European Parliament election, 1989 (Portugal)

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Portugal European Parliament election, 1989

← 1987 18 June 1989 1994 →

24 seats to the European Parliament
Turnout 51.1% Decrease 21.3 pp

  First party Second party
  Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg
Leader António Capucho João Cravinho
Party PSD PS
Alliance ALDE PES
Last election 10 seats 6 seats
Seats won 9 8
Seat change Decrease 1 Increase 2
Popular vote 1,358,958 1,184,380
Percentage 32.8% 28.5%
Swing Decrease 4.7 pp Increase 6.3 pp

  Third party Fourth party
  Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg
Leader Carlos Carvalhas Francisco Lucas Pires
Party CDU CDS
Alliance COM EPP
Last election 3 seats 4 seats
Seats won 4 3
Seat change Increase 1 Decrease 1
Popular vote 597,759 587,497
Percentage 14.4% 14.2%
Swing Increase 2.9 pp Decrease 1.3 pp

The European Parliament election of 1989 in Portugal was the election of MEP representing Portugal constituency for the 1989-1994 term of the European Parliament. It was part of the wider 1989 European election. In Portugal the election was held on 18 June.

The Social Democratic Party (PSD) won the elections with almost 33% of the votes, but lost a lot of ground compared with 1987. Although the country was experiencing a significant economic growth at that time, the PSD saw the gap between them and the Socialists narrow to around 4%. On the other hand, the Socialist Party (PS), although failing to topple the PSD as the largest party, performed quite well gaining more than 6% of the votes and polling above 28%, compared with the 22% in 1987. They also gained 2 MEP, while the PSD lost one.

The Democratic Unity Coalition (CDU), also performed very well, winning 14% and becoming the third political force. The Communist/Green alliance was also able to win one more MEP compared with 1987. The CDS saw its share of vote drop a bit, to 14% and was surpassed by CDU, as it fell to fourth place.

Turnout fell dramatically in these election, with just 51% of voters casting a ballot.

Electoral System[edit]

The voting method used, for the election of European members of parliament, is by proportional representation using the d'Hondt method, which is known to benefit leading parties. In the 1989 EU elections, Portugal had 24 seats to be filled. Deputies are elected in a single constituency, corresponding to the entire national territory.

Parties and candidates[edit]

The major parties that partook in the election, and their EP list leaders, were:[1]

National summary of votes and seats[edit]

e • d Summary of the results of Portugal's 18 June 1989 election to the European Parliament
← 198719891994 →
National party European party Main candidate Votes % +/– Seats +/–
Social Democratic Party (PSD) LDR António Capucho 1,358,958 32.75 4.70 Decrease 9 1 Decrease
Socialist Party (PS)* PES João Cravinho 1,184,380 28.54 6.26 Increase 8 2 Increase
Democratic Unitarian Coalition (CDU)
Communist Party (PCP)
Ecologist Party (PEV)
LU Carlos Carvalhas 597,759 14.40 2.90 Increase 4
3
1

0 Steady
1 Increase
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) EPP Lucas Pires 587,497 14.16 1.34 Decrease 3 1 Decrease
People's Monarchist Party (PPM) None 84,272 2.03 0.74 Decrease 0 0 Steady
Democratic Movement (MDP) None 56,900 1.37 0.88 Increase 0 0 Steady
People's Democratic Union (UDP) None 45,017 1.08 0.14 Increase 0 0 Steady
Others (parties or candidates that won less than 1% and no seats) 107,217 2.58 0 1 Decrease
Valid votes 4,022,000 96.92
Blank and invalid votes 127,756 3.08
Totals 4,149,756 100.00 24 0 Steady
Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout 8,121,564 51.10 21.32 Decrease
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições
* = The Socialist Party list included 1 MP elected by the Democratic Renewal Party.
Vote share
PSD
32.75%
PS
28.54%
CDU
14.41%
CDS
14.16%
PPM
2.03%
MDP
1.37%
UDP
1.09%
PSR
0.77%
PDC
0.72%
PCTP/MRPP
0.64%
Others
0.46%
Blank/Invalid
3.08%

Distribution by European group[edit]

Summary of political group distribution in the 3rd European Parliament (1989–1994)[2]
Groups Parties Seats Total %
Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (LDR)

9 9 37.50
Socialist Group (SOC)

8 8 33.33
European United Left (EUL)

3 3 12.50
European People's Party (EPP)

3 3 12.50
The Green Group in the European Parliament (G)

1 1 4.17
Total 24 24 100.00

Maps[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]