The category Eurostar, introduced in 1997, replaced the Pendolino trains and had always been for the route connecting Milan to Rome and its extensions. Since 2006 with the opening of the high speed lines the category gradually declined in several subcategories and the original gradually downsized.
In June 2012, the category Eurostar was divided into various subcategories indicating various high-speed services. The new categories created were Frecciarossa for the fastest trains (300 km/h (190 mph)), Frecciargento for the next category of trains (250 km/h (160 mph)), and Frecciabianca (200 km/h (120 mph)). The final Eurostar services connecting Rome with Ravenna and Reggio Calabria operated until December 2012.
The name Eurostar was used under license from Iveco, which owns the trademark and used the name for one of their trucks. Despite the identical name, there is no relation between this service and the Eurostar railway service that runs through the Channel Tunnel.
Various categories used until June 2012 were:
- Eurostar Alta Velocità Frecciarossa (Turin-Milan-Florence-Rome-Naples), now only Frecciarossa
- Eurostar Alta Velocità Frecciargento (Rome-Venice, Rome-Reggio Calabria, Rome-Lecce), now only Frecciargento
- Eurostar City Italia Frecciabianca, now only Frecciabianca
- Eurostar Italia Business, discontinued after opening high-speed line Milan-Rome
- Eurostar Italia Alta Velocità Fast, now included in Frecciarossa and Frecciargento
- Eurostar Italia Fast, now included in Frecciarossa and Frecciargento
- ETR 460 (Eurostar service).
- Treno Alta Velocità
- Rete Ferroviaria Italiana
- New Pendolino
- Train categories in Europe