European Parliament election, 1994
This election saw the merge of the European People's Party and European Democrats, an increase in the overall number of seats (567 members were elected to the European Parliament) and a fall in overall turnout to 57%.
The five years which had passed since the previous election had seen enormous political upheavals in Europe. These changes included the End of Communism in Europe, German Reunification, the Dissolution of the Soviet Union, the Velvet Divorce in Czechoslovakia and the Breakup of Yugoslavia. The end of the Cold War meant three politically neutral states in Europe had begun a process of acceding to the EU that would culminate in the 1995 enlargement of the European Union. The EU itself had assumed its current name through adoption of the Treaty of Maastricht in 1993.
|European Parliament election, 1994 - Final results at 18-21 July 1994|
|PES||Social Democrats||Pauline Green||198|
|EPP||Conservatives and Christian Democrats||Wilfried Martens||157|
|ELDR||Liberals and Liberal Democrats||Gijs De Vries||43|
|EUL||Communists and the Far Left||Alonso José Puerta||28|
|FE||Conservatives and Christian Democrats||Giancarlo Ligabue||27|
|EDA||National Conservatives||Jean-Claude Pasty||26|
|ERA||Liberals and Liberal Democrats||Catherine Lalumière||19|
|NI||Independents||none||27||Total: 567||Sources: |
The members of the European Democrats had joined the European People's Party, some as associate members such as the British Conservatives who did not wish to subscribe to the EPP's pro-federalist position. Despite the merger the EPP failed one more to become the largest party, with the Party of European Socialists once more claiming victory with a 41-seat lead over the People's Party.
Elected in 1994 were Forza Italia, who formed their own short lived group, Forza Europa, before merging with the European Democratic Alliance a year after the election to become the Group Union for Europe. In addition to Forza Europa, another new group was founded following the fall of the European Right group: the Europe of Nations Group (Coordination Group) - the first Eurosceptic group in parliament, which lasted until 1996.
Results by country
The national results as at 9–12 June 1994 are as follows:
|European Parliament election, 1994 - Statistics|
|9, 12 June
|567||269,261,000||56.8%||1989||1995||All PR, except UK (not NI)
which used FPTP
|European Parliament election, 1994 - Timeline|
|Third Parliament||1994 Election||Regrouping||Fourth Parliament|
|Sources:   |
|European Parliament election, 1994 - Delegation at 19 July 1994|
|PES||Social Democrats||Germany 40, Belgium 6, Denmark 3, France 15, Ireland 1, Italy 18, Luxembourg 2, Netherlands 8, UK 63, Greece 10, Spain 22, Portugal 10||35%||198|
|EPP||Conservatives and Christian Democrats||Germany 47, Belgium 7, Denmark 3, France 13, Ireland 4, Italy 12, Luxembourg 2, Netherlands 10, UK 19, Greece 9, Spain 30, Portugal 1||28%||157|
|ELDR||Liberals and Liberal Democrats||Belgium 6, Denmark 5, France 1, Ireland 1, Italy 7, Luxembourg 1, Netherlands 10, UK 2, Spain 2, Portugal 8||8%||43|
|EUL||Communists and the Far Left||France 7, Italy 5, Greece 4, Spain 9, Portugal 3||5%||28|
|NI||Independents||Belgium 3, France 11, Italy 12, UK 1||5%||27|
|FE||Conservatives and Christian Democrats||Italy 27||5%||27|
|EDA||National Conservatives||France 14, Ireland 7, Greece 2, Portugal 3||5%||26|
|G||Greens||Germany 12, Belgium 2, Denmark 1, Ireland 2, Italy 4, Luxembourg 1, Netherlands 1||4%||23|
|ERA||Liberals and Liberal Democrats||Belgium 1, France 13, Italy 2, UK 2, Spain 1||3%||19|
|EN||Eurosceptics||Denmark 4, France 13, Netherlands 2||3%||19|
|Sources:     ||100%||567|
The number of seats was changed to accommodate Austria, Finland and Sweden who were joining the following year, holding elections then. They were granted 21,16 and 22 seats respectively. The total number of seats increased from 518 to 567.
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