European Parliament election, 2009 (Spain)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
European Parliament election in Spain, 2009
Spain
← 2004 7 June 2009 2014 →

All 54[a] Spanish seats in the European Parliament
Registered 35,492,567 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2.3%
Turnout 15,935,147 (44.9%)
Red Arrow Down.svg0.2 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Jaime Mayor Oreja 2015b (cropped).jpg Juan Fernando López Aguilar (cropped B).jpg Ramon Tremosa 2014 (cropped).jpg
Leader Jaime Mayor Oreja Juan Fernando López Aguilar Ramon Tremosa
Party PP PSOE CEU
Alliance EPP S&D ALDE
Leader since 22 April 2004 22 November 2008 24 January 2009
Leader's seat Spain Spain Spain
Last election 24 seats, 41.2% 25 seats, 43.5% 2 seats, 5.2%
Seats won 24 23 3
Seat change Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 Red Arrow Down.svg2 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1
Popular vote 6,670,377 6,141,784 808,246
Percentage 42.1% 38.8% 5.1%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.9 pp Red Arrow Down.svg4.7 pp Red Arrow Down.svg0.1 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Willy Meyer 2014 (cropped).jpg Sosa Wagner.jpg Oriol Junqueras 2012 (cropped).jpg
Leader Willy Meyer Francisco Sosa Wagner Oriol Junqueras
Party IU–ICV UPyD EdP–V
Alliance GUE/NGL NI Greens–EFA
Leader since 8 May 2004 3 September 2008 21 February 2009
Leader's seat Spain Spain Spain
Last election 2 seats, 4.1% Did not contest 1 seat, 3.4%
Seats won 2 1 1
Seat change Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
Popular vote 588,248 451,866 394,938
Percentage 3.7% 2.9% 2.5%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg0.4 pp New party Red Arrow Down.svg0.9 pp

SpainProvinceMapEuropean2009.png
Provincial results map for the European Parliament in Spain

The 2009 European Parliament election in Spain was held on Sunday, 7 June 2009, as part of the European-wide election to elect the 7th European Parliament. All 50 seats allocated to Spain as per the Treaty of Nice—54 after the Treaty of Lisbon came into force on 1 December 2011—were up for election.

Electoral system[edit]

The 50 members of the European Parliament allocated to Spain as per the Treaty of Nice[a] were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with no threshold being applied in order to be entitled to enter seat distribution. However, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold depending on the district magnitude.[1] Seats were allocated to a single multi-member constituency comprising the entire national territory. Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals and resident non-national European citizens over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights.[2][3][4]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, they were required to secure at least the signature of 15,000 electors entered in electoral register. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Parties, federations and coalitions were allowed to replace this requirement with the signature of at least 50 elected officials—deputies, senators, MEPs or members from the legislative assemblies of autonomous communities or from local city councils—. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days from the election call.[2][3]

Parties and leaders[edit]

Parties and coalitions Composition Ideology Candidate
People's Party (PP) Liberal conservatism Jaime Mayor Oreja[5][6]
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) Social democracy Juan Fernando López Aguilar[7]
Coalition for Europe (CEU) Peripheral nationalism Ramon Tremosa[8][9]
United LeftInitiative for Catalonia Greens: The Left (IU–ICV) Democratic socialism Willy Meyer[10][11]
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) Social liberalism Francisco Sosa Wagner[12]
Europe of the Peoples–Greens (EdP–V) Peripheral nationalism Oriol Junqueras[13]
Internationalist Initiative–Solidarity between Peoples (II–SP) Revolutionary socialism Alfonso Sastre
The Greens–European Green Group (LV–GVE) Green politics Kristien Lesage

Results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 7 June 2009 European Parliament election results in Spain
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP)1 6,670,377 42.12 +0.91 24 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 6,141,784 38.78 –4.68 23 –2
Coalition for Europe (CEU)1 2 808,246 5.10 –0.12 3 +1
United LeftInitiative for Catalonia Greens: The Left (IU–ICV) 588,248 3.71 –0.44 2 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 451,866 2.85 New 1 +1
Europe of the Peoples–Greens (EdP–V)3 394,938 2.49 –0.95 1 ±0
Internationalist Initiative–Solidarity between Peoples (II–SP) 178,121 1.12 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 220,471 1.39 +0.78
Total1 15,835,767 100.00 54 ±0
Valid votes 15,835,767 99.38 +0.36
Invalid votes 99,380 0.62 –0.36
Votes cast / turnout 15,935,147 44.90 –0.24
Abstentions 19,557,420 55.10 +0.24
Registered voters 35,492,567
Sources[14][15]
Popular vote
PP
42.12%
PSOE
38.78%
CEU
5.10%
IU–ICV
3.71%
UPyD
2.85%
EdP–V
2.49%
II–SP
1.12%
Others
2.41%
Blank ballots
1.39%
Seats
PP
44.44%
PSOE
42.59%
CEU
5.56%
IU–ICV
3.70%
UPyD
1.85%
EdP–V
1.85%

Distribution by European group[edit]

Summary of political group distribution in the 7th European Parliament (2009–2014)[16]
Groups Parties Seats Total  %
European People's Party (EPP) 24
1
25 46.30
Party of European Socialists (PES) 23 23 42.59
The Greens–European Free Alliance (Greens–EFA) 1
1
2 3.70
European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR) 1
1
2 3.70
European United Left–Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL) 1 1 1.85
Non-Inscrits (NI) 1 1 1.85
Total 54 54 100.00

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Note that, once the Treaty of Lisbon came into force on 1 December 2011, Spain's MEP delegation was increased from 50 to 54 and applied retroactively.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  2. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 6 March 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  4. ^ Treaty of Nice amending the Treaty on European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts, 10 March 2001 Official Journal of the European Communities. Retrieved on 21 July 2017.
  5. ^ Marcos, Pilar (23 April 2004). "El PP designa a Mayor para que encabece su lista en las elecciones al Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 21 July 2017. 
  6. ^ Ximénez de Sandoval, Pablo (5 January 2009). "Rajoy deja en manos del PP más duro la campaña de las europeas". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  7. ^ "López Aguilar hace campaña por las europeas mientras el PP sigue sin candidato". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). 22 November 2008. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  8. ^ Foguet, Joan (13 January 2009). "Mas sustituye a Guardans por un soberanista en las listas europeas". El País (in Spanish). Barcelona. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  9. ^ "CDC ratifica a Tremosa con la abstención de Guardans". El País (in Spanish). Barcelona. 25 January 2009. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  10. ^ Agencias (8 May 2004). "Willy Meyer será el candidato de IU a las elecciones europeas". Cadena SER (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 21 July 2017. 
  11. ^ Agencia EFE (21 February 2009). "La dirección de IU proclama a Willy Meyer como cabeza de lista para las europeas". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  12. ^ "Sosa Wagner encabezará la candidatura europea de UPyD, el partido de Rosa Díez". La Nueva España (in Spanish). Oviedo. 3 September 2008. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  13. ^ Cazorla, Bertran (22 February 2009). "ERC aprueba la candidatura europea de Junqueras". El País (in Spanish). Barcelona. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  14. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. European Parliament. June 2009. National totals". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  15. ^ "European election 7 June 2009". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  16. ^ "Parlamento Europeo: Distribución de los Eurodiputados españoles en grupos parlamentarios". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 March 2017. 

External links[edit]