Eurovision Song Contest 1964

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Eurovision Song Contest 1964
ESC 1964 logo.png
Dates
Final21 March 1964
Host
VenueTivolis Koncertsal
Copenhagen, Denmark
Presenter(s)Lotte Wæver
Musical directorKai Mortensen
Directed byPoul Leth Sørensen
Executive supervisorMiroslav Vilček
Host broadcasterDanmarks Radio (DR)
Opening actTivoli Youth Guard
Interval actBallet-Harlequinade
Websiteeurovision.tv/event/copenhagen-1964 Edit this at Wikidata
Participants
Number of entries16
Debuting countries Portugal
Returning countriesNone
Non-returning countries Sweden
Vote
Voting systemTen-member juries awarded points (5, 3 and 1) to their three favourite songs.
Nul points
Winning song Italy
"Non ho l'età"

The Eurovision Song Contest 1964 was the 9th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Copenhagen, Denmark, following Grethe & Jørgen Ingmann's win at the 1963 contest in London, United Kingdom with the song "Dansevise". It was the first time the contest took place in Denmark - also marking the first time a Nordic country hosted the event. The contest was held at Tivolis Koncertsal on Saturday 21 March 1964, and was hosted by Lotte Wæver.

Sixteen countries participated in the contest; Portugal made its debut, while Sweden decided not to enter after its participation the year prior.[1]

The winner was Italy with the song "Non ho l'età", performed by Gigliola Cinquetti, written by Nicola Salerno and composed by Mario Panzeri. This was Italy's first victory in the contest, which was the first victory for a Southern European country. At the age of 16 years and 92 days, Gigliola Cinquetti became the youngest winner of the contest yet; a record she held until 1986.[2]

Location[edit]

Tivolis Koncertsal, Copenhagen - host venue of the 1964 contest.

The host venue for the contest was Tivolis Koncertsal (Tivoli Concert Hall) in Denmark's capital city Copenhagen, which lies within Denmark's famous amusement park and pleasure garden Tivoli Gardens. The park, alluding by its name to the Jardin de Tivoli that existed in Paris, was opened on 15 August 1843, and is the second oldest amusement park in the world, after Dyrehavsbakken in nearby Klampenborg.[3]

Format[edit]

Each country had 10 jury members who distributed three points among their one, two, or three favourite songs. The points were totaled and the first, second, and third placed songs were awarded 5, 3, and 1 votes in order. If only one song got every point within the jury it would get all 9 points. If only two songs were chosen, the songs would get 6 and 3 points in order.[4]

A political protest occurred after the Swiss entry: a man trespassed onto the stage holding a banner that read "Boycott Franco & Salazar". Whilst this was going on, television viewers were shown a shot of the scoreboard; once the man was removed the contest went on.[5]

The immediate response of the Koncertsal audience to the Italian entry was markedly enthusiastic and prolonged and, most unusually for a contest performance, after leaving the stage Gigliola Cinquetti was allowed to return to take a second bow. Her performance was given an unscheduled repeat on British television the following afternoon. In the event, she won the most crushing victory in the history of the contest, with a score almost three times that of her nearest rival, a feat extremely unlikely ever to be beaten under the post-1974 scoring system.

As with the 1956 contest, no video recording of the actual contest performance was known to survive (although one does of the shorter winning reprise); however, like the 1956 contest, an audio recording does exist. (Videos of Cinquetti's Sanremo performance and her Eurovision winning reprise have both appeared on YouTube.) A copy of the entire contest has been found to exist in the French television archives, although it is not yet available to view online.[6] It has been speculated that the BBC also recorded the entire show, as an empty tape canister marked "Eurovision 1964" was found during a storage cleanup, but the tape was missing, presumably wiped.[7] The audio of the entire show, however, is still available online, and an unofficial release of the show has been uploaded to YouTube with press-photos and some intact video parts to supplement the audio. Kaleidoscope might have unearthed a 16mm recording of the contest in Malta, and have found the full reprise of the winning song in Germany.

Participating countries[edit]

Sweden did not participate because of a boycott by singers. They did however broadcast it. Portugal made its début in the contest, however they became the first country to score nul points on their début. Germany, Switzerland, and Yugoslavia also scored nul points for the first time. The Netherlands became the first country to send a singer of non-European ancestry, Anneke Grönloh was of Indonesian descent.[4] The Spanish group Los TNT was the first group of three or more participants of the history of the ESC.

Returning artists[edit]

One artist returned to the contest this year, Switzerland's Anita Traversi that represented the country in 1960.[4]

Conductors[edit]

Each performance had a conductor who conducted the orchestra.[8][9]

Results[edit]

Draw Country Artist Song Language[10][11] Place Points
01  Luxembourg Hugues Aufray "Dès que le printemps revient" French 4 14
02  Netherlands Anneke Grönloh "Jij bent mijn leven" Dutch 10 2
03  Norway Arne Bendiksen "Spiral" Norwegian 8 6
04  Denmark Bjørn Tidmand "Sangen om dig" Danish 9 4
05  Finland Lasse Mårtenson "Laiskotellen" Finnish 7 9
06  Austria Udo Jürgens "Warum nur, warum?" German 6 11
07  France Rachel "Le chant de Mallory" French 4 14
08  United Kingdom Matt Monro "I Love the Little Things" English 2 17
09  Germany Nora Nova "Man gewöhnt sich so schnell an das Schöne" German 13 0
10  Monaco Romuald "Où sont-elles passées" French 3 15
11  Portugal António Calvário "Oração" Portuguese 13 0
12  Italy Gigliola Cinquetti "Non ho l'età" Italian 1 49
13  Yugoslavia Sabahudin Kurt "Život je sklopio krug" (Живот је склопио круг) Serbo-Croatian 13 0
14   Switzerland Anita Traversi "I miei pensieri" Italian 13 0
15  Belgium Robert Cogoi "Près de ma rivière" French 10 2
16  Spain Los TNT "Caracola" Spanish 12 1

Scoreboard[edit]

Dutch contestant Anneke Grönloh's dress
Voting results
Total score
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Norway
Denmark
Finland
Austria
France
United Kingdom
Germany
Monaco
Portugal
Italy
Yugoslavia
Switzerland
Belgium
Spain
Contestants
Luxembourg 14 3 3 5 3
Netherlands 2 1 1
Norway 6 5 1
Denmark 4 1 3
Finland 9 3 3 3
Austria 11 5 1 5
France 14 1 3 5 3 1 1
United Kingdom 17 1 5 3 1 1 1 5
Germany 0
Monaco 15 3 5 3 1 3
Portugal 0
Italy 49 5 5 5 5 5 3 3 5 5 3 5
Yugoslavia 0
Switzerland 0
Belgium 2 1 1
Spain 1 1

5 points[edit]

Below is a summary of all 5 points in the final:

N. Contestant Voting nation
8 Italy Austria, Belgium, Finland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, United Kingdom, Yugoslavia
2 Austria Italy, Spain
United Kingdom Norway, Switzerland
1 France Monaco
Luxembourg Germany
Monaco France
Norway Denmark

Broadcasters, commentators and spokespersons[edit]

Spokespersons[edit]

Listed below is the order in which votes were cast during the 1964 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country.[12]

Broadcasters and commentators[edit]

Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language.

Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
Participating countries
 Austria ORF Willy Kralik [de] [12]
 Belgium RTB French: Paule Herreman [12][13]
BRT Dutch: Herman Verelst [nl] [12]
 Denmark DR TV No commentator [12]
 Finland Suomen Televisio Aarno Walli [fi] [12]
Yleisohjelma Erkki Melakoski [fi]
 France Première Chaîne ORTF Robert Beauvais [12][13]
 Germany Deutsches Fernsehen Hermann Rockmann [de] [12]
 Italy Programma Nazionale Renato Tagliani [it] [12]
 Luxembourg Télé-Luxembourg Jacques Navadic [12]
 Monaco Télé Monte Carlo Robert Beauvais
 Netherlands NTS Ageeth Scherphuis [nl] [12][14]
 Norway NRK and NRK P1 Odd Grythe [12]
 Portugal RTP A. Gomes Ferreira [12]
 Spain TVE Federico Gallo [es] [12]
  Switzerland TV DRS German: Theodor Haller [de] [12]
TSR French: Robert Burnier [15]
TSI Italian: Renato Tagliani
 United Kingdom BBC TV David Jacobs [12][9]
BBC Light Programme Tom Sloan
 Yugoslavia Televizija Beograd Serbo-Croatian: Miloje Orlović [sr]
Televizija Zagreb Serbo-Croatian: Gordana Bonetti [hr]
Televizija Ljubljana Slovene: Tomaž Terček [sl]
Non-participating countries
 Sweden Sveriges TV and SR P1 Sven Lindahl [12][16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Copenhagen 1964". Eurovision.tv.
  2. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official Celebration. Carlton Books, 2015. ISBN 978-1-78097-638-9. Pages 32-33
  3. ^ Tivoli – Tivoli Gardens Copenhagen – Copenhagen Portal – Tourist Guide. Copenhagenet.dk. Retrieved on 15 August 2011.
  4. ^ a b c "Eurovision Song Contest 1964". EBU. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  5. ^ Tragaki, Dafni (2002). Empire of Song: Europe and Nation in the Eurovision Song Contest. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 224. ISBN 9780810888173.
  6. ^ http://inatheque.ina.fr/doc/TV-RADIO/DA_CPF96003532/9eme-concours-eurovision-de-la-chanson-1964?rang=334
  7. ^ The Lost Tapes: BBC documentary about wiping during the 60s, aired on BBC Three in 2009
  8. ^ "And the conductor is..." Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  9. ^ a b Roxburgh, Gordon (2012). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume One: The 1950s and 1960s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 348–358. ISBN 978-1-84583-065-6.
  10. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1964". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  11. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1964". 4Lyrics.eu. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Eurovision 1964 - Cast and Crew". IMDb. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  13. ^ a b Christian Masson. "1964 - Copenhague". Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  14. ^ "Dokumentaire over Schiermonnikoog". De Leeuwarder Courant (in Dutch). 23 March 1964.
  15. ^ "Programme TV du 15 au 21 mars". Radio TV - Je vois tout. Lausanne, Switzerland: Le Radio SA. 12 March 1964.
  16. ^ Thorsson, Leif (2006). Melodifestivalen genom tiderna [Melodifestivalen through time]. Stockholm: Premium Publishing AB. p. 48. ISBN 91-89136-29-2.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°40′25″N 12°34′06″E / 55.67361°N 12.56833°E / 55.67361; 12.56833