European Republicans Movement

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European Republicans Movement

Movimento Repubblicani Europei
Former leadersLuciana Sbarbati,
Adriano Musi
Founded6 March 2001
Dissolved28 February 2011
Split fromItalian Republican Party
Merged intoItalian Republican Party
Headquartersvia IV Novembre, 107-108
00187 Rome
Newspapernone
Membership (2006)2,600[1]
IdeologySocial liberalism[2]
National affiliationThe Olive Tree (2001–2007)
The Union (2005–2008)
Democratic Party (2007–2010)
European affiliationEuropean Liberal Democrat and Reform Party
International affiliationnone
Website
http://www.repubblicanieuropei.org/

The European Republicans Movement (Italian: Movimento Repubblicani Europei, MRE) was a tiny social-liberal political party in Italy.

From 2007 to 2010 the party was a founding member and associate party of the Democratic Party, the leading centre-left party of the country. In 2011 the MRE was merged into the Italian Republican Party, the party from which it seceded in 2001. The MRE was a member of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR)[3] and its long-standing leader was Luciana Sbarbati.

History[edit]

In 2001 the Italian Republican Party (PRI), after five years within the centre-left coalition The Olive Tree, decided to join the centre-right House of Freedoms. The MRE was formed by those Republicans who refused such decision and wanted to remain in the centre-left. The MRE took part to the consolidation of The Olive Tree as a joint electoral list both for the 2004 European Parliament election and the 2006 general election, along with the Democrats of the Left and Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy. The list won 220 out of 630 deputies (including two Republicans, Luciana Sbarbati and Adriano Musi) as part of The Union.

In 2007 the MRE was a founding member of the Democratic Party (PD), but continued to exist as associate party and retained almost entirely its autonomy. In the 2008 general election Sbarbati and Musi were elected to the Senate and often distinguished themselves from Democrats in key votes. Notably they opposed European Parliament electoral law reform in 2009.[4]

The common battle against electoral reform favoured a reconciliation with the PRI. During the 2009 congress of the MRE the two parties signed a joint declaration, under the declaration, despite their different coalition allegiances, they pledged to join forces on key issues, especially civil liberties and freedom of research.[5][6]

In April 2010 Sbarbati led the MRE out of the PD and joined the group of the Union of the Centre (UdC) in the Senate.[7] As of January 2011 the party tried a reconciliation with the PRI, which was reached in March 2011.[8][9]

Leadership[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-08-17. Retrieved 2007-04-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2006). "Italy". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 10 October 2007. Retrieved 20 April 2019.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
  3. ^ http://members.eldr.eu/index.php?id=4&no_cache=1&tx_eldr_pi1[countryId]=9
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2009-02-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-11. Retrieved 2013-04-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved March 4, 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-01. Retrieved 2010-04-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "La conferenza stampa Nucara-Sbarbati/E' stato superato il tripartito delle divisioni post congresso di Bari". Pri.it. Archived from the original on 2013-11-11. Retrieved 2014-07-15.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved March 4, 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]