European Parliament election, 1989 (Portugal)
24 seats to the European Parliament
|Turnout||51.1% 21.3 pp|
The European Parliament election of 1989 in Portugal was the election of MEP representing Portugal constituency for the 1989-1994 term of the European Parliament. It was part of the wider 1989 European election. In Portugal the election was held on 18 June.
The Social Democratic Party (PSD) won the elections with almost 33% of the votes, but lost a lot of ground compared with 1987. Although the country was experiencing a significant economic growth at that time, the PSD saw the gap between them and the Socialists narrow to around 4%. On the other hand, the Socialist Party (PS), although failing to topple the PSD as the largest party, performed quite well gaining more than 6% of the votes and polling above 28%, compared with the 22% in 1987. They also gained 2 MEP, while the PSD lost one.
The Democratic Unity Coalition (CDU), also performed very well, winning 14% and becoming the third political force. The Communist/Green alliance was also able to win one more MEP compared with 1987. The CDS saw its share of vote drop a bit, to 14% and was surpassed by CDU, as it fell to fourth place.
Turnout fell dramatically in these election, with just 51% of voters casting a ballot.
The voting method used, for the election of European members of parliament, is by proportional representation using the d'Hondt method, which is known to benefit leading parties. In the 1989 EU elections, Portugal had 24 seats to be filled. Deputies are elected in a single constituency, corresponding to the entire national territory.
Parties and candidates
The major parties that partook in the election, and their EP list leaders, were:
- Democratic Unity Coalition (CDU), Carlos Carvalhas
- Socialist Party (PS), João Cravinho
- Social Democratic Party (PSD), António Capucho
- Democratic and Social Centre (CDS), Francisco Lucas Piras
National summary of votes and seats
|← 1987 • 1989 • 1994 →|
|National party||European party||Main candidate||Votes||%||+/–||Seats||+/–|
|Social Democratic Party (PSD)||LDR||António Capucho||1,358,958||32.75||4.70||9||1|
|Socialist Party (PS)*||PES||João Cravinho||1,184,380||28.54||6.26||8||2|
|Democratic Unitarian Coalition (CDU)
• Communist Party (PCP)
• Ecologist Party (PEV)
|Democratic and Social Centre (CDS)||EPP||Lucas Pires||587,497||14.16||1.34||3||1|
|People's Monarchist Party (PPM)||None||84,272||2.03||0.74||0||0|
|Democratic Movement (MDP)||None||56,900||1.37||0.88||0||0|
|People's Democratic Union (UDP)||None||45,017||1.08||0.14||0||0|
|Others (parties or candidates that won less than 1% and no seats)||107,217||2.58||—||0||1|
|Blank and invalid votes||127,756||3.08|
|Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout||8,121,564||51.10||21.32|
|Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições |
* = The Socialist Party list included 1 MP elected by the Democratic Renewal Party.
Distribution by European group
|Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (LDR)||
|Socialist Group (SOC)||
|European United Left (EUL)||
|European People's Party (EPP)||
|The Green Group in the European Parliament (G)||
Most voted political force by municipality.
- Politics of Portugal
- List of political parties in Portugal
- Elections in Portugal
- European Parliament
- Comissão Nacional de Eleições - Deputados
- "Elecciones al Parlamento Europeo: Resultados por países 1979 - 2014". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 November 2017.