Europium(III) nitrate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Europium(III) nitrate
Europium nitrate.jpg
Names
IUPAC name
Europium trinitrate
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.030.333 Edit this at Wikidata
  • InChI=1S/Eu.3NO3.6H2O/c;3*2-1(3)4;;;;;;/h;;;;6*1H2/q+3;3*-1;;;;;;
    Key: JVYYYCWKSSSCEI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • [N+](=O)([O-])[O-].[N+](=O)([O-])[O-].[N+](=O)([O-])[O-].O.O.O.O.O.O.[Eu+3]
Properties
Eu(NO3)3
Molar mass 337.985 g/mol
446.081 g/mol (hexahydrate)
Melting point decomposes
Soluble
Hazards
GHS labelling:
GHS03: OxidizingGHS07: Exclamation mark
Warning
H272, H315, H319, H335
P210, P220, P221, P261, P264, P271, P280, P302+P352, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338, P312, P321, P332+P313, P337+P313, P362, P370+P378, P403+P233, P405, P501
Related compounds
Other anions
Europium(III) phosphate
Europium(III) arsenate
Other cations
Samarium(III) nitrate
Gadolinium(III) nitrate
Related compounds
Europium(II) nitrate
Europium(III) oxide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Europium(III) nitrate hexahydrate under fluorescent lamp (left) and UV light (right).

Europium(III) nitrate is an inorganic compound with the formula Eu(NO3)3. Its hexahydrate is the most common form, which is a colorless hygroscopic crystal.

Preparation[edit]

Dissolving europium(III) oxide (Eu2O3) in dilute nitric acid produces europium(III) nitrate.[1]

Eu2O3 + 6 HNO3 → 2 Eu(NO3)3 + 3 H2O

Complexes[edit]

Europium(III) nitrate reacts with some ligands to form complexes. It reacts with 1,3,5-trimesic acid, producing europium metal-organic framework, a coordination polymer, under hydrothermal conditions.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Odent, Guy; Charetteur, Elisabeth; Duperray, Marie H. Crystallization, radiocrystallographic characterization, and infrared absorption spectra of hexahydrates and pentahydrates of nitrates and lanthanides. Revue de Chimie Minerale, 1975. 12 (1): 17-23.
  2. ^ Habimana, Fabien; Huo, Yanxia; Jiang, Sai; Ji, Shengfu. Synthesis of europium metal-organic framework (Eu-MOF) and its performance in adsorptive desulfurization. Adsorption, 2016. 22 (8): 1147-1155. DOI:10.1007/s10450-016-9838-1.
HNO3 He
LiNO3 Be(NO3)2 B(NO3)4 RONO2 NO3
NH4NO3
HOONO2 FNO3 Ne
NaNO3 Mg(NO3)2 Al(NO3)3 Si P S ClONO2 Ar
KNO3 Ca(NO3)2 Sc(NO3)3 Ti(NO3)4 VO(NO3)3 Cr(NO3)3 Mn(NO3)2 Fe(NO3)2
Fe(NO3)3
Co(NO3)2
Co(NO3)3
Ni(NO3)2 CuNO3
Cu(NO3)2
Zn(NO3)2 Ga(NO3)3 Ge As Se BrNO3 Kr
RbNO3 Sr(NO3)2 Y(NO3)3 Zr(NO3)4 NbO(NO3)3 MoO2(NO3)2 Tc Ru(NO3)3 Rh(NO3)3 Pd(NO3)2
Pd(NO3)4
AgNO3
Ag(NO3)2
Cd(NO3)2 In(NO3)3 Sn(NO3)4 Sb(NO3)3 Te INO3 Xe(NO3)2
CsNO3 Ba(NO3)2   Lu(NO3)3 Hf(NO3)4 TaO(NO3)3 W Re Os Ir Pt(NO3)2
Pt(NO3)4
Au(NO3)3 Hg2(NO3)2
Hg(NO3)2
TlNO3
Tl(NO3)3
Pb(NO3)2 Bi(NO3)3
BiO(NO3)
Po(NO3)4 At Rn
FrNO3 Ra(NO3)2   Lr Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Nh Fl Mc Lv Ts Og
La(NO3)3 Ce(NO3)3
Ce(NO3)4
Pr(NO3)3 Nd(NO3)3 Pm(NO3)3 Sm(NO3)3 Eu(NO3)3 Gd(NO3)3 Tb(NO3)3 Dy(NO3)3 Ho(NO3)3 Er(NO3)3 Tm(NO3)3 Yb(NO3)3
Ac(NO3)3 Th(NO3)4 PaO2(NO3)3 UO2(NO3)2 Np(NO3)4 Pu(NO3)4 Am(NO3)3 Cm(NO3)3 Bk(NO3)3 Cf Es Fm Md No