European Rowing Championships
The European Rowing Championships is an international Rowing regatta organised by FISA (the International Rowing Federation) for European rowing nations, plus Israel which, though not a member of the European federation is treated as a European nation for competition purposes.
The championships date back to 1893, the year after FISA was founded. Over time, the competition grew in status and as it was not restricted to European countries, became regarded as the quasi-world championships. The World Rowing Championships were commenced in 1962 and the last European Championships were held in 1973 as from 1974, the World Championships became an annual event. The European Championships were re-introduced in 2007 but with a narrower focus on Europe.
The first regatta held as a European Rowing Championships was held in 1893 and these continued annually until 1913; the 1914 to 1919 events did not occur due to World War I. The annual schedule was next interrupted in 1928 when the Amsterdam Olympics were regarded as a replacement event; the 1920 Antwerp Olympics or the 1924 Paris Olympics had previously not been a reason for skipping the European Championships. The next time the Olympics were held in Europe, i.e. the 1936 Berlin Olympics, again saw the European Championships skipped. World War II saw the 1939 to 1946 regattas cancelled. The next European event was held in 1947, with subsequent years skipped due to Europe-based Olympics in 1948 (London) and 1952 (Helsinki).
The 1951 European Rowing Championships is notable as the first test event for international women's rowing organised by the International Rowing Federation (FISA). Regattas continued under that name until 1973. From 1962, the event was replaced (one year in four) by the World Rowing Championships, which then became an annual event from 1974. Women's events were introduced in 1954, the first international races for women, but even then men's and women's events were held on different days, and in some years at different venues.
On 27 May 2006 the FISA members voted to re-introduce a separate European Rowing Championships in its own right.
In the first regatta there were only three events (men's single, coxed four and eight) and only ten entries. Races were 3,000 m long, except for singles – which were only 2,000 m. Coxed pair was first raced in the following year and double scull was added in 1898. Coxless pair was added in 1924 and coxless four was added the year after. The next change after that was the inclusion of women's rowing.
In 2007, when the European Rowing Championship was re-introduced, there were 14 Olympic boat classes racing over 2,000m. Historically the leading European nations, notably Great Britain and Germany, had taken a haphazard approach to attending the championships. Following the 2012 Summer Olympics, however, both fully committed to the event going forward, and from that date, the championships have progressed rapidly to represent one of the key events in world rowing; given the historic and modern strength of European rowing, they rank behind only the Olympic Games, World Championships and World Cup Series. In Olympic years, when World Championships are not held, they provide a key test ahead of the Olympic regatta, in addition to a significant competitive opportunity in their own right.
In 2015, European Rowing announced that the 2018 edition of the championships would form part of the first European Championships, a co-branded multi-sport event organised by, and consisting of the European championships of, the individual European sports federations.
- 1893 Lake Orta, Italy
- 1894 Mâcon, France
- 1895 Ostend, Belgium
- 1896 Geneva, Switzerland
- 1897 Pallanza, Italy
- 1898 Turin, Italy
- 1899 Ostend, Belgium
- 1900 Paris, France
- 1901 Zürich, Switzerland
- 1902 Strasbourg, German Empire
- 1903 Venice, Italy
- 1904 Paris, France
- 1905 Ghent, Belgium
- 1906 Pallanza, Italy
- 1907 Strasbourg or Kehl, German Empire
- 1908 Lake Lucerne, Lucerne, Switzerland
- 1909 Paris, France
- 1910 Ostend, Belgium
- 1911 Como, Italy
- 1912 Geneva, Switzerland
- 1913 Ghent, Belgium, Ghent–Terneuzen Canal
- 1914–1919 Not held because of World War I
- 1920 Mâcon, France
- 1921 Amstel, Amsterdam, Netherlands
- 1922 Barcelona, Spain
- 1923 Como, Italy
- 1924 Zürich, Switzerland
- 1925 Prague, Czechoslovakia
- 1926 Lake Lucerne, Lucerne, Switzerland
- 1927 Como, Italy
- 1929 Bydgoszcz, Poland
- 1930 Liège, Belgium
- 1931 Paris, France
- 1932 Belgrade, Yugoslavia
- 1933 Budapest, Hungary
- 1934 Rotsee, Lucerne, Switzerland
- 1935 Berlin, Germany
- 1937 Amsterdam, Netherlands
- 1938 Milan, Italy
- 1939–1946 Not held because of World War II
- 1947 Lucerne, Switzerland
- 1949 Amsterdam, Netherlands
- 1950 Milan, Italy
- 1951 Mâcon, France
- 1953 Copenhagen, Denmark
- 1954 Bosbaan, Amsterdam, Netherlands
- 1956 Bled, Slovenia, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
- 1957 Duisburg, North Rhine-Westphalia, West Germany
- 1958 Poznań, Poland
- 1959 Mâcon, France
- 1960 (Women's events) Welsh Harp, Willesden, London, England, UK
- 1961 Prague, Czechoslovakia
- 1962 (Women's events) East Berlin, East Germany
- 1964 Bosbaan, Amsterdam, Netherlands
- 1965 Duisburg, North Rhine-Westphalia, West Germany
- 1966 (Women's events) Bosbaan, Amsterdam, Netherlands
- 1967 Vichy, France
- 1968 (Women's events) East Berlin, Germany
- 1969 Klagenfurt, Carinthia, Austria
- 1970 (Women's events) Tata, Hungary
- 1971 Copenhagen, Denmark
- 1972 (Women's events) Brandenburg, East Germany
- 1973 Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Venues (since 2007)
Medal table (2007–2017)
|Totals (32 nations)||178||178||174||530|
- Part of the European Championships
- "2015 European Rowing Championships / Event information - worldrowing.com".
- "Women in rowing". World Rowing. 23 February 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- "Start ohne "Schallvorteile"". Neues Deutschland (in German). 17 (186). 9 July 1962. p. 3. Retrieved 11 January 2018. (Registration required (help)).
- "Antworten auf Anfragen aus unserem Leserkreis" [Answers to inquiries from our readers] (PDF). R.C.B. Nachrichten (in German). Bern. 1 (6): 6–7. October–December 1932. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
- Part sourced from the official programme of the European Rowing Championships 2017, 26–28 May 2017, Račice, Czech Republic
- "World Rowing Cups for 2015 and 2016 to fit in with Rio Olympic preparations, FISA announce".
- "Event Notes: Brandenburg, Germany To Host 2016 European Rowing Championships".
- "Rowing joins the innovative European Sports Championships". worldrowing.com. 26 March 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
Media related to European Rowing Championships at Wikimedia Commons