Eurovision Song Contest 1969
|Eurovision Song Contest 1969|
|Final||29 March 1969|
|Musical director||Augusto Algueró|
|Directed by||Ramón Díez|
|Executive supervisor||Clifford Brown|
|Host broadcaster||Televisión Española (TVE)|
|Interval act||"La España diferente" film|
|Number of entries||16|
|Voting system||Ten-member juries distributed ten points among their favourite songs.|
The Eurovision Song Contest 1969 was the 14th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest.
Four countries (the United Kingdom, Spain, the Netherlands and France) won the contest, the first time ever a tie had occurred. However, there was no rule at the time to cover such an eventuality, so all four countries were declared joint winners.
France's win was their fourth, thus making it the first country to win the contest four times. The Netherlands' win was their third. Spain and the United Kingdom each won for the second time. And it was the first time that any country (Spain, in this case) had a winning ESC entry two years in a row. This is so far the only occasion Spain has hosted the contest, as well as their last win to date.
The venue selected to host the 1969 contest was the Teatro Real, an opera house located in Madrid. The theatre reopened in 1966 as a concert theatre and the main concert venue of the Spanish National Orchestra and the RTVE Symphony Orchestra. The final featured an onstage metal sculpture created by surrealist Spanish artist, Amadeo Gabino.
The surrealist Spanish artist Salvador Dalí was responsible for designing the publicity material for the 1969 contest. It was the first time that the contest resulted in a tie for first place, with four countries each gaining 18 votes. Since there was at the time no rule to cover such an eventuality, all four countries were declared joint winners. This caused an unfortunate problem concerning the medals due to be distributed to the winners as there were not enough to go round, so that only the singers received their medals on the night: the songwriters, to some disgruntlement, were not awarded theirs until after the date of the contest. ESC 1969 was the second to be filmed and transmitted in colour, even though TVE did not have colour equipment at the time. It had to rent colour TV cameras from the ARD German network. In Spain itself the broadcast was seen in black and white because the local transmitters did not support colour transmissions. The equipment for archiving the broadcast did not arrive in time, so TVE only had a black and white copy of the contest, until a colour copy was discovered in the archives of the NRK.
Austria was absent from the contest, officially because they could not find a suitable representative, but it was rumoured that they refused to participate in a contest staged in Franco-ruled Spain. Wales wanted to debut with Welsh language broadcaster BBC Cymru, and also made a national selection called Cân i Gymru, but in the end it was decided they would not participate in the competition – their participation was rejected because Wales is not a sovereign state. Only the BBC has the exclusive right to represent the United Kingdom.
- Yugoslavia – Miljenko Prohaska
- Luxembourg – Augusto Algueró
- Spain – Augusto Algueró
- Monaco – Hervé Roy
- Ireland – Noel Kelehan
- Italy – Ezio Leoni
- United Kingdom – Johnny Harris
- Netherlands – Frans de Kok
- Sweden – Lars Samuelson
- Belgium – Francis Bay
- Switzerland – Henry Mayer
- Norway – Øivind Bergh
- Germany – Hans Blum
- France – Franck Pourcel
- Portugal – Ferrer Trindade
- Finland – Ossi Runne
|Siw Malmkvist||Germany||1960 (for Sweden)|
|Romuald||Luxembourg||1964 (for Monaco)|
|Simone de Oliveira||Portugal||1965|
|Kirsti Sparboe||Norway||1965, 1967|
Although neither jury made any errors in their announcements, scrutineer Clifford Brown asked both the Spanish and the Monegasque juries to repeat their scores. No adjustments were made to the scoring as a result of the repetition.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2021)
Listed below is the order in which votes were cast during the 1969 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country.
- Yugoslavia – Helga Vlahović
- Luxembourg – TBC
- Spain – Ramón Rivera
- Monaco – TBC
- Ireland – John Skehan
- Italy – Mike Bongiorno
- United Kingdom – Colin Ward-Lewis
- Netherlands – Leo Nelissen
- Sweden – Edvard Matz
- Belgium – Eugène Senelle
- Switzerland – Alexandre Burger
- Norway – Janka Polanyi
- Germany – Hans-Otto Grünefeldt
- France – Jean-Claude Massoulier
- Portugal – Maria Manuela Furtado
- Finland – Poppe Berg
This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2021)
Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language.
|East Germany||Deutscher Fernsehfunk||Unknown|||
|Soviet Union||CT USSR||Unknown|||
- Sverre Christophersen was the commentator during the broadcast, however the connection between Madrid and Oslo was disabled slightly midway through the broadcast. Janka Polanyi entered as a temporary commentator before NRK used the commentary from the Swedish feed. Just before the voting began, NRK managed to regain the connection, thus Christophersen was back as commentator.
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- "And the conductor is..." Retrieved 10 July 2018.
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- "Eurovision Song Contest 1969". 4Lyrics.eu. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
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- "Results of the Final of Madrid 1969". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 8 April 2021. Retrieved 8 April 2021.
- "Eurovision Song Contest 1969 – Scoreboard". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 1 July 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
- "Infosajten.com". Infosajten.com. Archived from the original on 18 July 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "Drieluik Madrid, met een viertal kanshebbers naar het uur H", Emiel Janssens, Gazet van Antwerpen, 29 March 1969
- Tchernia, Pierre et al. (29 March 1969). 14ème Concours Eurovision de la Chanson 1969 [14th Eurovision Song Contest 1969] (Television production). Spain: TVE, ORTF (commentary).
- Christian Masson. "1969 – Madrid". Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "Nederlandse televisiecommentatoren bij het Eurovisie Songfestival". Eurovision Artists (in Dutch).
- Thorsson, Leif (2006). Melodifestivalen genom tiderna [Melodifestivalen through time]. Stockholm: Premium Publishing AB. p. 80. ISBN 91-89136-29-2.
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