|Owner||European Broadcasting Union|
|6 June 1954|
Eurovision was set up for the purpose of exchanging TV programmes and, subsequently, TV news footage (via the daily Eurovision news exchange - EVN). The first official Eurovision transmission took place on 6 June 1954. It showed the Narcissus Festival in Montreux, Switzerland. It has a radio counterpart in Euroradio.
- 1 Background
- 2 Events
- 2.1 Eurovision Song Contest
- 2.2 Let the Peoples Sing
- 2.3 Jeux Sans Frontières
- 2.4 Eurovision Young Musicians
- 2.5 Eurovision Young Dancers
- 2.6 Junior Eurovision Song Contest
- 2.7 Eurovision Dance Contest
- 2.8 Eurovision Magic Circus Show
- 2.9 Eurovision Choir of the Year
- 2.10 European Sports Championships
- 2.11 Eurovision Asia Song Contest
- 2.12 Other events
- 3 News and sport
- 4 Transmission ident
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Eurovision is managed by the European Broadcasting Union’s Eurovision Operations Department and offers permanent coverage of Europe, the Americas, the Middle East, North Africa and the Asia-Pacific region, as well as ad-hoc coverage of the African continent and the Pacific Rim.
Not confined only to Europe, Eurovision currently encompasses 75 television broadcasting organizations located in 56 countries of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. Furthermore, there are 61 associated broadcasting organizations in Europe, Africa, America, Asia, and Oceania.
The EBU in co-operation with the respective host broadcaster, organises competitions and events in which its Members can participate, if they wish to do so. These include:
Eurovision Song Contest
The Eurovision Song Contest (French: Concours Eurovision de la Chanson) is an annual international song competition, that was first held in Lugano, Switzerland, on 24 May 1956. Seven countries participated – each submitting two songs, for a total of 14. This was the only contest in which more than one song per country was performed: since 1957 all contests have allowed one entry per country. The 1956 contest was won by the host nation, Switzerland. In this competition, only countries that are members of the EBU can participate.[dubious ] The first winner was Switzerland, and the most recent is Israel with a new voting system. The first host city was Lugano, and the most recent is Lisbon.
Let the Peoples Sing
Let the Peoples Sing is a biennial choir competition, the participants of which are chosen from radio recordings entered by EBU radio members. The final, encompassing three categories and around ten choirs, is offered as a live broadcast to all EBU members. The overall winner is awarded the Silver Rose Bowl.
Jeux Sans Frontières
Jeux Sans Frontières (English: Games Without Frontiers, or Games Without Borders) was a Europe-wide television game show. In its original conception, it was broadcast from 1965 to 1999 under the auspices of the EBU. The original series run ended in 1982 but was revived in 1988 with a different complexion of nations and was hosted by smaller broadcasters.
Eurovision Young Musicians
Eurovision Young Musicians is a competition for European musicians that are younger than 19 years old. It is organised by the EBU and is a member of EMCY. The first competition was held in Manchester, United Kingdom on 11 May 1982.
The televised competition is held every two years, with some countries holding national heats. Since its foundation in 1982, the Eurovision Young Musicians competition has become one of the most important music competitions on an international level.
Eurovision Young Dancers
It uses a format similar to the Eurovision Song Contest, every country that is a member of the EBU has had the opportunity to send a dance act to compete for the title of "Eurovision Young Dancer". The act can be either a solo act or a dance couple, and all contestants must be between the ages of 16 and 21 years and not professionally engaged.
Junior Eurovision Song Contest
Junior Eurovision Song Contest (French: Concours Eurovision de la Chanson Junior), is an annual international song competition, that was first held in Copenhagen, Denmark, on 15 November 2003. Sixteen countries participated – each submitting one song, for a total of 16 entries. The 2003 Contest was won by Croatia and the current winner is Russia with a new voting system. The first host city was Copenhagen (2003) and the most recent is Tbilisi (2017).
Eurovision Dance Contest
The Eurovision Dance Contest (not to be confused with the Eurovision Young Dancers Competition) was an international dancing competition that was held for the first time in London, United Kingdom on 1 September 2007. The competition was repeated in 2008 when it was held in Glasgow, United Kingdom, but has not been held since.
Eurovision Magic Circus Show
The Eurovision Magic Circus Show is an entertainment show organised by the EBU, which began in 2010. Children aged between 7-14 representing countries within the EBU membership area, perform a variety of circus acts at the Geneva Christmas Circus (French: Cirque de Noël Genève). The main show is also accompanied by the Magic Circus Show Orchestra.
Eurovision Choir of the Year
The Eurovision Choir of the Year is a new event launched by the EBU, and the latest event to be launched since the Eurovision Magic Circus Show 2010. The event consists of non-professional choirs who are members of the EBU, with the inaugural contest taking place on 22 July 2017, hosted by the Latvian broadcaster Latvijas Televīzija (LTV), coinciding with the closing ceremony of the European Choir Games 2017.
European Sports Championships
The European Sports Championships is a multi-sport event involving some of the leading sports in Europe. The European Governing Bodies for athletics, swimming, cycling, rowing and triathlon, will co-ordinate their individual championships as part of the first edition in the summer of 2018, hosted by the cities of Berlin (already chosen as the host for the 2018 European Athletics Championships) and Glasgow (already chosen as the host for the 2018 European Aquatics Championships, and which will now also host the events of the other sports).
Eurovision Asia Song Contest
The Eurovision Asia Song Contest will be the upcoming Asia-Pacific counterpart of the Eurovision Song Contest. The inaugural contest will consist of only one show, and is yet to be scheduled although is expected to take place in October 2018.
Routine transmissions of sport and culture events amount to over 15,000 transmission hours per year. High-profile Eurovision events include:
- The Proms
- Eastertime papal blessing Urbi et Orbi
- Euroclassic Notturno
- Palio in Siena
- Rose d'Or
- Vienna New Year's Concert
- Summer Night Concert Schönbrunn
- Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest
- Eurovision Song Contest's Greatest Hits
- Eurosonic Noorderslag
- European Border Breakers Award
- Euroradio Folk Festival
News and sport
Member broadcasting organisations also provide each other with news footage (over 30,000 separate news items per year) within the framework of the daily Eurovision News Exchanges (EVN). Eurovision also sponsors the annual broadcast news industry conference, News Xchange. Despite the similarity in name this has no direct connection with Eurovision News Exchanges.
Eurovision television transmissions may be recognised by the Eurovision ident and the opening theme of Marc-Antoine Charpentier's "Te Deum" which appears before and after the programme to indicate to viewers they are connected and watching via the Eurovision network. The most famous and well known times for this to occur is before and after the Eurovision Song Contest, although most contributed items, such as international relays of sports events, including the Olympics, are not thus credited and the general public is therefore mostly unaware of Eurovision's involvement.
- Jefferson, Ed (11 May 2018). "How a 17th century war, the Queen and a desperate Swiss TV executive led to Eurovision". New Statesman. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
- "Winners of the Eurovision Song Contest" (PDF). European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 26 December 2007.
- "Historical Milestones". European Broadcasting Union. 2005. Archived from the original on 26 May 2006. Retrieved 26 May 2006.
- "Official information page" (in French). European Broadcasting Union. 10 December 2007. Archived from the original on 28 September 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2008.
- Burkhardt, Nadja (6 August 2012). "Eurovision Magic Circus Show". eurovisionshowcase.com. European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
- Granger, Anthony (8 August 2016). "EBU to launch "Choir of the Year" contest". eurovoix.com. Eurovoix. Retrieved 9 August 2016.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 August 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- "European Athletics - Leading sports bring together their European championships in 2018". european-athletics. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
- "Rowing joins the innovative European Sports Championships - worldrowing.com". www.worldrowing.com. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
- Jordan, Paul (18 August 2017). "The Greatest Song Contest in the World is coming to Asia!". eurovision.tv. European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- "Three cities interested in hosting Eurovision Asia". eurovoix-world.com. Eurovoix. 19 May 2017. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
- "EBU - 2017 BBC Proms bow out in style". www.ebu.ch. European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
- "Eurovision Sports Live". Eurovision. Retrieved 27 June 2016.