European Golden Shoe

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The European Golden Shoe, formerly known as the European Golden Boot, is an association football award presented each season to the leading goalscorer in league matches from the top division of every European national league. From its inception in the 1967–68 season, the award, originally called Soulier d'Or, which translates from French as Golden Shoe or Boot, has been given to the top goalscorer in all European leagues that season. Originally presented by L'Équipe magazine, it has been awarded by the European Sports Media since the 1996–97 season.

History[edit]

Between 1968 and 1991, the award was given to the highest goalscorer in any European league. This was regardless of the toughness of the league in which the top scorer played and the number of games in which the player had taken part. During this period Eusébio, Gerd Müller, Dudu Georgescu and Fernando Gomes each won the Golden Boot twice.[1]

Following a protest from the Cyprus FA, which claimed that a Cypriot player with 40 goals should have received the award (though the official top scorers for the season are both listed with 19 goals), L'Équipe issued no awards between 1991 and 1996.

Since the 1996–97 season, European Sports Media have awarded the Golden Shoe based on a points system that allows players in tougher leagues to win even if they score fewer goals than a player in a weaker league. The weightings are determined by the league's ranking on the UEFA coefficients, which in turn depend on the results of each league's clubs in European competition over the previous five seasons. Goals scored in the top five leagues according to the UEFA coefficients list are multiplied by a factor of two, goals scored in the leagues ranked six to 21 are multiplied by a factor of 1.5, and goals scored in leagues ranked 22 and below are multiplied by a factor of 1.[2] Thus, goals scored in higher ranked leagues will count for more than those scored in weaker leagues.[3]

Winners[edit]

Cristiano Ronaldo is the only player to have won the European Golden Shoe four times.
Gerd Müller was the first player to win the award twice, in 1970 and 1972.
Lionel Messi is the highest scorer ever, with 50 goals in 2011–12.
European Golden Shoe winners
Season Nationality Player Club League Goals Points
Winners were awarded by L'Équipe
1967–68  Portugal Eusébio Benfica Portugal Primeira Liga 43 &
1968–69  Bulgaria Zhekov, PetarPetar Zhekov CSKA Sofia Bulgaria Parva Liga 36 &
1969–70  Germany Müller, GerdGerd Müller Bayern Munich Germany Bundesliga 38 &
1970–71  Yugoslavia Skoblar, JosipJosip Skoblar Marseille France Ligue 1 44 &
1971–72  Germany Müller, GerdGerd Müller Bayern Munich Germany Bundesliga 40 &
1972–73  Portugal Eusébio Benfica Portugal Primeira Liga 40 &
1973–74  Argentina Yazalde, HéctorHéctor Yazalde Sporting CP Portugal Primeira Liga 46 &
1974–75  Romania Georgescu, DuduDudu Georgescu Dinamo Bucharest Romania Liga I 33 &
1975–76  Cyprus Kaiafas, SotirisSotiris Kaiafas Omonia Nicosia Cyprus First Division 39 &
1976–77  Romania Georgescu, DuduDudu Georgescu Dinamo Bucharest Romania Liga I 47 &
1977–78  Austria Krankl, HansHans Krankl Rapid Vienna Austria Bundesliga 41 &
1978–79  Netherlands Kist, KeesKees Kist AZ Alkmaar Netherlands Eredivisie 34 &
1979–80  Belgium Vandenbergh, ErwinErwin Vandenbergh Lierse Belgium First Division 39 &
1980–81  Bulgaria Slavkov, GeorgiGeorgi Slavkov Botev Plovdiv Bulgaria Parva Liga 31 &
1981–82  Netherlands Kieft, WimWim Kieft Ajax Netherlands Eredivisie 32 &
1982–83  Portugal Gomes, FernandoFernando Gomes Porto Portugal Primeira Liga 36 &
1983–84  Wales Rush, IanIan Rush Liverpool England First Division 32 &
1984–85  Portugal Gomes, FernandoFernando Gomes Porto Portugal Primeira Liga 39 &
1985–86  Netherlands van Basten, MarcoMarco van Basten Ajax Netherlands Eredivisie 37 &
1986–87*  Austria Toni Polster FK Austria Wien Austria Bundesliga 39 &
1987–88  Turkey Çolak, TanjuTanju Çolak Galatasaray Turkey Süper Lig 39 &
1988–89  Romania Mateuţ, DorinDorin Mateuţ Dinamo Bucharest Romania Liga I 43 &
1989–90  Mexico Sánchez, HugoHugo Sánchez Real Madrid Spain La Liga 38 &
 Bulgaria Stoichkov, HristoHristo Stoichkov CSKA Sofia Bulgaria A PFG
1990–91*  Yugoslavia Pančev, DarkoDarko Pančev Red Star Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia First League 34 &
Winners were not awarded
1991–92  Scotland McCoist, AllyAlly McCoist Rangers Scotland Premier Division 34 &
1992–93  Scotland McCoist, AllyAlly McCoist Rangers Scotland Premier Division 34 &
1993–94  Wales Taylor, DavidDavid Taylor Porthmadog Wales League of Wales 43 &
1994–95  Armenia Avetisyan, ArsenArsen Avetisyan Homenetmen Armenia Premier League 39 &
1995–96  Georgia Endeladze, ZviadZviad Endeladze Margveti Georgia (country) Umaglesi Liga 40 &
Winners were awarded by European Sports Media
1996–97  Brazil Ronaldo Barcelona Spain La Liga 34 68
1997–98  Greece Machlas, NikosNikos Machlas Vitesse Netherlands Eredivisie 34 68
1998–99  Brazil Jardel, MárioMário Jardel Porto Portugal Primeira Liga 36 72
1999–2000  England Phillips, KevinKevin Phillips Sunderland England Premier League 30 60
2000–01  Sweden Larsson, HenrikHenrik Larsson Celtic Scotland Premier League 35 52.5
2001–02  Brazil Jardel, MárioMário Jardel Sporting CP Portugal Primeira Liga 42 84
2002–03  Netherlands Makaay, RoyRoy Makaay Deportivo La Coruña Spain La Liga 29 58
2003–04  France Henry, ThierryThierry Henry Arsenal England Premier League 30 60
2004–05  France Henry, ThierryThierry Henry Arsenal England Premier League 25 50
 Uruguay Forlán, DiegoDiego Forlán Villarreal Spain La Liga
2005–06  Italy Toni, LucaLuca Toni Fiorentina Italy Serie A 31 62
2006–07  Italy Totti, FrancescoFrancesco Totti Roma Italy Serie A 26 52
2007–08  Portugal Ronaldo, CristianoCristiano Ronaldo Manchester United England Premier League 31 62
2008–09  Uruguay Forlán, DiegoDiego Forlán Atlético Madrid Spain La Liga 32 64
2009–10  Argentina Messi, LionelLionel Messi Barcelona Spain La Liga 34 68
2010–11  Portugal Ronaldo, CristianoCristiano Ronaldo Real Madrid Spain La Liga 40 80
2011–12  Argentina Messi, LionelLionel Messi Barcelona Spain La Liga 50 100
2012–13  Argentina Messi, LionelLionel Messi Barcelona Spain La Liga 46 92
2013–14  Uruguay Suárez, LuisLuis Suárez Liverpool England Premier League 31 62
 Portugal Ronaldo, CristianoCristiano Ronaldo Real Madrid Spain La Liga
2014–15  Portugal Ronaldo, CristianoCristiano Ronaldo Real Madrid Spain La Liga 48 96
2015–16  Uruguay Suárez, LuisLuis Suárez Barcelona Spain La Liga 40 80
Notes
  • Original 1986–87 season winner Rodion Cămătaru (with 44 goals) was disqualified later and the trophy was awarded to Polster in 1990. However, Camataru was allowed to keep his copy of the trophy.[4]
  • Darko Pančev got his prize for 1990–91 season later, only in 2006, following a protest from Cyprus where a player supposedly scored 40 goals (though the official topscorers for the season, Besirevic and Xiourouppas, are both listed with 19 goals). Due to this affair, France Football decided to make the competition unofficial.[4]

Statistics[edit]

Multiple winners[edit]

Cristiano Ronaldo is the only player to have won the European Golden Shoe four times, between 2008 and 2015, winning once with Manchester United and three times with Real Madrid. Barcelona's Lionel Messi was the first player to win three Golden Shoes, between 2010 and 2013, and holds the all-time record with 50 goals scored in 2011–12. Bayern Munich's Gerd Müller was the first player to win the award twice, in 1969–70 and 1971–72, among nine two-time winners. Only Ally McCoist (1991–92, 1992–93), Thierry Henry (2003–04, 2004–05), Lionel Messi (2011–12, 2012–13), and Cristiano Ronaldo (2013–14, 2014–15) won the award in consecutive years. Diego Forlán (Villarreal, Atlético Madrid), Luis Suárez (Liverpool F.C., FC Barcelona), Mário Jardel (Porto, Sporting CP) and Cristiano Ronaldo are the only players to win the award with two different clubs. Cristiano Ronaldo and Luis Suárez are the only players to win the Golden Shoe in two different leagues.

Multiple European Golden Shoe winners
Player No. Seasons
Portugal Ronaldo, CristianoCristiano Ronaldo 4 2007–08, 2010–11, 2013–14, 2014–15
Argentina Messi, LionelLionel Messi 3 2009–10, 2011–12, 2012–13
Portugal Eusébio 2 1967–68, 1972–73
Germany Müller, GerdGerd Müller 2 1969–70, 1971–72
Romania Georgescu, DuduDudu Georgescu 2 1974–75, 1976–77
Portugal Gomes, FernandoFernando Gomes 2 1982–83, 1984–85
Scotland McCoist, AllyAlly McCoist 2 1991–92, 1992–93
Brazil Jardel, MárioMário Jardel 2 1998–99, 2001–02
France Henry, ThierryThierry Henry 2 2003–04, 2004–05
Uruguay Forlán, DiegoDiego Forlán 2 2004–05, 2008–09
Uruguay Suárez, LuisLuis Suárez 2 2013–14, 2015–16

Winners by team[edit]

European Golden Shoe winners by club
Team Total Players
Spain Barcelona 5 3
Spain Real Madrid 4 2
Romania Dinamo București 3 2
Portugal Porto 3 2
Bulgaria CSKA Sofia 2 2
England Liverpool 2 2
Netherlands Ajax 2 2
Portugal Sporting CP 2 2
England Arsenal 2 1
Germany Bayern Munich 2 1
Portugal Benfica 2 1
Scotland Rangers 2 1
Armenia Homenetmen 1 1
Austria Austria Wien 1 1
Austria Rapid Wien 1 1
Belgium Lierse 1 1
Bulgaria Botev Plovdiv 1 1
Cyprus Omonia Nicosia 1 1
England Manchester United 1 1
England Sunderland 1 1
France Marseille 1 1
Georgia (country) Zestafoni 1 1
Italy Fiorentina 1 1
Italy Roma 1 1
Netherlands AZ 1 1
Netherlands Vitesse 1 1
Scotland Celtic 1 1
Spain Atlético Madrid 1 1
Spain Deportivo La Coruña 1 1
Spain Villarreal 1 1
Turkey Galatasaray 1 1
Wales Porthmadog 1 1
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Crvena Zvezda 1 1

Winners by nationality[edit]

European Golden Shoe winners by nationality
Nationality Total Player(s)
 Portugal 8 3
 Netherlands 4 4
 Argentina 4 2
 Uruguay 4 2
 Bulgaria 3 3
 Romania 3 2
 Brazil 3 2
 Austria 2 2
 Italy 2 2
 Wales 2 2
 Yugoslavia 2 2
 France 2 1
 Germany 2 1
 Scotland 2 1
 Armenia 1 1
 Belgium 1 1
 Cyprus 1 1
 England 1 1
 Georgia 1 1
 Greece 1 1
 Mexico 1 1
 Sweden 1 1
 Turkey 1 1

Winners by league[edit]

European Golden Shoe winners by league
league Total Player(s)
Spain La Liga 12 7
Portugal Primeira Liga 7 4
England Premier League 5 4
Netherlands Eredivisie 4 4
Bulgaria Parva Liga 3 3
Romania Liga I 3 2
Italy Serie A 2 2
Austria Bundesliga 2 2
Scotland Premier Division 2 1
Germany Bundesliga 2 1
France Ligue 1 1 1
England First Division 1 1
Belgium Division A 1 1
Turkey Süper Lig 1 1
Scotland Premier League 1 1
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia First League 1 1
Wales Premier League 1 1
Armenia Premier League 1 1
Georgia (country) Umaglesi Liga 1 1
Cyprus First Division 1 1

References[edit]

General
  • Arotaritei, Sorin; Di Maggio, Roberto; Stokkermans, Karel (29 February 2012). "Golden Boot ("Soulier d'Or") Awards". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 23 February 2008. 
Specific
  1. ^ "Golden Boot: The Quotients Decide It All". soccerphile.com. Retrieved 20 February 2008. 
  2. ^ "European Golden Shoe". European Sports Magazine. Retrieved 19 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "Who will win the European Golden Shoe". FIFA. 13 March 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Golden Boot ("Soulier d'Or") Awards

External links[edit]