European Russia

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For other uses, see Central Russia (disambiguation).
Russia in Europe and Asia.
Ethnic map of European Russian Empire prior to the outbreak of the World War I.

The term "European Russia" was used in the Russian Empire to refer to traditional East Slavic territories under Russian control, including what is now Belarus and most of Ukraine (Dnieper Ukraine).[citation needed]

Russia is not proportionately populated between the smaller western (European Russia, Western Russia or Central Russia) portion of the country that is considered part of Europe and the larger eastern portion that is part of Asia. This part of Russia contains about 77% of the country's population (110,000,000 people out of a circa 143,000,000) in an area comprising roughly 3,960,000 square kilometres (1,528,560 mi2); an average of 27 persons per km2 (69.9 per mi2).[1]:6[1]:10 This territory makes up 38% of Europe. Its eastern border is defined by the Ural Mountains and in the south, it is defined by the border with Kazakhstan. This area includes Moscow and Saint Petersburg, the two largest cities in Russia.

The eastern portion of Russia is part of Asia and makes up 75% of the territory with 22% of the country's population at 2.5 persons per km2 (6.5 per mi2).[1]:6

Administrative alignment[edit]

Administrative districts (on a large scale called Federal Districts) do not exactly line up with European Russia, but they are decent approximations, depending on exactly how Europe is defined. There are two major trends, one to use administrative divisions north of the terminus of the Ural River, and one to draw an imaginary line from the Ural River, through the city of Yekaterinburg.

The following administrative districts are overwhelmingly European:

Map of Russian districts, 2014-03-21.svg
Name of district Area
(km²)
2015 Population
Population Density Continent Notes
Central Federal District 652,800 38,944,837 59.658 Europe
Southern Federal District 418,500 14,005,541 33.46 Europe
Northwestern Federal District 1,677,900 13,847,170 8.25 Europe*
Volga Federal District 1,038,000 29,717,813 28.63 Predominantly Europe*
North Caucasian Federal District 170,700 9,659,070 56.58 Europe
Crimean Federal District[2][3] 26,100 2,294,110 87.90 Europe
Sum of 6 Fed Disticts (see notes) 3,984,000 108,468,541 27.22 Predominantly Europe*
Ural Federal District 1,788,900 12,276,228 6.86 Mostly Asia*

Sources: Population: Jan 1, 2015 Estimate, Federal State Statistics Service Russia (xls)

Notes:

  • Sum of 6 Federal Districts does not account for the following:
    • Volga Federal District has 4 raions entirely in Asia, 1 mostly Asia, 1 bisected, 2 cities bisected, 1 settlement fully in Asia, which sum to 280,000 people and 30,000 km² in Asia (as defined by the Ural River)
    • Ural Federal District has roughly 200,000 people and 1,700 km² in Europe (West of the Ural River). If an imaginary line is extended from the end of the Ural River towards Yekaterinburg, where Europe/Asia divider signs exist, some very roughly 1.7 million people in the Federal District would be deemed "in Europe".
    • Similarly, the same imaginary line if straight, could include parts of very sparsely populated Northwestern Federal District, but this is commonly ignored.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Vishnevsky, Anatoly (15 August 2000). "Replacement Migration: Is it a solution for Russia?" (PDF). EXPERT GROUP MEETING ON POLICY RESPONSES TO POPULATION AGEING AND POPULATION DECLINE /UN/POP/PRA/2000/14. United Nations Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. pp. 6, 10. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 
  2. ^ Putin signs set of laws on reunification of Crimea, Sevastopol with Russia
  3. ^ Recognized as a part of Ukraine by most of the international community

Coordinates: 55°N 40°E / 55°N 40°E / 55; 40