European route E42

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E42 shield

E42
Route information
Length: 680 km (420 mi)
Major junctions
From: Dunkerque (France)
To: Aschaffenburg (Germany)
Location
Countries: France, Belgium, Germany
Highway system
International E-road network
Road sign at the border between Wallonia and France

The European route E 42 is a road in Europe and a part of the United Nations International E-road network. It connects Dunkerque, a major ferry and container port at the northern end of the French coast with Aschaffenburg on the north western tip of Bavaria. Along the way it also passes through Wallonia in Belgium and the German Länder of Rhineland-Palatinate and Hessen. The full length of the route is approximately 680 kilometers (420 mi).

Language challenge[edit]

The western end of the route runs close to the Franco-Dutch language border. As a consequence, traffic signs might use Dutch exonyms for French or Walloon cities, and French exonyms for Dutch-speaking places. When a city lies in France, both names will be displayed in Flanders (e.g. Rijsel will be followed by Lille in italics).

The most easterly of the Belgian stretches of the E 42 doubles with the recently upgraded Autoroute A27

France[edit]

The western end between Dunkerque and Lille follows a four lane dual carriageway toll free highway. Much of this has recently been resurfaced, but parts remain of subautoroute standard in terms of such details as junction lay-out and speed limits. Lille itself is at the centre of a major industrial area and is the meeting point of major routes. The passage of the E 42 along the urban highway is marked by several sharp bends and, especially for westbound traffic, unavoidable lane changes as well as speed cameras. Delays during peak commuting times are frequent.

Belgium[edit]

The route follows no fewer than six different autoroutes in succession during its passage through southern Belgium (Wallonia), linking all its major cites, from the provincial capital Mons, to Charleroi and Namur, along with the major commercial and university city of Liège and its important cargo airport further to the east. The most easterly portion within Belgium was fully upgraded to autoroute standard only with the completion of the A27 at the end of the 20th century: before that happened the main road included (subject to diversions on race days) a brief stretch that used the Formula One racing circuit at Spa. The final kilometers before the German frontier include towns and villages transferred from Germany to Belgium under the provisions of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles endorsed in 1925 by a referendum process not universally regarded as fair: over three quarters of a century later sign boards showing place names in French and German frequently have the French versions deleted by graffiti artists.

Germany[edit]

The eastern portion of the E 42 in Germany follows the BAB 60. Despite considerable progress in recent years, the building of the Autobahn was delayed during the final decade of the 20th century, and the road in this area is still missing several important doubled road viaducts, so that at various points the road is reduced to a single two lane road. The landscape here is relatively mountainous: a recent development has been the appearance on the surrounding horizons of modern windmill groupings.

The route[edit]

E 42 Dunkerque - Aschaffenburg
State National
Road
Number
Section Junction
(national numbering)
Flag of Europe.svg Flag of France.svg
..........Department
59 autostrada RN 225 Dunkerque - Bergues RN 225 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg E 40
RN 225 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 20
RN 225 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 19
RN 225 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 18
RN 225 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 17
RN 225 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 16 Bergues
59 autostrada A 25 Bergues - Lille (Rijsel) A 25 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg 15 Herzeele
A 25 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 14 Winnezeele, Hondschoote
A 25 Zeichen 376.svg Zeichen 361-50.svg St Eloi et St Laurent
A 25 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 13 Steenvoorde
A 25 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 12 Bailleul
A 25 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 11 Hazebrouck
A 25 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 10 Bailleul
A 25 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 9 Nieppe
A 25 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 8 Armentières
A 25 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 7 Béthune
A 25 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 6 Englos
A 25 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 5 Lille centre
A 25 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 4 Lille-Faubourg de Béthune
A 25 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 3 Lille-Wazemmes
A 25 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 2 Lille-Moulins
A 25 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg 1 E 17
59 autostrada A 27 Lille (Rijsel) - Baisieux A 27 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 1 Ronchin
A 27 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 2 Lesquin
A 27 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg A 23
A 27 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 3 Baisieux
Flag of Europe.svg Flag of Belgium.svg Flag of Wallonia.svg
..........Province

Hainaut autostrada A 8 Baisieux - Tournai (Doornik) A 8 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 35 Blandain
A 8 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg Marquain E 403
A 8 Zeichen 376.svg Zeichen 361-50.svg
A 8 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 34 Tournai (Doornik) West
A 8 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 33 Tournai (Doornik) North
A 8 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg Tournai (Doornik) E 429
Hainaut autostrada A 16 Tournai (Doornik) - Saint-Ghislain A 16 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 32 Tournai (Doornik) East
A 16 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 31 Antoing
A 16 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 30 Maubray
A 16 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 29 Péruwelz
A 16 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 28 Blaton
A 16 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 27 Bernissart
A 16 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 26 Pommerœul
A 16 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg Hautrage E 19
Hainaut autostrada A 7 Saint-Ghislain - La Louvière A 7 Zeichen 376.svg Zeichen 361-50.svg
A 7 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 25 Saint-Ghislain E 19
A 7 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 24 Mons (Bergen)
A 7 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 23 Nimy, Maisières
A 7 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 22 Obourg
A 7 Zeichen 376.svg Zeichen 361-50.svg
A 7 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 21a Thieu
A 7 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 21 Le Rœulx
A 7 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg Houdeng-Goegnies E 19
Hainaut




Namur




Liège
autostrada A 15 La Louvière - Liège (Luik, Lüttich) A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 20 Houdeng
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg Bois-d'Haine
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 19 Manage
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 18 Chapelle-lez-Herlaimont
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg Gouy E 420
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 17 Courcelles
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg Thiméon E 420
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 16 Gosselies north
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 15 Fleurus
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 14 Sambreville
A 15 Zeichen 376.svg Zeichen 361-50.svg
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 13 Spy
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 12 Namur west
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg E 411
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 10a Fernelmont
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 10 Hingeon
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 9 Andenne
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 8 Huy-Couthuin
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 7 Huy-Fumal
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 6 Villers-le-Bouillet
A 15 Zeichen 376.svg Zeichen 361-50.svg
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 5 Saint-Georges
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 4 Flémalle
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 3 Liège airport
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg
A 15 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg E 40
Liège autostrada A 3 Liège (Luik, Lüttich) - Battice E 25
Liège autostrada A 27 Battice - Sankt-Vith
Flag of Europe.svg Flag of Germany.svg Coat of arms of Rhineland-Palatinate.svg

Land/District
BIT
WIL
autostradaautostrada A 60 Steinebrück (frontier) - Wittlich
WIL autostrada A 1 Wittlich
WIL
SIM
autostrada B 50 Wittlich - Rheinböllen
SIM
KH
MZ
autostrada A 61 Rheinböllen - Bingen
MZ
GG
autostrada A 60 Bingen - Rüsselsheim
GG autostrada A 67 Rüsselsheim - Mönchhof
GG
F
OF
autostrada A 3 Mönchhof - Aschaffenburg