific Model Development (GMD) were released in 2007 via Copernicus Publications. In June 2007, the EGU lauched Imaggeo an open access database featuring photos and videos relating geosciences.
In August 2008, the Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (AMT) journal was firstly published.
In 2010 the EGU released its official blog which soon became a quick-to-read source of information about the EGU activities and on the researches in the Earth, planetary and space sciences fields. The blog has now grown to include division blogs and network blogs.
The EGU Executive office moved to Munich on August, 1st 2010, and expanded by hiring six more staff members in addition to the EGU Executive Secretary, Philippe Courtial.
In August 2011, the EGU signed an agreement with the American Geophysical Union (AGU) and with the Aisa Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS) with the aim to promote the cooperation between the institutions. In the same year, the journal Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems (GI) had been firstly published.
EGU publishes books and other materials available in paper and online. Since 2001, the EGU and Copernicus Publications have published a growing number of peer-reviewed open-access scientific journals:
- Annales Geophysicae: covers the sciences of the Sun-Earth system, including space weather, solar-terrestrial plasma physics, and the Earth's atmosphere.
- Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: covers the Earth's atmosphere and the underlying chemical and physical processes. It covers the altitude range from the land and ocean surface up to the turbopause, including the troposphere, stratosphere, and mesosphere.
- Atmospheric Measurement Techniques: covers remote sensing, in-situ and laboratory measurement techniques for the constituents and properties of the Earth's atmosphere.
- Biogeosciences: covers all aspects of the interactions between the biological, chemical, and physical processes in terrestrial or extraterrestrial life with the geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere.
- Climate of the Past: covers the climate history of the Earth, including all temporal scales of climate change and variability, from geological time through to multidecadal studies of the last century.
- Earth Surface Dynamics: covers the physical, chemical and biological processes shaping the Earth's surface and their interactions on all scales.
- Earth System Dynamics: covers the functioning of the whole Earth system and global change.
- Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems: covers the area of geoscientific instruments.
- Geoscientific Model Development: covers numerical models of the Earth system and its components.
- Hydrology and Earth System Sciences: covers research in hydrology, placed within a holistic Earth system science context.
- Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences: covers research on natural hazards.
- Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics: covers nonlinear processes in all branches of Earth, planetary, and solar system sciences.
- Ocean Science: covers all aspects of ocean science.
- SOIL: covers soil system sciences at the interface between the atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere.
- Solid Earth: covers the composition, structure and dynamics of the Earth from the surface to the deep interior at all spatial and temporal scales.
- The Cryosphere: covers all aspects of frozen water and ground on Earth and on other planetary bodies.
The European Geosciences Union convenes a yearly General Assembly. At the 2017 meeting in Vienna, there were 4,849 oral, 11,312 poster presentations and 1,238 interactive content (PICO) presentations. Over 14,000 scientists from 107 countries participated in the conference Abstracts of presentations are published in the Geophysical Research Abstracts (print: ISSN 1029-7006, online: ISSN 1607-7962).
The EGU awards a number of annual medals to recognize scientific achievements.
Four of these medals are at union level:
- the Arthur Holmes Medal for Solid Earth Geosciences,
- the Alfred Wegener Medal for atmospheric, hydrological, or ocean sciences,
- the Jean Dominique Cassini Medal for planetary and space sciences, and
- the Alexander von Humboldt Medal for scientists from developing countries (with emphasis on Latin America and Africa), who have achieved exceptional international standing in geosciences and planetary and space sciences, defined in their widest senses.
In addition there are four Arne Richter Awards for Outstanding Young Scientists (formerly Outstanding Young Scientist Award), selected from the Division level Outstanding Young Scientists Award Winners.
At division level there are 29 medals for outstanding scientists. Each year Outstanding Student Poster Awards are selected for participating divisions.
- "EGU Executive Board". Homepage. European Geosciences Union. Retrieved 2015-06-12.
- "EGU Open Access Peer-Reviewed Journals". Homepage. European Geosciences Union. Retrieved 2015-06-12.
- "EGU Scientific Divisions and Division Presidents". Homepage. European Geosciences Union. Retrieved 2013-08-26.
- "GeoQ, issue 4: Articles" (PDF). EGU Newsletter. European Geosciences Union.
- "EGU Historical Highlights". Homepage. European Geosciences Union. Retrieved 2013-08-28.
- "Imaggeo". imaggeo.egu.eu. Retrieved 2018-07-03.
- "EGU Blogs". EGU Blogs. Retrieved 2018-07-03.
- "Other EGU publications". Homepage. European Geosciences Union. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- "10 Years of Interactive Open Access Publishing - A short History of Interactive Open Access Publishing" (PDF). Homepage. European Geosciences Union. Retrieved 2015-01-09.
- "Open Access Peer-Reviewed Journals". Homepage. European Geosciences Union. Retrieved 2013-08-13.
- "EGU 2017 General Assembly website". Homepage. Copernicus. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
- "EGU Awards and Medals". Homepage. European Geosciences Union. Retrieved 2013-08-26.
- "List of EGU Awards and Medals". Homepage. European Geosciences Union. Retrieved 2013-08-26.