European Union free trade agreements

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EU Free trade agreements

The European Union has concluded free trade agreements (FTAs)[1] and other agreements with a trade component with many countries world-wide and is negotiating with many others.[2]

Free trade agreements in force[edit]

State Signed Provisional
Application
In Force Notes Relations
 Albania 2006 2006[a] 2009[3] SAA Candidate for EU accession
 Algeria 2002 2005[4] Euro-mediterranean AA
 Andorra 1990 1991[5] Customs Union Andorra–EU relations
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2008 2008[a] 2015[6] SAA Potential candidate for EU accession
 Chile 2002 2003 2005[7] AA[8]
 Egypt 2001 2004[9] Euro-mediterranean AA
 Faroe Islands 1996 1997[10] autonomous entity of Denmark Faroe Islands-EU relations
 Iceland 1992 1994[11] EEA Negotiating for EU accession
 Israel 1995 1996[a][12] 2000[13] Euro-Mediterranean AA Israel–EU relations
 Jordan 1997 2002[14] Euro-Mediterranean AA Jordan–EU relations
 Lebanon 2002 2006[15] Euro-Mediterranean AA Lebanon–EU relations
 Liechtenstein 1992 1995[11] EEA Liechtenstein–EU relations
 Republic of Macedonia 2001 2001[a] 2004[16] SAA Candidate for EU accession
 Mexico 1997 2000[17] FTA[18][19] Mexico–EU relations
 Monaco 1958 Franco-Monegasque Treaty
 Montenegro 2007 2008[a] 2010[20] SAA Negotiating for EU accession
 Morocco 1996 2000[21] Euro-Mediterranean AA Morocco–EU relations
 Norway 1992 1994[11] EEA Norway–EU relations
 Palestinian Authority 1997 1997[22] Euro-Mediterranean AA Palestine–EU relations
 San Marino 1991 1992[b] 2002[23] Customs Union San Marino–EU relations
 Serbia 2008 2010[a] 2013[24] SAA Negotiating for EU accession
 South Africa 1999 2000[25] 2004[26] ATDC[c] South Africa–EU relations
 South Korea 2010 2011 2015[27] FTA[28] South Korea–EU relations
  Switzerland 1972
1999
1973[29]
2002[30]
Trade agreement
Bilateral I agreements
Switzerland–EU relations
 Tunisia 1995 1998[31] Euro-Mediterranean AA
 Turkey 1995[d] 1995[32] Customs Union Negotiating for EU accession

Agreements provisionally applied[edit]

State Signed Provisional
Application
Ratification Notes Relations
CARIFORUM States 2008 2008
27 / 43
[33]
EPA
 Cameroon[e] 2009 2014
14 / 29
[34]
Interim agreement with a view to an EPA
Central America
* Costa Rica
* Guatemala
* Honduras
* Nicaragua
* Panama
* El Salvador
2012 2013
22 / 34
[35]
AA
 Colombia
 Peru
2012[36] 2013
26 / 30
[37]
FTA[38]
ESAS[f]
* Comoros[g]
* Madagascar
* Mozambique[h]
* Mauritius
* Seychelles
* Zambia[g]
* Zimbabwe
2009 2012
2 / 34
[39]
Interim Agreement for establishing a framework for an EPA
 Georgia 2014 2014
29 / 31
[40]
AA & DCFTA Georgia–EU relations
 Iraq 2012 2012
20 / 29
[41]
PCA
 Moldova 2014 2014
29 / 31
[42]
AA & DCFTA Moldova–EU relations
 Ukraine 2014 2016
28 / 31
[43][44]
AA incl DCFTA Ukraine–EU relations

Signed but not applied[edit]

State Signed Provisional
Application
Ratification Notes Relations
 Côte d'Ivoire 2009
15 / 28
[45]
Stepping Stone EPA
 Kosovo 2015
0 / 3
SAA Kosovo–EU relations
SADC
* Botswana
* Lesotho
* Mozambique
* Namibia[g]
* Swaziland
2009
0 / 32
[46]
Interim Agreement with a view to an EPA

The agreement will be never ratified[47] and will be replaced by EPA.

Negotiating[edit]

Concluded negotiations[edit]

The EU and Singapore completed the negotiations for a comprehensive free trade agreement on 17 October 2014. The initialled agreement needs now to be formally approved by the European Commission and then agreed upon by the Council of Ministers and ratified by the European Parliament.[52]

The negotiators of the Commission and of Canada finalised their work about CETA in early August 2014.[53]

In July 2014 negotiations were concluded for the accession of Ecuador to the Trade Agreement with Colombia and Peru. In order to apply the Agreement with Ecuador the Parties will now engage in the relevant internal procedures for its approval. [54]

On 16 October 2014, the Eastern African Community (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda) finalised the negotiations for a region-to-region Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with the EU.[55]

The EU concluded negotiations on an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) on 15 July 2014 with the SADC EPA Group comprising Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland. Angola has an option to join the agreement in future.[56]

West-Africa-European Union negotiations of an Economic Partnership Agreement were closed by Chief Negotiators on 6 February 2014 in Brussels. The text was initialled on 30 June and on 10 July 2014.[57][58]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Entry into force of Interim Agreement
  2. ^ Interim Agreement
  3. ^ Agreement on Trade, Development and Cooperation
  4. ^ Decision of the EC-Turkey Association Council
  5. ^ not Cameroon, but the Central Africa Party signed the agreement
  6. ^ Eastern and Southern Africa States
  7. ^ a b c did not sign
  8. ^ did not sign

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://exporthelp.europa.eu/thdapp/display.htm?page=cd%2fcd_FreeTradeAgreements.html&docType=main&languageId=en
  2. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/countries-and-regions/agreements/
  3. ^ "Stabilisation and Association Agreement between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Albania, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  4. ^ "Euro-Mediterranean Association Agreement between the European Community and its Members States, of the one part, and the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  5. ^ "Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the European Economic Community and the Principality of Andorra". Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  6. ^ "Stabilisation and Association Agreement between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and Bosnia and Herzegovina, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "Agreement establishing an Association between the European Community and its Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Chile, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  8. ^ "Chile - Trade - European Commission". ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2015-06-15. 
  9. ^ "Euro-Mediterranean Association Agreement between the European Communities and its Member States and the Arab Republic of Egypt". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Agreement between the European Community, of the one part, and the Government of Denmark and the Home Government of the Faroe Islands, of the other part". Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  11. ^ a b c "Agreement on the European Economic Area". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 29 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Interim Agreement on trade and trade-related matters between the European Community and the European Coal and Steel Community, of the one part, and the State of Israel, on the other part". Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an Association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the State of Israel, of the other part". Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an Association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an Association between the European Community and its Members States, of the one part, and the Republic of Lebanon, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Stabilisation and Association Agreement between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Stabilisation and Association Agreement between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "Mexico - Trade - European Commission". ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2015-06-15. 
  19. ^ "Economic Partnership, Political Coordination and Cooperation Agreement between the European Community and its Member States, of the one part, and the United Mexican States, of the other part". eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 2015-06-15. 
  20. ^ "Stabilisation and Association Agreement between the European Communities and their Member States of the one part, and the Republic of Montenegro, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  21. ^ "Agreement details". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  22. ^ "Euro-Mediterranean Interim Association Agreement on Trade and Cooperation between the European Community, of the one part, and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) for the benefit of the Palestinian Authority of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  23. ^ "Agreement on Cooperation and Customs Union between the European Economic Community and the Republic of San Marino". Retrieved 29 October 2015. 
  24. ^ "Stabilisation and Association Agreement between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Serbia, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  25. ^ "Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the Community and South Africa, which provides for the provisional application of a portion of the Agreement on Trade, Development and Cooperation between the European Community and its Member States, on the one part, and the Republic of South Africa, on the other part". Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  26. ^ "Agreement on Trade, Development and Cooperation between the European Community and its Member States, on the one part, and the Republic of South Africa, on the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  27. ^ "Free Trade Agreement between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Korea, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  28. ^ "EUR-Lex - L:2011:127:TOC - EN - EUR-Lex". eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 2015-06-15. 
  29. ^ "Trade agreement details". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  30. ^ "Agreement between the European Community and its Member States, of the one part, and the Swiss Confederation, of the other, on the Free Movement of Persons". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 29 October 2015. 
  31. ^ "Euro-Mediterranean Agreement establishing an Association between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Tunisia, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 29 October 2015. 
  32. ^ Decision No 1/95 of the EC-Turkey Association Council of 22 December 1995 on implementing the final phase of the Customs Union
  33. ^ "Economic Partnership Agreement between the CARIFORUM States, of the one part, and the European Community and its Member States, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  34. ^ "Agreement details". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  35. ^ "Agreement establishing an Association between the European Union and its Member States, on the one hand, and Central America on the other". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  36. ^ [1] EU signs FTA
  37. ^ "Trade Agreement between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and Colombia and Peru, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  38. ^ [2] EU FTA agreements with Colombia and Central America became effective August first
  39. ^ "Interim Agreement establishing a framework for an Economic Partnership Agreement between the Eastern and Southern Africa States, on the one part, and the European Community and its Member States, on the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  40. ^ "Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the one part, and Georgia, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  41. ^ "Partnership and Cooperation Agreement between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Iraq, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  42. ^ "Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the one part, and Moldova, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  43. ^ "Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the one part, and Ukraine, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 29 October 2015. 
  44. ^ http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/documents-publications/agreements-conventions/agreement/?aid=2014045
  45. ^ "Agreement details". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  46. ^ "Interim Agreement with a view to an Economic Partnership Agreement between the European Community and its Member States, of the one part, and the SADC EPA States, of the other part". Agreements Database, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 29 October 2015. 
  47. ^ http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2009/september/tradoc_144912.pdf
  48. ^ European Union Seeks Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Intervention to Resume Trade Talks
  49. ^ EU keen to restart FTA negotiations with India
  50. ^ EU Keen to Resume Negotiations on Stalled BTIA With India
  51. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/in-focus/tisa/
  52. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/countries-and-regions/countries/singapore/
  53. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/in-focus/ceta/
  54. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/countries-and-regions/regions/andean-community/
  55. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/countries-and-regions/regions/eac/
  56. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/countries-and-regions/regions/sadc/
  57. ^ http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2009/september/tradoc_144912.pdf
  58. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/countries-and-regions/regions/west-africa/

External links[edit]