European Parliament election, 1989 (Spain)

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European Parliament election in Spain, 1989
Spain
← 1987 15 June 1989 1994 →

All 60 Spanish seats in the European Parliament
Registered 29,283,982 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2.9%
Turnout 16,022,276 (54.7%)
Red Arrow Down.svg13.8 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Marcelino Oreja 2014 (cropped).jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg
Leader Fernando Morán Marcelino Oreja José Ramón Caso
Party PSOE PP CDS
Alliance SOC EPP LDR
Leader since 10 April 1987 20 January 1989 28 April 1989
Leader's seat Spain Spain Spain
Last election 28 seats, 39.1% 17 seats, 25.5% 7 seats, 10.3%
Seats won 27 15 5
Seat change Red Arrow Down.svg1 Red Arrow Down.svg2 Red Arrow Down.svg2
Popular vote 6,275,552 3,395,015 1,133,429
Percentage 39.6% 21.4% 7.1%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.5 pp Red Arrow Down.svg4.1 pp Red Arrow Down.svg3.2 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg José María Ruiz-Mateos cropped.png
Leader Fernando Pérez Royo Carles Gasòliba José María Ruiz-Mateos
Party IU CiU Ruiz-Mateos
Alliance EUL LDR/EPP EDA
Leader since 25 April 1987 1 January 1986 7 May 1987
Leader's seat Spain Spain Spain
Last election 3 seats, 5.3% 3 seats, 4.4% 0 seats, 0.6%
Seats won 4 2 2
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 Red Arrow Down.svg1 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2
Popular vote 961,742 666,602 608,560
Percentage 6.1% 4.2% 3.8%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.8 pp Red Arrow Down.svg0.2 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg3.2 pp

SpainProvinceMapEuropean1989.png
Provincial results map for the European Parliament in Spain

The 1989 European Parliament election in Spain was held on Thursday, 15 June 1989, as part of the European-wide election to elect the 3rd European Parliament. All 60 seats allocated to Spain as per the 1985 Treaty of Accession were up for election.

The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) emerged as the largest party, followed by the newly amalgamated People's Party (PP) and Adolfo Suárez's Democratic and Social Centre—both of which scoring far below expectations—, as well as left-wing United Left (IU), which improved slightly on its 1987 performance. Ruiz-Mateos Group was the election surprise by winning two seats, with former Rumasa CEO and party leader José María Ruiz Mateos being elected as MEP—which granted him immunity from criminal prosecution, as he had been a fugitive from Spanish justice at the time of his election—. Registered turnout was a record low at the time for a nationwide election held in Spain, with abstention peaking at 45.3%.[1]

The election was largely influenced by a recent string of PP–CDS agreements to vote no confidence motions on PSOE local governments, which included the Madrid city council and regional governments.[2][3][4] This was said to have influenced the election's outcome, which had resulted in a sizeable PSOE win and a collapse in support for both the PP and CDS.[5][6] His party's showing in this election was said to be one of the reasons that led Prime Minister Felipe González to call a snap general election for 29 October 1989.[7][8]

Electoral system[edit]

The 60 members of the European Parliament allocated to Spain as per the 1985 Treaty of Accession were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with no threshold being applied in order to be entitled to enter seat distribution. However, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold dependant on the district magnitude.[9] Seats were allocated to a single multi-member constituency comprising the entire national territory. Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote.[10][11][12]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, they were required to secure at least the signature of 15,000 electors entered in electoral register. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Parties, federations and coalitions were allowed to replace this requirement with the signature of at least 50 elected officials—deputies, senators, MEPs or members from the legislative assemblies of autonomous communities or from local city councils—. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days from the election call.[10][11]

Parties and leaders[edit]

Parties and coalitions Composition Ideology Candidate
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Social democracy Fernando Morán[13][14]
People's Party (PP) Conservatism Marcelino Oreja[15]
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) Social liberalism José Ramón Caso[16]
United Left (IU) Communism Fernando Pérez Royo[17]
Convergence and Union (CiU) Catalan nationalism Carles Gasòliba
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) Populism José María Ruiz-Mateos[18]
Nationalist Coalition (CN) Regionalism Jon Gangoiti
Andalusian Party (PA) Andalusian nationalism Pedro Pacheco[19]
Left of the Peoples (IP) Left-wing nationalism Juan María Bandrés[20]
Popular Unity (HB) Abertzale left Txema Montero[21][22]
For the Europe of the Peoples (PEP) Left-wing nationalism Carlos Garaikoetxea[23]
Workers' Party of Spain–Communist Unity (PTE–UC) Eurocommunism Santiago Carrillo[24][25]
Green List (Adhered to the European Greens) (LV) Green politics Purificación González
The Ecologist Greens (LVE) Ecologism Félix Herrera
Federation of Regional Parties (FPR) Regionalism Héctor Villalba
Communist Party of the Peoples of SpainPCC (PCPE–PCC) Marxism-Leninism Juan Ramos

Results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 15 June 1989 European Parliament election results in Spain
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 6,275,552 39.57 +0.51 27 –1
People's Party (PP)1 3,395,015 21.41 –4.13 15 –2
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1,133,429 7.15 –3.11 5 –2
United Left (IU) 961,742 6.06 +0.81 4 +1
Convergence and Union (CiU) 666,602 4.20 –0.23 2 –1
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos)2 608,560 3.84 +3.23 2 +2
Nationalist Coalition (CN)3 303,038 1.91 +0.19 1 +1
Andalusian Party (PA) 295,047 1.86 +0.90 1 +1
Left of the Peoples (IP)4 290,286 1.83 +0.47 1 +1
Popular Unity (HB) 269,094 1.70 –0.17 1 ±0
For the Europe of the Peoples (PEP)5 238,909 1.51 –0.19 1 ±0
Workers' Party of Spain–Communist Unity (PTE–UC) 197,095 1.24 +0.08 0 ±0
Green List (Adhered to the European Greens) (LV)6 164,524 1.04 +0.14 0 ±0
The Ecologist Greens (LVE) 161,903 1.02 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 200,794 1.27 +0.28
Total 15,858,470 100.00 60 ±0
Valid votes 15,858,470 98.98 +0.17
Invalid votes 163,806 1.02 –0.17
Votes cast / turnout 16,022,276 54.71 –13.81
Abstentions 13,261,706 45.29 +13.81
Registered voters 29,283,982
Source(s): Ministry of the Interior, historiaelectoral.com
Popular vote
PSOE
  
39.57%
PP
  
21.41%
CDS
  
7.15%
IU
  
6.06%
CiU
  
4.20%
Ruiz-Mateos
  
3.84%
CN
  
1.91%
PA
  
1.86%
IP
  
1.83%
HB
  
1.70%
PEP
  
1.51%
PTE–UC
  
1.24%
LV
  
1.04%
LVE
  
1.02%
Others
  
4.39%
Blank ballots
  
1.27%
Seats
PSOE
  
45.00%
PP
  
25.00%
CDS
  
8.33%
IU
  
6.67%
CiU
  
3.33%
Ruiz-Mateos
  
3.33%
CN
  
1.67%
PA
  
1.67%
IP
  
1.67%
HB
  
1.67%
PEP
  
1.67%

Distribution by European group[edit]

Summary of political group distribution in the 3rd European Parliament (1989–1994)[26]
Groups Parties Seats Total  %
Socialist Group (SOC) 27 27 45.00
European People's Party (EPP) 15
1
1
17 28.33
Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (LDR) 5
1
6 10.00
European United Left (EUL) 4 4 6.67
European Democratic Alliance (EDA) 2 2 3.33
Rainbow Group (RBW) 1
1
2 3.33
The Green Group in the European Parliament (G) 1 1 1.67
Non-Inscrits (NI) 1 1 1.67
Total 60 60 100.00

References[edit]

  1. ^ "La abstención quita escaños a los grandes y se los da a los pequeños". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. 16 June 1989. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  2. ^ González Ibañez, Juan (9 May 1989). "Fraga anuncia su acuerdo con el CDS para derribar a Barranco, Leguina y cuatro alcaldes socialistas". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  3. ^ Montoliu, Pedro (18 May 1989). "Centristas y populares presentan la moción de censura contra el alcalde de Madrid". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  4. ^ "La moción de censura contra Leguina se votará tras las elecciones europeas". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. 30 May 1989. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "Caso admite que puede haber sido un error presentar mociones de censura con el PP". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. 24 June 1989. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  6. ^ Díez, Anabel (7 August 1989). "El CDS se desmarca de los populares tras el daño electoral y la desmoralización de sus bases". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  7. ^ González Ibañez, Juan (19 August 1989). "Felipe González, claramente favorable al adelanto de las elecciones tras reflexionar en Doñana". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  8. ^ González Ibañez, Juan (26 August 1989). "González convocará las legislativas para el 29 de octubre". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  9. ^ "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. 30 July 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  10. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 6 March 2017.
  11. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  12. ^ Treaty concerning the accession of the Kingdom of Spain and the Portuguese Republic to the European Economic Community and to the European Atomic Energy Community, November 15, 1985 Official Journal of the European Communities. Retrieved on 21 July 2017.
  13. ^ Díez, Anabel (7 April 1987). "Fernando Morán encabezará la candidatura del PSOE para el Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  14. ^ "Morán vuelve a ser el cabeza de lista del PSOE al Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. 9 February 1989. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  15. ^ González Ibáñez, Juan; Prieto, Joaquín (20 January 1989). "Manuel Fraga lanza hoy el Partido Popular como clave de la renovación del centro-derecha". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  16. ^ "Confirmada la entrada de Caso en la lista europea de los centristas". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. 28 April 1989. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  17. ^ Bayarri, Francesc (26 April 1987). "Gerardo Iglesias afirma que el Gobierno no conocía el impacto de la entrada de España en la CE". El País (in Spanish). Valencia. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  18. ^ "Ruiz-Mateos define su partido como democrático y constitucional". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. 8 May 1987. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  19. ^ "Pacheco, a Estrasburgo". El País (in Spanish). 21 September 1988. Retrieved 20 July 2017. 
  20. ^ Barbería, José Luis (7 November 1988). "Bandrés, candidato de Izquierda de los Pueblos para el Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). San Sebastián. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  21. ^ Galán, Lola (29 April 1987). "HB presenta al histórico de ETA 'Peixoto' en sus listas al Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  22. ^ Ruiz de Azúa, Victorino (12 March 1989). "Txema Montero encabezara la lista de HB al Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). Bilbao. Retrieved 20 July 2017. 
  23. ^ Etxarri, Tonia (30 April 1987). "Coalición electoral". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 July 2017. 
  24. ^ García, Rocío (26 April 1987). "Santiago Carrillo encabezará la lista de su partido al Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 20 July 2017. 
  25. ^ "Carrillo anuncia que su partido ira en solitario a las elecciones europeas". El País (in Spanish). Barcelona. 10 November 1988. Retrieved 20 July 2017. 
  26. ^ "Parlamento Europeo: Distribución de los Eurodiputados españoles en grupos parlamentarios". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 March 2017. 

External links[edit]