European Rowing Championships

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European Rowing Championships
Statusactive
Genresports event
Date(s)midyear
Frequencyannual
Inaugurated1893
Organised byFISA

The European Rowing Championships is an international Rowing regatta organised by FISA (the International Rowing Federation) for European rowing nations, plus Israel which, though not a member of the European federation is treated as a European nation for competition purposes.[1]

The championships date back to 1893, the year after FISA was founded. Over time, the competition grew in status and as it was not restricted to European countries, became regarded as the quasi-world championships. The World Rowing Championships were commenced in 1962 and the last European Championships were held in 1973 as from 1974, the World Championships became an annual event. The European Championships were re-introduced in 2007 but with a narrower focus on Europe.

History[edit]

The first regatta held as a European Rowing Championships was held in 1893 and these continued annually until 1913; the 1914 to 1919 events did not occur due to World War I. The annual schedule was next interrupted in 1928 when the Amsterdam Olympics were regarded as a replacement event; the 1920 Antwerp Olympics or the 1924 Paris Olympics had previously not been a reason for skipping the European Championships. The next time the Olympics were held in Europe, i.e. the 1936 Berlin Olympics, again saw the European Championships skipped. World War II saw the 1939 to 1946 regattas cancelled. The next European event was held in 1947, with subsequent years skipped due to Europe-based Olympics in 1948 (London) and 1952 (Helsinki).

The 1951 European Rowing Championships is notable as the first test event for international women's rowing organised by the International Rowing Federation (FISA). Regattas continued under that name until 1973. From 1962, the event was replaced (one year in four) by the World Rowing Championships, which then became an annual event from 1974. Women's events were introduced in 1954, the first international races for women,[2][3] but even then men's and women's events were held on different days, and in some years at different venues.

On 27 May 2006 the FISA members voted to re-introduce a separate European Rowing Championships in its own right.

In the first regatta there were only three events (men's single, coxed four and eight) and only ten entries. Races were 3,000 m long, except for singles – which were only 2,000 m. Coxed pair was first raced in the following year and double scull was added in 1898. Coxless pair was added in 1924 and coxless four was added the year after.[4] The next change after that was the inclusion of women's rowing.

In 2007, when the European Rowing Championship was re-introduced, there were 14 Olympic boat classes racing over 2,000m. Historically the leading European nations, notably Great Britain and Germany, had taken a haphazard approach to attending the championships. Following the 2012 Summer Olympics, however, both fully committed to the event going forward, and from that date, the championships have progressed rapidly to represent one of the key events in world rowing; given the historic and modern strength of European rowing, they rank behind only the Olympic Games, World Championships and World Cup Series. In Olympic years, when World Championships are not held, they provide a key test ahead of the Olympic regatta, in addition to a significant competitive opportunity in their own right.

In 2015, European Rowing announced that the 2018 edition of the championships would form part of the first European Championships, a co-branded multi-sport event organised by, and consisting of the European championships of, the individual European sports federations.

Editions[edit]

The first regatta held as a European Rowing Championships was held in 1893. [5] [6] [7] [8] [a]

Edition Year Host City Country Events
1 1893 Lake Orta  Italy 3
2 1894 Mâcon  France 4
3 1895 Ostend  Belgium 4
4 1896 Geneva   Switzerland 4
5 1897 Pallanza  Italy 4
6 1898 Turin  Italy 5
7 1899 Ostend  Belgium 5
8 1900 Paris  France 5
9 1901 Zürich   Switzerland 5
10 1902 Strasbourg  Germany 5
11 1903 Venice  Italy 5
12 1904 Paris  France 5
13 1905 Ghent  Belgium 5
14 1906 Pallanza  Italy 5
15 1907 Rhine  Germany 5
16 1908 Lucerne   Switzerland 5
17 1909 Paris  France 5
18 1910 Ostend  Belgium 5
19 1911 Como  Italy 5
20 1912 Geneva   Switzerland 5
21 1913 Ghent  Belgium 5
1914–1919 not held because of World War I
22 1920 Mâcon  France 5
23 1921 Amstel  Netherlands 5
24 1922 Barcelona  Spain 5
25 1923 Como  Italy 5
26 1924 Zürich   Switzerland 6
27 1925 Prague  Czechoslovakia 7
28 1926 Lucerne   Switzerland 7
29 1927 Como  Italy 7
30 1929 Bydgoszcz  Poland 7
31 1930 Liège  Belgium 7
32 1931 Paris  France 7
33 1932 Belgrade  Yugoslavia 7
34 1933 Budapest  Hungary 7
35 1934 Lucerne   Switzerland 7
36 1935 Berlin  Germany 7
37 1937 Amsterdam  Netherlands 7
38 1938 Milan  Italy 7
1939–1946 not held because of World War II
39 1947 Lucerne   Switzerland 7
40 1949 Amsterdam  Netherlands 7
41 1950 Milan  Italy 7
42 1951 Mâcon  France 7
43 1953 Copenhagen  Denmark 7
44 1954 Amsterdam  Netherlands 12
45 1955 Bucharest/Ghent  Romania/ Belgium 12
46 1956 Bled  Yugoslavia 12
47 1957 Duisburg  West Germany 12
48 1958 Poznań  Poland 12
49 1959 Mâcon  France 12
50 1960 London  United Kingdom 5
Edition Year Host City Country Events
51 1961 Prague  Czechoslovakia 12
52 1962 East Berlin  East Germany 5
53 1963 Copenhagen/Moscow  Denmark/ Soviet Union 12
54 1964 Amsterdam  Netherlands 12
55 1965 Duisburg  West Germany 12
56 1966 Amsterdam  Netherlands 5
57 1967 Vichy  France 12
58 1968 East Berlin  East Germany 5
59 1969 Klagenfurt  Austria 12
60 1970 Tata  Hungary 5
61 1971 Copenhagen  Denmark 12
62 1972 Brandenburg  East Germany 5
63 1973 Moscow  Soviet Union 12
1974–2006 not held because of World Rowing Championships
64 2007 Poznań  Poland 14
65 2008 Marathon  Greece 14
66 2009 Brest  Belarus 14
67 2010 Montemor-o-Velho  Portugal 22
68 2011 Plovdiv  Bulgaria 14
69 2012 Varese  Italy 14
70 2013 Seville  Spain 17
71 2014 Belgrade  Serbia 17
72 2015 Poznań  Poland 17
73 2016 Brandenburg  Germany 17
74 2017 Račice  Czech Republic 18
75 2018 Glasgow  United Kingdom 17
76 2019 Lucerne   Switzerland 17

All time medal table (2007–2019)[citation needed][edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Germany25231765
2 Italy21192161
3 Romania21111244
4 Greece207128
5 Great Britain14161545
6 Czech Republic13101134
7 France1281131
8 Ukraine1041327
9 Poland9241245
10 Belarus97925
11 Lithuania86216
12  Switzerland741021
13 Netherlands6211643
14 Russia691025
15 Croatia64515
16 Estonia4318
17 Serbia371020
18 Denmark36110
19 Hungary3126
20 Austria2417
21 Ireland2327
22 Norway2169
23 Portugal1326
24 Sweden1225
25 Slovakia1214
26 Spain1157
27 Bulgaria1023
28 Belgium0145
29 Azerbaijan0101
 Finland0101
 Latvia0101
32 Slovenia0033
Totals (32 nations)211210207628

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2018 Edition Part of the European Championships
  1. ^ "2015 European Rowing Championships / Event information - worldrowing.com".
  2. ^ "Women in rowing". World Rowing. 23 February 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  3. ^ "Start ohne "Schallvorteile"". Neues Deutschland (in German). 17 (186). 9 July 1962. p. 3. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  4. ^ "Antworten auf Anfragen aus unserem Leserkreis" [Answers to inquiries from our readers] (PDF). R.C.B. Nachrichten (in German). Bern. 1 (6): 6–7. October–December 1932. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  5. ^ Part sourced from the official programme of the European Rowing Championships 2017, 26–28 May 2017, Račice, Czech Republic
  6. ^ "World Rowing Cups for 2015 and 2016 to fit in with Rio Olympic preparations, FISA announce".
  7. ^ "Event Notes: Brandenburg, Germany To Host 2016 European Rowing Championships".
  8. ^ "Rowing joins the innovative European Sports Championships". worldrowing.com. 26 March 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2015.

External links[edit]