European Parliament election, 1984 (United Kingdom)

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United Kingdom European Parliament election, 1984
United Kingdom
1979 ←
14 June 1984 → 1989

81 seats to the European Parliament
Turnout 33%
  First party Second party
  Margaret Thatcher cropped2.png Kinnock, Neil.jpg
Leader Margaret Thatcher Neil Kinnock
Party Conservative Labour
Alliance EPP PES
Leader since 11 February 1975 2 October 1983
Last election 60 seats, 51% 17 seats, 33%
Seats won 45 32
Seat change Decrease15 Increase15
Popular vote 5,426,866 4,865,224
Percentage 38.8% 34.7%
Swing Decrease9.60% Increase3.1

European Parliament election, 1984 (United Kingdom).svg

Colours denote the winning party, as shown in the main table of results.

Leader of Largest Party before election

Margaret Thatcher
Conservative

Subsequent Leader of Largest Party

Margaret Thatcher
Conservative

The European Parliament Election, 1984 was the second European election to be held in the United Kingdom. It was held on 14 June. The electoral system was First Past the Post in England, Scotland and Wales and Single Transferable Vote in Northern Ireland. The turnout was again the lowest in Europe. In England, Scotland and Wales, the Liberal Party and Social Democratic Party were in alliance, collecting 2,591,635 votes but not a single seat.

The election represented a small recovery for Labour, under Michael Foot's replacement Neil Kinnock, taking 15 seats from the Conservatives. In the general election of 1983, they had only had a vote share of 2% more than the SDP–Liberal Alliance (although they had nearly 10 times more MP's elected) and 15% less than the Conservatives.

  • Overall (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) turnout: 33% (EC average: 61%)
  • Overall votes cast: 13,998,190

England, Scotland and Wales[edit]

Source: UK Office of the European Parliament

Note: percentages are approximate

Party Votes Seats Loss/Gain Share of Vote (%)
Conservative 5,426,866 45 -15 38.8
Labour 4,865,224 32 +15 34.7
SDP–Liberal Alliance 2,591,659 0 0 19.5
SNP 230,594 1 0 1.7
Plaid Cymru 103,031 0 0 0.8
Ecology 70,853 0 0 0.5
Independent 11,073 0 0 0
Independent Ecology 3,330 0 0 0
Independent Conservative 3,249 0 0 0
Independent Liberal 2,981 0 0 0
Wessex Regionalist 2,365 0 0 0
Cornish Nationalist 1,892 0 0 0
Federal Republican 1,494 0 0 0

Total votes cast - 13,312,898. All parties listed.

Constituency Results[edit]

Source: UK-Elect

Constituency Constituency result by party Winning party 1984
Con Lab Lib/All SDP/All PC SNP Others
Bedfordshire South 72,088 57,106 36,444 Conservative
Birmingham East 54,994 76,377 21,927 1,440 Labour
Birmingham West 55,702 61,946 19,422 Labour
Bristol 94,652 77,008 33,698 Conservative
Cambridge and Bedfordshire North 86,117 38,901 36,341 Conservative
Cheshire East 71,182 52,806 31,374 Conservative
Cheshire West Conservative
Cleveland and Yorkshire North Conservative
Cornwall and Plymouth Conservative
Cotswolds Conservative
Cumbria and Lancashire North Conservative
Derbyshire Labour
Devon Conservative
Dorset East and Hampshire West Conservative
Durham Labour
Essex North East Conservative
Essex South West Conservative
Glasgow 25,282 91,015 20,867 16,456 Labour
Greater Manchester Central Labour
Greater Manchester East Labour
Greater Manchester West Labour
Hampshire Central Conservative
Hereford and Worcester Conservative
Hertfordshire Conservative
Highlands and Islands 18,847 16,644 33,133 49,410 SNP
Humberside Conservative
Kent East Conservative
Kent West Conservative
Lancashire Central Conservative
Lancashire East Labour
Leeds Labour
Leicester Conservative
Lincolnshire Conservative
London Central 64,545 77,842 30,269 7,514 Labour
London East 61,711 73,870 26,379 Labour
London North 74,846 69,993 31,344 4,682 Conservative
London North East 27,242 79,907 17,344 4,797 Labour
London North West 69,803 62,381 29,609 Conservative
London South and Surrey East 82,122 37,465 34,522 Conservative
London South East 81,508 61,493 38,614 989 Conservative
London South Inner 46,180 77,661 25,391 3,281 Labour
London South West 41,096 32,632 23,842 2,135 Conservative
London West 74,325 79,554 36,687 4,361 Labour
Lothians 49,065 74,989 36,636 22,331 2,560 Labour
Merseyside East Labour
Merseyside West Labour
Mid and West Wales 52,910 89,362 35,168 32,880 4,266 Labour
Mid Scotland and Fife 52,872 80,038 24,220 30,511 Labour
Midlands East Conservative
Midlands West Conservative
Norfolk Conservative
North East Scotland 53,809 44,648 25,490 33,448 Conservative
North Wales 69,139 54,768 56,861 38,117 Conservative
Northamptonshire Conservative
Northumbria Labour
Nottingham Conservative
Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Conservative
Sheffield Labour
Shropshire and Stafford Conservative
Somerset and Dorset West Conservative
South of Scotland 60,843 57,706 23,598 22,242 Conservative
South Wales 55,678 99,936 26,588 13,201 Labour
South Wales East 36,359 131,916 28,330 18,833 Labour
Staffordshire East Conservative
Strathclyde East 24,857 90,792 11,883 27,330 Labour
Strathclyde West 47,196 70,234 25,955 28,866 Labour
Suffolk Conservative
Surrey West Conservative
Sussex East Conservative
Sussex West Conservative
Thames Valley Conservative
Tyne and Wear Labour
Wight and Hampshire East Conservative
Wiltshire Conservative
York Conservative
Yorkshire South Labour
Yorkshire South West Labour
Yorkshire West Labour

Northern Ireland[edit]

Source: Northern Ireland Social and Political Archive

European Parliament election, 1984: Northern Ireland[1]
Party Candidate  % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4
DUP Ian Paisley 33.6 230,251      
UUP John Taylor 21.5 147,169 185,714    
SDLP John Hume 22.1 151,399 151,664 156,310 183,256
Sinn Féin Danny Morrison 13.3 91,476 91,525 92,644 93,079
Alliance David Cook 5.0 34,046 34,892 37,401  
Ulster Popular Unionist James Kilfedder 2.9 20,092 38,293 38,854  
Workers' Party Seamus Lynch 1.3 8,712 8,813    
Ecology Colin McGuigan 0.3 2,172 2,236    
Electorate: 1,065,363   Valid: 685,317   Spoilt: 11,654   Quota: 171,330   Turnout: 696,994

Party Leaders in 1984[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The 1984 European Election, Northern Ireland Elections

See also[edit]