European Parliament election, 1994 (Italy)
87 seats to the European Parliament
European election results map. Blue denotes provinces with a Forza Italia plurality, Red denotes those with a Democratic Party of the Left plurality, Yellow denotes provinces with a People's Party plurality, Brown and Gray and denotes those with an Autonomist plurality.
It was the first continental election after the scandal of Tangentopoli which destroyed the traditional republican parties of Italy: consequently, all new parties contested the race.
The pure party-list proportional representation was the traditional electoral system of the Italian Republic since its foundation in 1946, so it had been adopted to elect the Italian representatives to the European Parliament too. Two levels were used: a national level to divide seats between parties, and a constituency level to distribute them between candidates. Italian regions were united in 5 constituencies, each electing a group of deputies. At national level, seats were divided between party lists using the largest remainder method with Hare quota. All seats gained by each party were automatically distributed to their local open lists and their most voted candidates.
The new party Forza Italia (FI), led by the Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, won the election with 30.6% of the vote and 27 seats. The second party was the Democratic Party of the Left (PDS), heir of the Italian Communist Party (PCI), that gained 19.1% of the vote and 16 seats, while the third party was National Alliance (AN), heir of the Italian Social Movement (MSI), that gained 12.5% of the vote and 11 seats. The Italian People's Party (PPI), heir of Christian Democracy (DC), gained only 10.0% of the vote and 8 seats.
|National party||European group||Main candidate||Votes||%||+/–||Seats||+/–|
|Forza Italia||FE||Silvio Berlusconi||10,089,139||30.62||New||27||New|
|Democratic Party of the Left||PES||Achille Occhetto||6,281,354||19.06||8.52||16||6|
|National Alliance||NI||Gianfranco Fini||4,108,670||12.47||6.96||11||7|
|Italian People's Party||EPP||Carlo Casini||3,295,337||10.00||22.90||8||18|
|Northern League||ELDR||Umberto Bossi||2,162,586||6.56||4.73||6||4|
|Communist Refoundation Party||EUL||Fausto Bertinotti||2,004,716||6.08||New||5||New|
|Segni Pact||EPP||Mariotto Segni||1,073,095||3.26||New||3||New|
|Federation of the Greens||G||Carlo Ripa di Meana||1,055,797||3.20||2.97||3||2|
|Pannella List||ERA||Marco Pannella||702,717||2.13||0.89||2||1|
|Italian Socialist Party – Democratic Alliance||PES||Elena Marinucci||606,538||1.84||12.96||2||10|
|The Network||G||Leoluca Orlando||366,258||1.11||New||1||New|
|Italian Republican Party||ELDR||Giorgio La Malfa||242,786||0.74||–||1||2|
|Italian Democratic Socialist Party||NI||Enrico Ferri||227,439||0.69||2.03||1||1|
|Southern Action League||None||224,033||0.67||New||0||New|
|South Tyrolean People's Party||EPP||Michl Ebner||202,668||0.62||0.12||1||0|
|Lombard Alpine League||None||110,458||0.34||New||0||New|
|Federation of Liberals||None||53,983||0.16||–||0||0|
|Blank and invalid votes||2,753,484|
|Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout||48,461,792||73.60||7.47|
|Source: Ministry of the Interior|
- List connected with the Italian People's Party