European Green Capital Award
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The European Green Capital Award is an award for a European city based on its environmental record. The award was launched on 22 May 2008 and the first award was given to Stockholm for the year 2010. The European Commission has long recognised the important role that local authorities play in improving the environment, and their high level of commitment to genuine progress. The European Green Capital Award has been conceived as an initiative to promote and reward these efforts.
Starting in 2010, one European city is selected each year as the European Green Capital of the year. The award is given to a city that:
- Has a consistent record of achieving high environmental standards;
- Is committed to ongoing and ambitious goals for further environmental improvement and sustainable development;
- Can act as a role model to inspire other cities and promote best practices to all other European cities.
All cities across Europe with more than 100,000 inhabitants can be a candidate for European Green Capital. The award is open to EU Member States, EU candidate countries, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. In countries where there is no city with more than 100,000 inhabitants, the largest city is eligible to apply. Where applicable, cities may apply for either the EGCA or EGL, but not both, in any given year.
Entries are assessed on the basis of 12 indicators: local contribution to global climate change, transport, green urban areas, noise, waste production and management, nature and biodiversity, air, water consumption, waste water treatment, eco-innovation and sustainable employment, environmental management of the local authority, and energy performance.
The title is awarded by an international jury supported by a panel of supposed experts in different environmental fields.
The idea of a European Green Capital was originally conceived at a meeting in May 2006 in Tallinn, Estonia. The award is the result of an initiative taken by 15 European cities (Tallinn, Helsinki, Riga, Vilnius, Berlin, Warsaw, Madrid, Ljubljana, Prague, Vienna, Kiel, Kotka, Dartford, Tartu and Glasgow) and the Association of Estonian cities, who submitted the so-called Tallinn Memorandum to the European Commission, proposing the establishment of an award rewarding cities that are leading the way in environmentally friendly urban living. The award was officially launched based on an initiative of the European Commission in May 2008, and each year one European city is selected as the European Green Capital.
- 2010: Stockholm
- 2011: Hamburg
- 2012: Vitoria-Gasteiz
- 2013: Nantes
- 2014: Copenhagen
- 2015: Bristol
- 2016: Ljubljana
- 2017: Essen
- 2018: Nijmegen
- 2019: Oslo
- 2020: Lisbon
- 2021: Lahti
- 2022: Grenoble
- 2023: Tallinn
- 2024: Valencia
European Green Leaf
Following the success of the European Green Capital Award (EGCA), many smaller cities sought EU recognition for their efforts and commitment in the areas of sustainability & environment. In response, the European Commission launched a pilot European Green Leaf (EGL) initiative in 2015. The European Green Leaf's competition aims at cities between 20,000 and 100,000 inhabitants recognizing their commitment to better environmental outcomes, with a particular accent on efforts generating green growth and new jobs.
The objectives of the European Green Leaf are threefold:
- To recognise cities that demonstrate a good environmental record and commitment to generating green growth;
- To encourage cities to actively develop citizens' environmental awareness and involvement;
- To identify cities able to act as a 'green ambassador' and to encourage other cities to progress towards a better sustainability outcomes.
The European Green Leaf will be presented on an annual basis by the European Commission in conjunction with the European Green Capital Award from 2015 onwards as a stamp of approval to Smaller Cities, Growing Greener!
- 2015: Mollet del Vallès
- 2015: Torres Vedras
- 2017: Galway
- 2018: Leuven
- 2018: Växjö
- 2019: Cornellà de Llobregat
- 2019: Horst aan de Maas
- 2020: Limerick
- 2020: Mechelen
- 2021: Lappeenranta
- 2021: Gabrovo
- 2022: Valongo
- 2022: Winterswijk
- European Capital of Culture
- European Youth Capital
- European Region of Gastronomy
- List of environmental awards
- "Expert Panel | European Green Capital". Ec.europa.eu. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
- About the EU Green Capital Award
- The Tallinn Memorandum Archived 27 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- "2012-13 Europe green capital finalists down to six". Reuters. 9 April 2010.
- "Why Bristol's eco aura won it European Green Capital 2015 status, Bristol holidays". The Guardian.
- "Ljubljana: eat, drink and explore in the European Green Capital". The Independent. 4 April 2016.
- "Europe Travel: 20 European Cities Ranked Best Green Capitals 2022". Forbes.