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European superstate is the greater political integration in Europe, generally in the form of a reformed European Union. This has included the idea of a common fiscal policy, a common debt and a common military, among other things.
Winston Churchill's speech after the Second World War calling for "a sort of United States of Europe" has been seen by some as a precursor to the concept of a European superstate. Viviane Reding, vice president of the European Commission, mentioned the concept of a United States of Europe:
We need a true political union. To me this means that we need to build a United States of Europe with the Commission as government and two chambers – the European Parliament and a "Senate" of Member States. But there are of course other opinions out there for the future of Europe. You might have other ideas as well. And that is how it should be. We need to have a broad debate before we start to make the big changes required.
Bruno Waterfield writes in The Daily Telegraph that "Mrs Reding's vision, which is shared by many in the European institutions, would transform the EU into superstate relegating national governments and parliaments to a minor political role equivalent to that played by local councils in Britain".
Traditionally, the term "European Superstate", particularly within the United Kingdom, is used as a criticism of further integration into the EU with the term implying a forced loss of national sovereignty, although the term has occasionally been used positively in the British press.
In the 1950s and 1960s Europe saw the emergence to two different projects, the European Free Trade Association, led by the UK, and the much more political European Economic Community, led by France and Germany. It has been claimed that a similar division to this persists today: On the one hand, there are those European countries, some inside and some outside of the EU, who see Europe largely as a free trade zone, and are reluctant to further integrate politically. On the other hand, there is the Eurozone, a group of countries which are committed to a common political unity.
Individuals such as the former German Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer have said the EU must in the end become a single federation, with its political leader chosen by direct elections among all of its citizens. However, claims of this creating a "European superstate" have been rejected by former UK European Commissioner Chris Patten and many members of the EU.
- European federalism – often associated with an alleged imposition of a European superstate.
- International Paneuropean Union
- Morgan, Glyn (10 January 2009). The Idea of a European Superstate: Public Justification and European Integration (New (revised) ed.). Princeton University Press. ISBN 9781400828050. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
- Simms, Brendan; Rüger, Korbinian (4 November 2015). "Britain should want Europe to become a superstate". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
- Reding, Viviane. "2014: time to make a choice". Europa.eu. European Commission. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
- Waterfield, Bruno (8 January 2014). "We want a United States of Europe says top EU official". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
- Farage, Nigel (19 June 2000). "The EU and what it costs you". Sovereignty Journal. Archived from the original on 13 August 2004. Retrieved 29 January 2016 – via the Wayback Machine.
On the table is the abolition of our national veto in 39 more aspects of legislative competence, a plan to give the EU its own national identity, the creation of a "single judicial space" and further moves to develop the EU's own defence and foreign policy, with plans eventually to create a European army. There can be no doubt about it. The plan is to create a European superstate.
- Horsley, William (7 December 2000). "Fears of a European superstate". BBC News. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
- Kennedy, Charles (2 July 2014). "European 'federalism' isn't what you've been told it is". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 January 2016.