European Neighbourhood Instrument

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The European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) came into force in 2014.[1] It is the financial arm of the European Neighbourhood Policy, the EU’s foreign policy towards its neighbours to the East and to the South. It has a budget of €15.4 billion and provides the bulk of funding through a number of programmes.[2]

The six ENI targets are:

  1. Promoting human rights and fundamental freedoms, the rule of law, equality, sustainable democracy, good governance and a thriving civil society;
  2. Achieving progressive integration into the EU internal market and enhanced co-operation including through legislative approximation and regulatory convergence, institution building and investments;
  3. Creating conditions for well managed mobility of people and promotion of people-to-people contacts;
  4. Encouraging development, poverty reduction, internal economic, social and territorial cohesion, rural development, climate action and disaster resilience;
  5. Promoting confidence building and other measures contributing to security and the prevention and settlement of conflicts;
  6. Enhancing sub-regional, regional and Neighbourhood wide collaboration as well as Cross-Border Cooperation.

The ENI, effective from 2014 to 2020, replaces the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument - known as the ENPI.[3] This cooperation instrument continues to be managed by DG Development and Cooperation - EuropeAid, which turns decisions taken on a political level into actions on the ground. ENPI funding approved for the period 2007-2013 was €11.2 billion.

The 16 ENI partner countries are: Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia, in the South, and Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine in the East.

With Russia, the EU has a separate Strategic Partnership.[4]

The EU Neighbourhood Info Centre[5] was launched in January 2009 by the European Commission to make more known the relationship between the EU and its Neighbours as part of the European Neighbourhood Policy.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Establishing a European Neighbourhood Instrument".
  2. ^ "Commission Européenne - COMMUNIQUES DE PRESSE - Communiqué de presse - The Multiannual Financial Framework: The Proposals on External Action Instruments". europa.eu.
  3. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/where/neighbourhood/overview/index_en.htm
  4. ^ http://www.enpi-info.eu/eastportal/content//364/About%20the%20EuroEast
  5. ^ "- EU Neighbours". www.enpi-info.eu. Archived from the original on 2013-12-14. Retrieved 2013-12-09.

External links[edit]