European Golden Shoe

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European Goleoden Shoe
Golden Shoe, Lionel Messi 2012-2013.jpg
Lionel Messi's 2012–13 Golden Shoe
Awarded forLeading goalscorer from the top division of every European national league
Presented byL'Équipe (1968–1991) European Sports Media (1997–Present)
First awarded1968 (awarded for most goals scored in the 1967–68 season)
Currently held byItaly Ciro Immobile (1st award)
Most awardsArgentina Lionel Messi (6 awards)
Websiteeusm.eu

The European Golden Shoe, also known as European Golden Boot, is an award that is presented each season to the leading goalscorer in league matches from the top division of every European national league. The trophy is a sculpture of a football boot. From its inception in the 1967–68 season, the award, originally called Soulier d'Or, which translates from French as Golden Shoe or Boot, has been given to the top goalscorer in all European leagues during a season, with a weighting in favour of the highest ranked leagues. Originally presented by L'Équipe magazine, it has been awarded by the European Sports Media since the 1996–97 season.

History[edit]

Between 1968 and 1991, the award was given to the highest goalscorer in any European league. This was regardless of the strength of the league in which the top scorer played and the number of games in which the player had taken part. During this period Eusébio, Gerd Müller, Dudu Georgescu and Fernando Gomes each won the Golden Shoe twice.[1]

Following a protest from the Cyprus FA, which claimed that a Cypriot player with 40 goals should have received the award (though the official top scorers for the season are both listed with 19 goals), L'Équipe issued no awards between 1991 and 1996.

Since the 1996–97 season, European Sports Media have awarded the Golden Shoe based on a points system that allows players in tougher leagues to win even if they score fewer goals than a player in a weaker league. The weightings are determined by the league's ranking on the UEFA coefficients, which in turn depend on the results of each league's clubs in European competition over the previous five seasons. Goals scored in the top five leagues according to the UEFA coefficients list are multiplied by a factor of two, goals scored in the leagues ranked six to 21 are multiplied by a factor of 1.5, and goals scored in leagues ranked 22 and below are multiplied by a factor of 1.[2] Thus, goals scored in higher ranked leagues will count for more than those scored in weaker leagues.[3] Since this change, there have only been two winners who were not playing in one of the top five leagues (Henrik Larsson, 2000–01 Scottish Premier League and Mario Jardel, 1998–99 Primeira Divisão and 2001–02 Primeira Liga).

Although the Golden Shoe could be shared among multiple players in the past, in the 2019–20 season this rule was changed to give the award to the player with the least minutes played, should there be a tie on points.[4]

Winners[edit]

Lionel Messi is the all time record winner of the award, having won it six times overall. He also holds the record for most goals and most points in a single season (50 and 100 respectively, in 2011–12).
Eusébio was the first winner of the prize in 1968.
Gerd Müller was the first player to win the award twice, in 1970 and 1972.
Player (X)
Denotes the number of times the player had won the award at that time
^
Denotes player's team won league that season
European Golden Shoe winners
Season Player Club League Goals Points
Winners were awarded by L'Équipe
1967–68 Portugal Eusébio Benfica ^ Portugal Primeira Liga 42
1968–69 Bulgaria Petar Zhekov CSKA Sofia ^ Bulgaria Parva Liga 36
1969–70 West Germany Gerd Müller Bayern Munich Germany Bundesliga 38
1970–71 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Josip Skoblar Marseille ^ France Ligue 1 44
1971–72 West Germany Gerd Müller (2) Bayern Munich ^ Germany Bundesliga 40
1972–73 Portugal Eusébio (2) Benfica ^ Portugal Primeira Liga 40
1973–74 Argentina Héctor Yazalde Sporting CP ^ Portugal Primeira Liga 46
1974–75 Romania Dudu Georgescu Dinamo București ^ Romania Liga I 33
1975–76 Cyprus Sotiris Kaiafas Omonia Nicosia ^ Cyprus First Division 39
1976–77 Romania Dudu Georgescu (2) Dinamo București ^ Romania Liga I 47
1977–78 Austria Hans Krankl Rapid Wien Austria Bundesliga 41
1978–79 Netherlands Kees Kist AZ Netherlands Eredivisie 34
1979–80 Belgium Erwin Vandenbergh Lierse Belgium First Division 39
1980–81 Bulgaria Georgi Slavkov Botev Plovdiv Bulgaria Parva Liga 31
1981–82 Netherlands Wim Kieft Ajax ^ Netherlands Eredivisie 32
1982–83 Portugal Fernando Gomes Porto Portugal Primeira Liga 36
1983–84 Wales Ian Rush Liverpool ^ England First Division 32
1984–85 Portugal Fernando Gomes (2) Porto ^ Portugal Primeira Liga 39
1985–86 Netherlands Marco van Basten Ajax Netherlands Eredivisie 37
1986–87 Austria Toni Polster[a] Austria Wien Austria Bundesliga 39
1987–88 Turkey Tanju Çolak Galatasaray ^ Turkey Süper Lig 39
1988–89 Romania Dorin Mateuț Dinamo București Romania Liga I 43
1989–90 Mexico Hugo Sánchez Real Madrid ^ Spain La Liga 38
Bulgaria Hristo Stoichkov CSKA Sofia ^ Bulgaria A PFG
1990–91[b] Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Darko Pančev Red Star Belgrade ^ Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia First League 34
Winners were initially not awarded
1991–92 Scotland Ally McCoist Rangers ^ Scotland Premier Division 34
1992–93 Scotland Ally McCoist (2) Rangers ^ Scotland Premier Division 34
1993–94 Wales David Taylor Porthmadog Wales League of Wales 43
1994–95 Armenia Arsen Avetisyan Homenetmen Armenia Premier League 39
1995–96 Georgia (country) Zviad Endeladze Margveti Georgia (country) Umaglesi Liga 40
Winners were awarded by European Sports Media
1996–97 Brazil Ronaldo Barcelona Spain La Liga 34 68
1997–98 Greece Nikos Machlas Vitesse Netherlands Eredivisie 34 68
1998–99 Brazil Mário Jardel Porto Portugal Primeira Liga 36 72
1999–2000 England Kevin Phillips Sunderland England Premier League 30 60
2000–01 Sweden Henrik Larsson Celtic ^ Scotland Premier League 35 52.5
2001–02 Brazil Mário Jardel (2) Sporting CP ^ Portugal Primeira Liga 42 63
2002–03 Netherlands Roy Makaay Deportivo La Coruña Spain La Liga 29 58
2003–04 France Thierry Henry Arsenal ^ England Premier League 30 60
2004–05 France Thierry Henry (2) Arsenal England Premier League 25 50
Uruguay Diego Forlán Villarreal Spain La Liga
2005–06 Italy Luca Toni Fiorentina Italy Serie A 31 62
2006–07 Italy Francesco Totti Roma Italy Serie A 26 52
2007–08 Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo Manchester United ^ England Premier League 31 62
2008–09 Uruguay Diego Forlán (2) Atlético Madrid Spain La Liga 32 64
2009–10 Argentina Lionel Messi Barcelona ^ Spain La Liga 34 68
2010–11 Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo (2) Real Madrid Spain La Liga 40 80
2011–12 Argentina Lionel Messi (2) Barcelona Spain La Liga 50 100
2012–13 Argentina Lionel Messi (3) Barcelona ^ Spain La Liga 46 92
2013–14 Uruguay Luis Suárez Liverpool England Premier League 31 62
Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo (3) Real Madrid Spain La Liga
2014–15 Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo (4) Real Madrid Spain La Liga 48 96
2015–16 Uruguay Luis Suárez (2) Barcelona ^ Spain La Liga 40 80
2016–17 Argentina Lionel Messi (4) Barcelona Spain La Liga 37 74
2017–18 Argentina Lionel Messi (5) Barcelona ^ Spain La Liga 34 68
2018–19 Argentina Lionel Messi (6) Barcelona ^ Spain La Liga 36 72
2019–20 Italy Ciro Immobile Lazio Italy Serie A 36 72
Notes
  1. ^ Original 1986–87 season winner Rodion Cămătaru (with 44 goals) was disqualified later and the trophy was awarded to Polster in 1990. However, Cămătaru was allowed to keep his copy of the trophy.[5]
  2. ^ Darko Pančev got his prize for 1990–91 season later, only in 2006,[6] following a protest from Cyprus where a player supposedly scored 40 goals (though the official topscorers for the season, Suad Beširević and Panayiotis Xiourouppas, are listed with 19 goals each). Due to this affair, France Football decided to make the competition unofficial.[5]

Statistics[edit]

Multiple winners[edit]

Lionel Messi is the only player to win the award six times, all with Barcelona. Messi holds the all-time record for goals in a single season with 50 in 2011–12, which accumulated to a record 100 points. Bayern Munich's Gerd Müller was the first player to win the award twice, in 1969–70 and 1971–72. Messi was the first player to win the award three times, Cristiano Ronaldo was the first player to win the award four times, and Messi again was the first, and so far only, player to win it five and six times. Only Lionel Messi (2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–19) has won the award for three years in a row. Thierry Henry (2003–04, 2004–05), Lionel Messi (2011–12, 2012–13 and 2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–19), Cristiano Ronaldo (2013–14, 2014–15) and Ally McCoist (1991–92, 1992–93) have won the award in consecutive years. Diego Forlán (Villarreal, Atlético Madrid), Luis Suárez (Liverpool, Barcelona), Mário Jardel (Porto, Sporting CP) and Cristiano Ronaldo (Manchester United, Real Madrid) are the only players to have won the award with two clubs.

Multiple European Golden Shoe winners
Player Wins Seasons
Argentina Lionel Messi 6 2009–10, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–19
Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo 4 2007–08, 2010–11, 2013–14 (shared), 2014–15
Portugal Eusébio 2 1967–68, 1972–73
West Germany Gerd Müller 1969–70, 1971–72
Romania Dudu Georgescu 1974–75, 1976–77
Portugal Fernando Gomes 1982–83, 1984–85
Scotland Ally McCoist 1991–92, 1992–93
Brazil Mário Jardel 1998–99, 2001–02
France Thierry Henry 2003–04, 2004–05 (shared)
Uruguay Diego Forlán 2004–05 (shared), 2008–09
Uruguay Luis Suárez 2013–14 (shared), 2015–16

Winners by club[edit]

European Golden Shoe winners by club
Club Total Player(s)
Spain Barcelona 8 3
Spain Real Madrid 4 2
Romania Dinamo București 3 2
Portugal Porto 3 2
Bulgaria CSKA Sofia 2 2
England Liverpool 2 2
Netherlands Ajax 2 2
Portugal Sporting CP 2 2
England Arsenal 2 1
West Germany Bayern Munich 2 1
Portugal Benfica 2 1
Scotland Rangers 2 1
Armenia Homenetmen 1 1
Austria Austria Wien 1 1
Austria Rapid Wien 1 1
Belgium Lierse 1 1
Bulgaria Botev Plovdiv 1 1
Cyprus Omonia Nicosia 1 1
England Manchester United 1 1
England Sunderland 1 1
France Marseille 1 1
Georgia (country) Zestafoni 1 1
Italy Fiorentina 1 1
Italy Lazio 1 1
Italy Roma 1 1
Netherlands AZ 1 1
Netherlands Vitesse 1 1
Scotland Celtic 1 1
Spain Atlético Madrid 1 1
Spain Deportivo La Coruña 1 1
Spain Villarreal 1 1
Turkey Galatasaray 1 1
Wales Porthmadog 1 1
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade 1 1

Winners by nationality[edit]

European Golden Shoe winners by nationality
Nationality Total Player(s)
 Portugal 8 3
 Argentina 7 2
 Netherlands 4 4
 Uruguay 4 2
 Italy 3 3
 Bulgaria 3 3
 Romania 3 2
 Brazil 3 2
 Austria 2 2
 Wales 2 2
 Yugoslavia 2 2
 France 2 1
 West Germany 2 1
 Scotland 2 1
 Armenia 1 1
 Belgium 1 1
 Cyprus 1 1
 England 1 1
 Georgia 1 1
 Greece 1 1
 Mexico 1 1
 Sweden 1 1
 Turkey 1 1

Winners by league[edit]

European Golden Shoe winners by league
League Total Player(s)
Spain La Liga 15 7
Portugal Primeira Liga 7 4
England Premier League 6 5
Netherlands Eredivisie 4 4
Italy Serie A 3 3
Bulgaria Parva Liga 3 3
Scotland Premier Division 3 2
Romania Liga I 3 2
Austria Bundesliga 2 2
Germany Bundesliga 2 1
France Ligue 1 1 1
Cyprus First Division 1 1
Belgium Division A 1 1
Turkey Süper Lig 1 1
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia First League 1 1
Wales Premier League 1 1
Armenia Premier League 1 1
Georgia (country) Umaglesi Liga 1 1

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Golden Boot: The Quotients Decide It All". soccerphile.com. Retrieved 20 February 2008.
  2. ^ "European Golden Shoe". European Sports Magazine. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  3. ^ "The European Golden Shoe". FIFA. 13 March 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  4. ^ "What does Cristiano Ronaldo need to secure his fifth Golden Boot?". Marca. 23 July 2020. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Golden Boot ("Soulier d'Or") Awards". Rsssf.com. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Macedonia's Pancev awarded Golden boot....15 years late". Dnaindia.com. 4 August 2006. Retrieved 30 March 2019.

External links[edit]