European Parliament election, 1987 (Spain)

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European Parliament election in Spain, 1987
Spain
10 June 1987 1989 →

All 60 Spanish seats to the European Parliament
Registered 28,450,491
Turnout 19,494,098 (68.5%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Manuel Fraga 1982 (cropped).jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg
Leader Fernando Morán Manuel Fraga Eduard Punset
Party PSOE AP CDS
Alliance SOC ED NI
Leader since 10 April 1987 16 March 1987 30 April 1987
Leader's seat Spain Spain Spain
Seats won 28 17 7
Popular vote 7,522,706 4,747,283 1,976,093
Percentage 39.1% 24.6% 10.3%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg
Leader Fernando Pérez Royo Carles Gasòliba Txema Montero
Party IU CiU HB
Alliance COM LDR/EPP NI
Leader since 25 April 1987 1987 28 April 1987
Leader's seat Spain Spain Spain
Seats won 3 3 1
Popular vote 1,011,830 853,603 360,952
Percentage 5.3% 4.4% 1.9%

SpainProvinceMapEuropean1987.png
Provincial results map for the European Parliament in Spain

The 1987 European Parliament election in Spain was held on Wednesday, 10 June 1987, to elect the country's 1st MEP delegation to the European Parliament. All 60 seats allocated to Spain as per the 1985 Treaty of Accession were up for election. Spain had acceded the European Community on 1 January 1986 and had been represented in the European Parliament by 60 temporarily-appointed delegates until a proper election could be held. Since a European-wide election was not due until 1989, elected MEPs only served for the remainder of the 1984–89 term of the European Parliament. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in 12 other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.

The main opposition People's Alliance party (AP), running on its own after the People's Democratic Party (PDP) and Liberal Party (PL) broke away from the People's Coalition, choose Manuel Fraga—who had resigned as party leader in December 1986—to lead the party list.[1] Adolfo Suárez had considered running as main candidate for his Democratic and Social Centre party (CDS),[2] but declined after the electoral law was amended by the ruling Spanish Socialist Workers' Party to make elected MEPs incompatible for posts in the Cortes Generales—Suárez was deputy in the Congress of Deputies, and would have been forced to renounce one of the two offices if elected—.[3]

Electoral system[edit]

The European Parliament MEP delegation for Spain was elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation. Under the 1985 Treaty of Accession, Spain was entitled to 60 seats, allocated to a single multi-member district—comprising the entire national territory—. No threshold was applied in order to be entitled to enter seat distribution.

Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. Parties, coalitions and groups of electors were required to obtain the signatures of at least 15,000 registered electors in order to be able to field candidates. However, parties and coalitions could replace this requirement with the signatures of at least 50 elected officials—deputies, senators, MEPs or members from the legislative assemblies of autonomous communities or from local city councils—.[4]

Parties and candidates[edit]

Party Ideology Leader
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Social democracy Fernando Morán[5]
People's Alliance (AP) Conservatism Manuel Fraga
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) Centrism Eduard Punset
United Left (IU) Eurocommunism Fernando Pérez Royo
Convergence and Union (CiU) Liberalism Carles Gasòliba

Opinion polls[edit]

Individual poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first, and using the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. If such date is unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance of a tie, the figures with the highest percentages are shaded. in the case of seat projections, they are displayed in bold and in a different font. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures.

Results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 10 June 1987 European Parliament election results in Spain
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 7,522,706 39.06 28
People's Alliance (AP) 4,747,283 24.65 17
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1,976,093 10.26 7
United Left (IU) 1,011,830 5.25 3
Convergence and Union (CiU) 853,603 4.43 3
Popular Unity (HB) 360,952 1.87 1
Coalition for the Europe of the Peoples (EAERCPNG) 326,911 1.70 1
Left of the Peoples (IP) 261,328 1.36 0
Europeanist Union (PNVPGN) 226,570 1.18 0
Workers' Party of Spain–Communist Unity (PTE–UC) 222,680 1.16 0
Blank ballots 189,729 0.99
Total 19,261,226 100.00 60
Valid votes 19,261,226 98.81
Invalid votes 232,872 1.19
Votes cast / turnout 19,494,098 68.52
Abstentions 8,956,393 31.48
Registered voters 28,450,491
Source(s): Ministry of the Interior, historiaelectoral.com
Popular vote
PSOE
  
39.06%
AP
  
24.65%
CDS
  
10.26%
IU
  
5.25%
CiU
  
4.43%
HB
  
1.87%
EA–ERC–PNG
  
1.70%
IP
  
1.36%
PNV–PGN
  
1.18%
PTE–UC
  
1.16%
Others
  
8.11%
Blank ballots
  
0.99%
Seats
PSOE
  
46.67%
AP
  
28.33%
CDS
  
11.67%
IU
  
5.00%
CiU
  
5.00%
HB
  
1.67%
EA–ERC–PNG
  
1.67%

Distribution by European group[edit]

Summary of political group distribution in the 2nd European Parliament[6]
Party/alliance SOC ED COM LDR EPP RBW EDA G DR NI
PSOE 28
PP 17
CDS 7
IU 3
CiU 2 1
HB 1
CEP 1
Total 28 17 3 2 1 1 8

Opinion poll sources[edit]

  1. ^ "Algunas encuestas electorales plantean un descenso exagerado del PSOE". ABC (in Spanish). 4 June 1987. 
  2. ^ a b "El CDS, único partido que ha progresado durante la campaña" (PDF). Diario 16 (in Spanish). 4 June 1987. 
  3. ^ "El PSOE ganará las elecciones al Parlamento Europeo pero puede perder al menos diez eurodiputados" (PDF). Diario 16 (in Spanish). 4 June 1987. 
  4. ^ "PSOE y AP, en cabeza aunque pierden votos". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). 4 June 1987. 
  5. ^ "El PSOE pierde el control mayoritario de las grandes ciudades" (PDF). El País (in Spanish). 4 June 1987. 
  6. ^ "Un sondeo del CIS para el Gobierno da la mayoría del PSOE en Madrid y Barcelona" (PDF). El País (in Spanish). 4 June 1987. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ González Ibañez, Juan (17 March 1987). "Fraga encabezará la candidatura de Alianza Popular al Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  2. ^ González Ibañez, Juan (27 April 1987). "Suárez mantiene la intención de ser candidato para el Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  3. ^ González Ibañez, Juan (1 May 1987). "Suárez renuncia a ser candidato al Parlamento y pone en su lugar al ex ministro Punset". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  4. ^ General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 6 March 2017.
  5. ^ "Fernando Morán encabezará la candidatura del PSOE para el Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). 7 April 1987. 
  6. ^ "Parlamento Europeo: Distribución de los Eurodiputados españoles en grupos parlamentarios". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 March 2017. 

External links[edit]