European route E16
|Length||1,180 km (730 mi)|
|West end||Derry, United Kingdom|
|East end||Gävle, Sweden|
|Countries|| United Kingdom|
|International E-road network|
European route E 16 is the designation of a main west-east road through Northern Ireland, Scotland, Norway and Sweden, from Derry to Gävle, via Belfast, Glasgow, Edinburgh, previously by ferry to Bergen, Voss, through the Gudvanga Tunnel and the Lærdal Tunnel (the world's longest road tunnel), Lærdal, over Filefjell to Fagernes, Hønefoss, Gardermoen and Kongsvinger. In Sweden it passes Malung, Falun and ends in Gävle.
- Northern Ireland
- Great Britain
The E16 is the main road between Norway's two largest cities Oslo and Bergen, and the only mountain pass between Oslo and Bergen that is rarely open due to snowstorms and blizzards (it goes below the tree line). Outside winter, route 7 is at least as popular between Oslo and Bergen, since it is shorter. There are some other options such as the road through Hemsedal. The E16 is narrow on many places in Norway, although upgrades are being built.
E16 is 360 kilometres (220 mi) long in Sweden. E16 connected to the European route E45 between Torsby and Malung, and European route E4 in Gävle. There is no customs control at the Norway-Sweden border (but there is video surveillance), meaning that transports needing to be declared for customs, including most lorries, are not allowed to use the E16 at the border.
The road number E16 was introduced in Norway in 1992, between Bergen and Oslo. The road Bergen–Oslo was called E68 in the old E-road system decided 1950. In 1975, a new system was decided, where E16 only went through the United Kingdom (Londonderry–Edinburgh), and Bergen–Oslo was called E136. This was changed after several revisions of the agreement.
A large road construction project was finished 1992 when a new routing was opened almost all the way between Bergen and Voss. A further large project were the tunnels between Gudvangen and Lærdal which total around 43 km, finished 2000.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to E16.|
Road E 16 west of Gävle
Road E 16 near Falun in Sweden
Kupolen shopping centre in Borlänge
Scenic view over lake Sperillen
The mediaeval stone church Slidredomen
The Kvamskleiv tunnel and the Vangsmjøse lake in the mountains
The Lærdal Tunnel is the longest road tunnel in the world, 24.5 km (15.2 mi).
View over the Aurlandsfjord with Flåm innermost in the fiord
The old castle in Edinburgh
River Foyle in Derry
- UN ECE European Agreement on Main International Traffic Arteries (AGR)
- Declaration on the construction of main international traffic arteries. 1950 - 1961
- "volume-1302-l-21618-English.pdf" (pdf). Retrieved 2017-06-08.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 20 January 2011.