Directive 2011/77/EU on the term of protection of copyright
Directive 2011/77/EU on the term of protection of copyright and certain related rights amended Directive 2006/116/EC and extended copyright terms of recordings from 50 to 70 years. It was passed by the Council of the European Union on 12 September 2011 after the European Parliament passed it on 23 April 2009 establishing a term of 70 years, lower than the 95 years the European Union Commission had proposed on 16 July 2008.
Purpose of the extension
The stated purpose of the extension of the recording copyright term is to "bring performers' protection more in line with that already given to authors - 70 years after their death." The term in Directive 2006/116/EC is 50 years after publishing the performance, or 50 years after the performance if it is not published.
Argument for the proposal
The Impact of Copyright Extension for Sound Recordings in the UK (cited by the European Commission) suggested that the extension to 95 years would increase revenue by £2.2 million to £34.9 million in present value terms over the next ten year. It also suggested that there would "prices of in-copyright and out-of-copyright sound recordings are not significantly different" so that consumers would not be impacted. 
Argument against the proposal
The Gowers review of Intellectual Property stated that "is not clear that extension of term would benefit musicians and performers very much in practice."
A article written by Dutch academics and published in the European Intellectual Property Review, Never Forever: Why Extending the Term of Protection for Sound Recording is a Bad Idea, concluded that the arguments for copyright extension were not convincing.
- Copyright Term Extension Act (United States)
- Directive 2011/77/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 September 2011 amending Directive 2006/116/EC on the term of protection of copyright and certain related rights.
- "European Commission - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - Brussels, 12 September 2011 New rules on term of protection of music recordings". europa.eu. Retrieved 2016-02-20.
- EUROPA - Press Releases - Commission welcomes Parliament vote on copyright term
- EUROPA - Press Releases - Intellectual Property: Commission adopts forward-looking package
- http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32006L0116:EN:NOT Article 3.1
- EUROPA - Press Releases - Commission Proposal on a Directive for Term Extension – Frequently Asked Questions (see , IP/08/1156)
- Price Waterhouse (2006). "The Impact of Copyright Extension for Sound Recordings in the UK" (PDF). (report commissioned by the BPI). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-10-06.
- Gowers Review of Intellectual Property "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-07. Retrieved 2010-04-07. Andrew Gowers The Gowers Review of Intellectual Property pg 50 section 4.29
- Helberger, Natali; Dufft, Nicole; Van Gompel, Stef; Hugenholtz, Bernt. "Never Forever: Why Extending the Term of Protection for Sound Recording is a Bad Idea" (PDF). Institute for Information Law, University of Amsterdam.
- EC Term of Protection Page
- Directive 2011/77/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 September 2011 amending Directive 2006/116/EC on the term of protection of copyright and certain related rights