European hazard symbols

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The hazard symbols for chemicals are pictograms defined by the European community for labeling chemical packaging (for storage and workplace) and containers (for transportation). They are standardized currently by the CLP/GHS classification.

CLP & ADR / GHS hazard pictograms[edit]

European hazard sign, saying Corrosive (CLP/GHS) [GSH05])
  • The European Union CLP Regulation (for "Classification, Labelling and Packaging") was introduced as EC Regulation 1272/2008. It is based on the GHS system, to secure for physical, health and environement hazards.

See main article GHS hazard pictograms, that lists also some Europe-specific hazard statements (EUHxxx) besides the standard GHS Hazard phrases (H) and Precautions advices (P).

ADR European hazard sign, meaning highly flammable (33) gasoline (1203)

See main article ADR pictograms (and GSH Transport_pictograms)

Former hazard pictograms[edit]

  • Europe 1999 - 2007

The hazard symbols for chemicals were defined in Annex II of Directive 67/548/EEC. A consolidated list with translations into other EU languages was be found in Directive 2001/59/EC (See the links section).

Europe standard Hazard pictograms for labeling - Europe UE 67/548/EEC, 1999/45/EC
Hazard pictogram & mention, code
Substances examples
Hazard E.svg Explosive (E) TNT, acetone peroxide, nitroglycerin, picric acid
Hazard FF.svgExtremely Extremely Flammable (F+) Hydrogen, acetylene, propane, butane, diethyl ether, carbon disulfide, ethanal
Hazard F.svgExtremely Flammable (F) Ethanol, acetone, gasoline, hexamine, methanol
Hazard O.svgOxidizing (O) Oxygen, potassium nitrate, hydrogen peroxide, nitric acid, potassium permanganate
Hazard T.svgToxic (T) Sulfuric acid, TNT, Nitroglycerin, carbon disulfide, methanol, ammonia, methanal
Hazard TT.svgVery toxic (T+) Prussic acid, nicotine, carbon monoxide, white phosphorus
Hazard X.svgHarmful (Xn) Hexamine, butane, naphtha, ethanal
Hazard Xi.svgIrritant (Xi) Sodium hypochlorite, acetone, ethanol
Hazard C.svgCorrosive (C) Sulfuric acid, Nitric acid, sodium hydroxide, ammonia, White phosphorus
Hazard N.svgDangerous for the environment (N) Sulfuric acid, turpentine, lead, mercury

The 'n' in Harmful (Xn) stands for the French word nocif (harmful) and the Italian word nocivo (noxious).

  • German hazard symbols < 1999
German standard DIN 4844-2
Block magnet.svg
Block magnet
D-W002 Warnung vor explosionsgefaehrlichen Stoffen ty.svg
D-W003 Warnung vor giftigen Stoffen ty.svg
D-W006 Warnung vor schwebender Last.svg
Suspended load
D-W007 Warnung vor Flurfoerderzeugen.svg
Truck driving
D-W011 Warnung vor brandfoerdernden Stoffen ty.svg
Self ignition
D-W012 Warnung vor nicht ionisierender elektromagnetischer Strahlung ty.svg
D-W014 Warnung vor Stolpergefahr ty.svg
Tripping danger
D-W015 Warnung vor Absturzgefahr ty.svg
Falling hazard
D-W016 Warnung vor Biogefaehrdung ty.svg
D-W018 Warnung vor gesundheitsschaedlichen oder reizenden Stoffen ty.svg
Health danger and irritant
D-W020 Warnung vor Gefahren durch Batterien ty.svg
Dangerous batteries
D-W021 Warnung vor explosionsfaehiger Atmosphaere ty.svg
Explosive atmosphere
D-W023 Warnung vor Quetschgefahr ty.svg
D-W024 Warnung vor Kippgefahr beim Walzen.svg
Can tip over when moving
D-W025 Warnung vor automatischem Anlauf ty.svg
Remotely Starting
D-W027 Warnung vor Handverletzungen.svg
Hand pinching
D-W028 Warnung vor Rutschgefahr.svg
Driven by conveyor belt inside the track
W30 - Warnung vor Einzugsgefahr.svg
Entanglement hazard
DIN 4844-2 Warnung vor Aetzenden Stoffen D-W004.svg
DIN 4844-2 Warnung vor Gasflaschen D-W019.svg
Gas bottle
DIN 4844-2 Warnung vor Kaelte D-W017.svg
DIN 4844-2 Warnung vor Laserstrahl D-W010.svg
Laser radiation
DIN 4844-2 Warnung vor einer Gefahrenstelle D-W000.svg
Potential danger
DIN 4844-2 Warnung vor feuergefaehrlichen Stoffen D-W001.svg
DIN 4844-2 Warnung vor gef el Spannung D-W008.svg
Electrical danger
DIN 4844-2 Warnung vor heisser Oberflaeche D-W026.svg
Hot surface
DIN 4844-2 Warnung vor magnetischem Feld D-W013.svg
Magnetic field
DIN 4844-2 Warnung vor optischer Strahlung D-W009.svg
Optical radiation

External links[edit]