Eurovision Song Contest 1963
|Eurovision Song Contest 1963|
|Final||23 March 1963|
|Venue||BBC Television Centre|
London, United Kingdom
|Directed by||Yvonne Littlewood|
|Host broadcaster||British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)|
|Interval act||Ola & Barbro|
|Number of entries||16|
|Voting system||Twenty-member juries awarded points to their five favourite songs.|
|Winning song|| Denmark|
The Eurovision Song Contest 1963 was the eighth annual Eurovision Song Contest. The contest was held in London, United Kingdom, after the British broadcaster BBC stepped in to organise the event. France had won the 1962 edition with the right to host this following one but were unable to, due to financial shortcomings.
The contest was won by Denmark with the song "Dansevise", performed by Grethe & Jørgen Ingmann. Denmark's win was their first, which was the first victory for a Nordic country. Four countries got nul points, with Finland, Norway and Sweden failing to score any points for the first time and the Netherlands for the second time, becoming the first country to go two years in a row without scoring a single point.
The BBC was willing to host the contest instead of the previous year's winner France, as was the case in 1960. They would do so again in 1972 and 1974 because the winning broadcasters from the year before could not afford to produce the contest.
The host venue was the BBC Television Centre, White City, London, which opened in 1960. It is one of the most readily recognisable facilities of its type having appeared as the backdrop for many BBC programmes. It remained to be one of the largest such facilities in the world until it redeveloped in March 2013.
Two studios (TC3 and TC4) were used: one for the mistress of ceremonies Katie Boyle, the audience, and the scoreboard; the other for the performers and the orchestra accompanying them. Unusually, a boom microphone (normally used for drama and comedy shows) was employed - the viewer doesn't see this, so it appears as if the artists were miming to their vocals. This was not the case, but this innovation was to create a new look for the contest.
One controversy this year was during the voting. When it was Norway's turn to announce their votes, the spokesman in Oslo, Roald Øyen, did not use the correct procedure in that the song number, followed by the name of the country, should have been announced before awarding the points. Katie Boyle asked Norway to repeat their results, but the Norwegian spokesman asked Katie to return to them after all the other results were in. When Katie went back to Norway again the votes had mysteriously altered, thus changing the outcome of the contest and giving the victory to Norway's neighbours Denmark at Switzerland's expense. In fact, the Norwegian spokesman had not given the correct votes on the first occasion. Monaco was also asked to do their voting a second time as initially Monaco give one point to both the United Kingdom and Luxembourg. However, when Katie Boyle went back to Monaco to receive the votes again Monaco's one vote to Luxembourg was efficiently discarded (although this did not have any effect on the positions of the countries). It has also been speculated as to whether the juries were indeed on the end of a telephone line or in the actual studio given how clearly their voices could be heard as opposed to sounding as though they were being redirected through a telephone line.
All countries which participated in the 1962 edition also participated in the 1963 edition.
The participating conductors were:
- United Kingdom - Eric Robinson
- Netherlands - Eric Robinson
- Germany - Willy Berking
- Austria - Erwin Halletz
- Norway - Øivind Bergh
- Italy - Gigi Cicchellero
- Finland - George de Godzinsky
- Denmark - Kai Mortensen
- Yugoslavia - Miljenko Prohaska
- Switzerland - Eric Robinson
- France - Franck Pourcel
- Spain - Rafael Ibarbia
- Sweden - William Lind
- Belgium - Francis Bay
- Monaco - Raymond Lefèvre
- Luxembourg - Eric Robinson
Norwegian jury votes
If Norway did not make a statement in terms of results, Norway would still have its mark on the vote. Switzerland and Denmark quickly took the lead in the competition, and when Norway voted as number five, problems arose. The Norwegian counter had not managed to figure out the votes of the jury members, and the Norwegian points were therefore not clear. In the confusion, Roald Øyen read a preliminary result and had to ask Katie Boyle to come back later in the vote.
At the end of the vote, Switzerland led two points behind Denmark. When the correct Norwegian points were read, however, Switzerland and Denmark switched places, so that Denmark won the competition two points ahead of Switzerland. The Norwegian jury was later accused of having helped a neighboring country to win, and Switzerland protested against the result. However, NRK rejected the accusations and emphasized that the Norwegian jury had given the right points.
The reason for the chaos was that the Norwegian counter was simply not finished counting the voices when Norway was called up. Not only were the voices wrong, but a stressed eye also read the points incorrectly. When Norway was called back at the end of the vote, the results from the Norwegian jury were clear and correct. "We have good conscience regarding the outcome. The 20 jury members' ballot papers are on the television for control if necessary ”, NRK's Odd Grythe assured.
One of the Norwegian jury members from 1963, Olaf Kjell Wathne Gar, was interviewed by NRK P2 in 2017, and he told about chaotic conditions at NRK Marienlyst during the vote. Gar was a student in 1963, and according to him, Gar and some fellow students were hacked in by NRK in a hurry the same day as the final. They were picked up in taxis and driven to NRK Marienlyst. There they heard the songs twice through loudspeakers in a tiny room. However, the students had decided in advance to vote for Denmark and a few other countries, because they "had the most sympathy for Denmark"
The 20 jury members then voted, and program secretary Einar Johannessen summed up the voices on a chalkboard when London suddenly called. "We were barely half-finished, and at full speed he improvised and scribbled some numbers," Gar said, adding: "It was all so simple and primitive that one would hardly have believed it today". The jury members received NOK 150 each in order to "throw away the Saturday night", which NRK, according to Gar, had called the assignment.
|01||United Kingdom||Ronnie Carroll||"Say Wonderful Things"||English||4||28|
|02||Netherlands||Annie Palmen||"Een speeldoos"||Dutch||13||0|
|04||Austria||Carmela Corren||"Vielleicht geschieht ein Wunder"||German, English||7||16|
|06||Italy||Emilio Pericoli||"Uno per tutte"||Italian||3||37|
|07||Finland||Laila Halme||"Muistojeni laulu"||Finnish||13||0|
|08||Denmark||Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann||"Dansevise"||Danish||1||42|
|10||Switzerland||Esther Ofarim||"T'en va pas"||French||2||40|
|11||France||Alain Barrière||"Elle était si jolie"||French||5||25|
|12||Spain||José Guardiola||"Algo prodigioso"||Spanish||12||2|
|13||Sweden||Monica Zetterlund||"En gång i Stockholm"||Swedish||13||0|
|15||Monaco||Françoise Hardy||"L'amour s'en va"||French||5||25|
|16||Luxembourg||Nana Mouskouri||"À force de prier"||French||8||13|
Each country had 20 jury members who awarded their five favourite songs 5, 4, 3, 2, and 1 points in order. All those points would then be added up and the five song with the most points got 5, 4, 3, 2, and 1 votes in order. Errors in the Norwegian (see above) and the Monegasque votes meant their scores had to be announced twice, with an adjustment to the scores being made in each case before the final score was verified.
|The table is ordered by appearance|
Below is a summary of all 5 points in the final:
|N.||Recipient nation||Voting nation|
|5||Denmark||Belgium, Finland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Sweden|
|3||Italy||Denmark, Monaco, Switzerland|
|Switzerland||Austria, Italy, United Kingdom|
|2||United Kingdom||Norway, Spain|
International broadcasts and voting
The table below shows the order in which votes were cast during the 1963 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country. Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. Details of the commentators and the broadcasting station for which they represented are also included in the table below.
Voting and spokespersons
- United Kingdom - Pete Murray
- Netherlands - Pim Jacobs
- Germany - Werner Veigel
- Austria - Emil Kollpacher
- Norway - Roald Øyen
- Italy - Enzo Tortora
- Finland - Poppe Berg
- Denmark - TBC
- Yugoslavia - Miloje Orlović
- Switzerland - Alexandre Burger
- France - Armand Lanoux
- Spain - Julio Rico
- Sweden - Edvard Matz
- Belgium - Ward Bogaert
- Monaco - TBC
- Luxembourg - TBC
- Austria - Hanns Joachim Friedrichs (ORF)
- Belgium - Herman Verelst and Denise Maes (BRT); Pierre Delhasse (RTB)
- Denmark - Ole Mortensen (DR TV)
- Finland - Aarno Walli (Suomen Televisio), Erkki Melakoski (Yleisradio)
- France - Pierre Tchernia (RTF)
- Germany - Hanns Joachim Friedrichs (ARD Deutsches Fernsehen)
- Italy - Renato Tagliani (Programma Nazionale)
- Luxembourg - Pierre Tchernia (Télé-Luxembourg)
- Monaco - Pierre Tchernia (Télé Monte Carlo)
- Netherlands - Willem Duys (NTS)
- Norway - Øivind Johnsen (NRK and NRK P1)
- Portugal (non participating country) - TBC (RTP)
- Spain - Federico Gallo (TVE)
- Sweden - Jörgen Cederberg (Sveriges Radio-TV and SR P1)
- Switzerland - Theodor Haller (TV DRS); Georges Hardy (TSR); Renato Tagliani (TSI)
- United Kingdom - David Jacobs (BBC TV); Michael Aspel (BBC Light Programme)
- Yugoslavia - Ljubomir Vukadinović (Televizija Beograd); Gordana Bonetti (Televizija Zagreb); Saša Novak (Televizija Ljubljana)
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Media related to Eurovision Song Contest 1963 at Wikimedia Commons