European pilchard

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European pilchard
Sardina pilchardus Gervais.jpg
Sardina pilchardus 2011.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Clupeiformes
Family: Clupeidae
Genus: Sardina
Antipa, 1904
Species: S. pilchardus
Binomial name
Sardina pilchardus
(Walbaum, 1792)
  • Alosa pilchardus
  • Clupea pilchardus
  • Clupea harengus pilchardus

The European pilchard (Sardina pilchardus) is a species of ray-finned fish in the monotypic genus, Sardina. This common species is found in the northeast Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Black Sea at depths of 10–100 m (33–328 ft).[1] It reaches up to 27.5 cm (10.8 in) in length and mostly feeds on planktonic crustaceans.[2] This schooling species is a batch spawner where each female lays 50,000-60,000 eggs.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b IUCN (2016). "Sardina pilchardus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 9 December 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Sardina pilchardus" in FishBase. April 2006 version.