European route E233

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E233 shield

E233
E233 in the Netherlands
Route information
Maintained by Rijkswaterstaat[1] and BMVI[2]
Length: 132 km[4] (82 mi)
Existed: 15 March 1983[3] – present
Major junctions
From: E 232 / A28 / N48 in Hoogeveen
 
To: E 37 / A 1 near Emstek
Location
Countries: The Netherlands, Germany
Highway system

International E-road network

E232 E234

European route E 233 (E 233) is a west—east European Class-B road part of the International E-road network, running from Hoogeveen in the Netherlands to Cloppenburg in Germany, passing by the Dutch city of Emmen and the German city of Meppen. The road runs concurrently with four other roads over its course, first with the Dutch A37 from its western terminus to the German border, then with the German B402 up to Haselünne, from there on it follows B213 up to northern Cloppenburg, and on the last 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) of the B213 concurrency it also runs concurrent with B72, which it then follows up to its eastern terminus at the A1, which is also part of E 37. The road has a total length of 132 kilometres (82 mi), of which 41 kilometres (25 mi) in the Netherlands and 91 kilometres (57 mi) in Germany.

E 233 was first proposed as "E 232 Oldenzaal—Bremen" in the European Agreement on main international traffic arteries (AGR) in 1975, which was put into force in 1983. After a realignment and renumbering it follows its current course.

The Dutch section of the highway is maintained by Rijkswaterstaat.[1] The German section is maintained by the BMVI.[2]

Route description[edit]

Approaching Hoogeveen interchange from the north

European route E233 starts as a motorway with two lanes in each direction and grade separated intersections at Hoogeveen Interchange in the Netherlands, where E232, concurrent with A28, arrives from the west and continues north, and N48 goes south, southwest of Hoogeveen. The road goes east, concurrent with A37, passing by a few minor villages including Nieuwlande, Dalen and Oosterhesselen. It then passes under N34 at Holsloot Interchange. After that it continues east, passing by Veenoord, where it passes over the Zwolle–Emmen railway line, and Klazienaveen. From there on it is only 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) to the German border, where A37 stops, and the road starts running concurrent with the German B402. There is no border control. The road keeps going east, where it soon passes over the German A31. From this interchange on, E233, still concurrent with B402, is laid out as expressway with one lane in each directions and mostly at grade intersections. It passes over B70, north of Meppen, and continues further to the east until it gets to Haselünne, where it functions as the northern part of the ring road around Haselünne. East of Haselünne at the intersection with B213, E233 will now continue northeast toward Cloppenburg, concurrent with B213, while B402 will continue to the south. It passes by Löningen and Lastrup, until it gets to the intersection with B68, where B68 goes south. From here on there are two lanes in each direction again with grade separated intersections, and the road functions as the northern part of the ring road around Cloppenburg. North of Cloppenburg, B72 arrives from the north, and continues east, concurrent with E233 and B213. A few kilometers to the east, B213 branches of to the northeast, meaning E233 is now only concurrent with B72. From here on there is only one lane in each direction with at grade intersections again. The road goes southeast, passing Emstek to the south until it gets to its eastern terminus at an interchange with E37, concurrent with A1 going from north to south, and B69 continuing east. This is also the terminus of B72, the road that ran concurrent over the last stretch of E233.

History[edit]

In 1975 the road, then called E 232, was planned to run from Oldenzaal to Bremen, passing by Haselünne. The 1975 planned version of E 233, which is now called E 234, ran from Bremerhaven to Walsrode, passing by Bremen. These plans were put into force on 15 March 1983.[3] E 232 was renamed to its current name, i.e. E 233, in 1987. The road that was called E 233 before that was also renamed to E 234 at the same time, and extended northward to Cuxhaven.[5] Because the Dutch A1 motorway was being connected to the German A30 motorway in 1994, the section of E 233 from Oldenzaal to Haselünne will see a substantial drop in international traffic, which is why the alignment of E 233 was changed to its current alignment running from Hoogeveen, passing by Haselünne, to its terminus on the German A1 east of Cloppenburg.[6]

In the Netherlands, road A37, the road that runs concurrently with E 233, used to be an expressway with at grade intersections. It was called N37 back then, N meaning "niet-autosnelweg" ("non motorway"). Already before E 233 followed this route, the decision was made to make the entirety of A37 into a motorway with only grade separated intersections and two lanes in each direction. Construction started in February 1995, and during its construction sections that became motorway were already renumbered to A37. All sections of this road were officially a motorway on 21 January 2008, meaning it was now also numbered A37 on the entire route.[7]

The stretch of B402 from the border between the Netherlands and Germany to the intersection with the German A31 was upgraded from a two-lane road with at grade intersections to a four-lane road with grade separated intersections between 2005 and 2007.[8]

In 1975, when E 233 was first aligned, it ran through Lastrup. On December 5, 2009, B213 was realigned to a bypass around Lastrup with grade separated intersections.[9]

At the time E 233 was first aligned, it went straight through Cloppenburg. Construction on a bypass around Cloppenburg on which B213 / B72 and thus E 233 would be realigned began as early as 1977.[10] The first part, from Löninger Straße up to the current intersection where B213 stops running concurrent with E 233 was opened in 1979. The second section from the end of the first section to the intersection with Alte Bundesstraße was opened in 1984. [11]

Future[edit]

The German part of the highway between A31 near the Dutch border and E233's eastern terminus at A1 will be upgraded to four lanes, two in each direction, with grade separated intersections. It currently only has one lane in each direction with at grade intersections. [12]

Exit list[edit]

In the Netherlands[edit]

Province Municipality km[13] mi Exit Name Destinations Notes
Drenthe Hoogeveen 0.0 0.0 Hoogeveen interchange E 232 / A28 / N48 south – Zwolle, Ommen, Assen, Utrecht West end of A37 overlap
3.6 2.2 1 Hoogeveen-Oost Meester Cramerweg / Weg Om de Oost
9.9 6.2 2 Nieuwlande Johannes Poststraat
Coevorden 18.3 11.4 3 Oosterhesselen N854 (Oosterhesselerweg) – Oosterhesselen, Wachtum, Dalen
22.2 13.8 Holsloot interchange N34 – Coevorden, Hardenberg, Emmen, Groningen
Emmen 26.0 16.2 4 Veenoord N376 north (Boerdijk) / Boerdijk – Veenoord, Nieuw-Amsterdam, Drenthe
28.5 17.7 5 Emmen-Zuid N853 south (Vierslagenweg) / Dikkewijk Oostzijde – Schoonebeek, Erica
35.3 21.9 6 Klazienaveen N862 – Klazienaveen, Nieuw-Dordrecht
39.8 24.7 7 Zwartemeer N379 north / Zuidervaart Oostzijde – Zwartemeer, Barger-Compascuum
42.1 26.2 E 233 east / B 402 east – Meppen Continuation into Germany; east end of A37 overlap
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

In Germany[edit]

State District Location km[14] mi Destinations Notes
Lower Saxony Emsland Twist 15 9.3 E 233 west / A37 west – Emmen, Hoogeveen Continuation into the Netherlands; west end of B402 overlap
15 9.3 Heinrick-Krüssel-Straße Westbound entrance and exit only
13 8.1 K 202 (Fehndorfer Straße / Franziskusstraße) – Altenberge, Twist
Meppen 8 5.0 A 31 – Oberhausen, Haren, Leer
0 0.0 B 70 / K 247 – Meppen, Lathen, Lingen
Haselünne 16–
22
9.9–
14
B 213 / B 402 – Haselünne, Lingen East end of B402 overlap; west end of B213 overlap
Cloppenburg Cloppenburg 54.239 33.703 B 68 south – Bramsche, Osnabrück
52.314 32.506 Löninger Straße
51.305 31.879 Molberger Straße
49.948 31.036 B 72 north / Friesoyther Straße – Friesoythe, Cloppenburg West end of B72 overlap
47.773 29.685 B 213 north (Ahlhorner Straße) / Bether Straße – Oldenburg, Bremen, Cloppenburg East end of B213 overlap
45.768 28.439 K 168 east (Cloppenburger Straße) / Industriezubringer – Cloppenburg
Emstek 42.124 26.175 L 836 (Alte Bundesstraße) – Emstek
36.488 22.673 L 836 north (Emsteker Straße) / ecopark-Allee – Emstek
12.893 8.011 E 37 / A 1 / B 69 east (Emsteker Straße) – Oldenburg, Bremen, Vechta, Osnabrück East end of B72 overlap
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Wegbeheerders". Rijkswaterstaat. Retrieved 15 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Das Ministerium stellt sich vor" [The ministry introduces itself] (in German). BMVI. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "European Agreement on main international traffic arteries" (PDF) (in English, French, and Russian). United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. 15 November 1975. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  4. ^ Google (18 January 2017). "Route description from E233 near Hoogeveen to E233 near Cloppenburg" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "Tractatenblad van het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden - Jaargang 1987 Nr. 13" [Treaty Series of the Kingdom of the Netherlands - Volume 1987 No. 13] (in Dutch and English). Overheid.nl. 19 January 1987. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "Tractatenblad van het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden - Jaargang 1994 Nr. 267" [Treaty Series of the Kingdom of the Netherlands - Volume 1994 No. 267] (in Dutch, English, and French). Overheid.nl. 12 December 1994. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Dossier A37" (in Dutch). Deur Drenthe. Retrieved 19 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "B 402: Vierspuriger Ausbau von der A 31 bis zur niederländischen Grenze" [B 402: Four-lane extension from the A 31 to the Dutch border] (in German). Lower Saxony. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 21 January 2017. 
  9. ^ "37 Jahre von der Idee bis zur Realisierung - Rolf Hahn legt umfangreiche Dokumentation zur planung und zum Bau der Lastruper umgehungsstraße vor" [37 years from the idea to the realisation - Rolf Hahn presents extensive documentation on the planning and construction of the Lastruper bypass road]. Lastrup Municipality. 7 May 2015. Retrieved 21 January 2017. 
  10. ^ "Geschichte der Stadt Cloppenburg im Überblick" [Overview of history of Cloppenburg] (in German). Retrieved 21 January 2017. 
  11. ^ (in German) http://www.geschichtsatlas.de/~ga14/body/zeitstrahl/1945-heute.htm. Retrieved 21 January 2017.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ "Vierspuriger Ausbau der Europastraße 233 im westlichen Niedersachen" [Four-lane expansion of European route 233 in western Lower Saxony] (in German). Lower Saxony. 18 November 2016. Retrieved 21 January 2017. 
  13. ^ "Stichting Incident Management Nederland". Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  14. ^ "Straßeninformationsbank Niedersachsen". Retrieved January 16, 2017. 

External links[edit]