Eurovision Song Contest 1983

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Eurovision Song Contest 1983
ESC 1983 logo.png
Dates
Final23 April 1983
Host
VenueRudi-Sedlmayer-Halle
Munich, West Germany
Presenter(s)Marlene Charell
Musical directorDieter Reith
Directed byRainer Bertram
Executive supervisorFrank Naef
Executive producer
  • Christian Hayer
  • Günther Lebram
Host broadcasterArbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (ARD)
Bayerischer Rundfunk (BR)
Opening actMarlene Charell introducing each act and calling all of them on stage together.
Interval actClassical music films medley performed by Marlene Charell.
Websiteeurovision.tv/event/munich-1983 Edit this at Wikidata
Participants
Number of entries20
Debuting countriesNone
Returning countries
Non-returning countries Ireland
  • Belgium in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983Switzerland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983Monaco in the Eurovision Song ContestLuxembourg in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983Ireland in the Eurovision Song ContestDenmark in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983Finland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983Sweden in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983Israel in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983Greece in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983Malta in the Eurovision Song ContestAustria in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983France in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983Turkey in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983Morocco in the Eurovision Song ContestCyprus in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983A coloured map of the countries of Europe
    About this image
         Participating countries     Countries that participated in the past but not in 1983
Vote
Voting systemEach country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs
Nul points
Winning song Luxembourg
"Si la vie est cadeau"
1982 ← Eurovision Song Contest → 1984

The Eurovision Song Contest 1983 was the 28th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It was held in Munich, then West Germany, following the country's victory at the 1982 contest with the song "Ein bißchen Frieden" by Nicole. This was the second time Germany hosted the competition, having previously done so in 1957. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcasters Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (ARD) and Bayerischer Rundfunk (BR), the contest was held at the Rudi-Sedlmayer-Halle on Saturday 23 April 1983 and was hosted by Marlene Charell.

The winner was Luxembourg with the song "Si la vie est cadeau" by Corinne Hermes. This was Luxembourg's fifth victory in the contest which equalled the record set by France in 1977. It was also the second year in a row where the winning entry was performed last on the night and the second year in a row in which Israel won 2nd place. For the third year in a row, at least one country ended up with nul points, and in this case, it happened to be two countries, Spain and Turkey, neither of whom were able to get off the mark.

The 1983 contest was the first to be televised in Australia, via Channel 0/28 (now SBS Television) in Sydney and Melbourne. The contest went on to become a very popular show in Australia, leading to the country's debut at the 60th anniversary contest in 2015.

Location[edit]

Rudi-Sedlmayer-Halle, Munich – host venue of the 1983 contest.

Munich is a German city and capital of the Bavarian state. As the capital, Munich houses the parliament and state government. Rudi-Sedlmayer-Halle was chosen to host the contest. It was initially named after the president of the Bavarian State Sport Association. The 6,700-seat hall opened in 1972 to host basketball events for the 1972 Summer Olympics.

Format[edit]

Stage design[edit]

The set that year was a quite small, arc-shaped stage surrounding the orchestra section, and a large background resembling giant electric heaters, which lit up in different sequences and combinations depending on the nature and rhythm of the songs.

Presentation format[edit]

Hostess Marlene Charell made all of her announcements in German before translating a repetition in both French and English. After presenting all of the 20 participating acts at the start of the show and then making a formal welcome, Charell also introduced each song individually, standing in front of elaborate floral arrangements, all of which she had designed herself, in place of a pre-filmed 'postcard'. In all three languages, Charel named the country, song title, performing artist, author, composer and conductor. Together with an on screen title card naming the upcoming country prior to her verbal introductions, this extended the break in between each song to three minutes minimally.

Due to host Marlene Charell's choice to announce points in three languages instead of two, the voting went on for nearly an hour, stretching the Eurovision contest past three hours for the second time ever, after 1979.[1] In addition, Charell made 13 language mistakes throughout the voting,[1] some as innocuous as mixing up the words for "points" between the three languages, some as major as nearly awarding points to "Schweden" (Sweden) that were meant for "Schweiz" (Switzerland).

The language problems also occurred during the contest introductions, as Charell introduced the Finnish singer Ami Aspelund as "Ami Aspesund", furthermore she introduced the Norwegian conductor Sigurd Jansen as "...Johannes...Skorgan...",[2] having been forced to make up a name on the spot after forgetting the conductor's name.

Interval act[edit]

The interval show was a dance number set to a medley of German songs which had become internationally famous, including "Strangers in the Night". The host, Marlene Charell, was the lead dancer.

Song success[edit]

Ofra Haza from Israel, who took the second place, had an enduring success with her song "Hi" (חי) which became a hit in Europe, launching her career. This year also marked the first performance of Sweden's Carola Häggkvist, who took the third place, went on to win the contest in 1991 and represented her country again in 2006 (coming fifth). Her song, "Främling", became very popular in Sweden and in various other European countries. In the Netherlands, the song reached the top five, coupled with a Dutch-language version ("Je ogen hebben geen geheimen") which was performed by Carola herself. The 4th placed "Džuli", also became a hit in Europe. Singer Daniel released an English-language version as "Julie".

Voting[edit]

Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) to their top ten songs.

Nul points[edit]

This year's nul points were shared by Spain and Turkey. Spain's Remedios Amaya presented a song which was a stark departure from pop tastes and conventional perception of melody and harmony as it was a flamenco one, a style traditionally tied with the international image of Spain. Additionally, she sang her song barefoot. Some olés were heard from the present audience when she ended her performance. Turkey's entry, Opera, performed by Çetin Alp & the Short Waves, could on the other hand be said to fit in well with the spirit of Eurovision of that time. Nevertheless, the overinterpretation of the theme of the song, as well as the fact that the lyrics of the song consisted for the most part of the often-repeated word "opera" and names of well-known operas and composers, and Çetin's breaking into operatic "lay lay la", prompted extensive derision of the song, including the usual sardonic words from BBC commentator Terry Wogan ("a nicely understated performance there").

Participating countries[edit]

Twenty countries took part in the contest. Though France and Greece had not participated the previous year, they returned for 1983. Italy that not participated the two previous years, also returned. Ireland that had participated the previous year, was absent this year, because RTÉ was in strike action at that time.[3]

Conductors[edit]

Each performance had a conductor who directed the orchestra.[4][5]

Returning artists[edit]

Artist Country Previous year(s)
Guy Bonnet  France 1970
Sandra Reemer (backing singer)  Netherlands 1972 (along with Andres Holten), 1976, 1979 (as Xandra)
Jahn Teigen  Norway 1978, 1982
Anita Skorgan (backing singer) 1977, 1979, 1982
Izolda Barudžija (backing singer)  Yugoslavia 1982 (part of Aska)

Results[edit]

Draw Country Artist Song Language[6][7] Place[8] Points
01  France Guy Bonnet "Vivre" French 8 56
02  Norway Jahn Teigen "Do Re Mi" Norwegian 9 53
03  United Kingdom Sweet Dreams "I'm Never Giving Up" English 6 79
04  Sweden Carola Häggkvist "Främling" Swedish 3 126
05  Italy Riccardo Fogli "Per Lucia" Italian 11 41
06  Turkey Çetin Alp & the Short Waves "Opera" Turkish 19 0
07  Spain Remedios Amaya "¿Quién maneja mi barca?" Spanish 19 0
08   Switzerland Mariella Farré "Io così non ci sto" Italian 15 28
09  Finland Ami Aspelund "Fantasiaa" Finnish 11 41
10  Greece Christie Stasinopoulou "Mou les" (Μου λες) Greek 14 32
11  Netherlands Bernadette "Sing Me a Song" Dutch 7 66
12  Yugoslavia Daniel "Džuli" (Џули) Serbo-Croatian 4 125
13  Cyprus Stavros & Constantina "I agapi akoma zi" (Η αγάπη ακόμα ζει) Greek 16 26
14  Germany Hoffmann & Hoffmann "Rücksicht" German 5 94
15  Denmark Gry Johansen "Kloden drejer" Danish 17 16
16  Israel Ofra Haza "Hi" (חי) Hebrew 2 136
17  Portugal Armando Gama "Esta balada que te dou" Portuguese 13 33
18  Austria Westend "Hurricane" German 9 53
19  Belgium Pas de Deux "Rendez-vous" Dutch 18 13
20  Luxembourg Corinne Hermès "Si la vie est cadeau" French 1 142

Scoreboard[edit]

Voting results[9][10]
Total score
France
Norway
United Kingdom
Sweden
Italy
Turkey
Spain
Switzerland
Finland
Greece
Netherlands
Yugoslavia
Cyprus
Germany
Denmark
Israel
Portugal
Austria
Belgium
Luxembourg
Contestants
France 56 3 10 10 6 7 2 3 4 4 1 3 3
Norway 53 5 3 6 8 1 8 4 6 3 7 2
United Kingdom 79 5 5 12 2 5 8 5 5 6 3 5 2 10 6
Sweden 126 6 12 8 8 7 2 5 10 10 3 1 7 12 10 8 4 8 5
Italy 41 7 2 4 3 1 2 8 1 6 7
Turkey 0
Spain 0
Switzerland 28 1 7 1 7 6 1 5
Finland 41 1 2 6 3 4 8 7 7 2 1
Greece 32 3 12 5 12
Netherlands 66 2 7 1 6 4 2 12 3 5 5 2 4 3 4 2 4
Yugoslavia 125 8 12 1 12 10 12 6 7 8 6 12 10 1 12 8
Cyprus 26 4 1 6 5 1 5 4
Germany 94 10 10 7 8 6 2 4 1 10 3 8 7 6 12
Denmark 16 2 7 1 4 2
Israel 136 8 6 10 5 3 6 7 7 3 12 10 10 7 10 12 10 10
Portugal 33 4 1 5 6 2 6 2 7
Austria 53 3 4 5 10 4 4 4 3 6 2 5 3
Belgium 13 4 8 1
Luxembourg 142 12 10 12 8 7 3 8 12 1 12 10 8 2 12 12 5 8

12 points[edit]

Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
6  Luxembourg  France,  Greece,  Israel,  Italy,  Portugal,  Yugoslavia
5  Yugoslavia  Belgium,  Denmark,  Finland,  Turkey,  United Kingdom
2  Greece  Cyprus,  Spain
 Israel  Austria,  Netherlands
 Sweden  Germany,  Norway
1  Germany  Luxembourg
 Netherlands   Switzerland
 United Kingdom  Sweden

Spokespersons[edit]

Each country announced their votes in the order of performance. The following is a list of spokespersons who announced the votes for their respective country.

Broadcasts[edit]

National broadcasters were able to send a commentary team to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language.

Broadcasters and commentators in participating countries
Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
 Austria FS2 Ernst Grissemann [de] [19]
Hitradio Ö3 Rudolf Klausnitzer
 Belgium BRT TV1 Dutch: Luc Appermont [20]
RTBF1 French: Jacques Mercier
BRT Radio 1 Dutch: Herwig Haes
RTBF La Première French: Jacques Olivier
 Cyprus RIK Fryni Papadopoulou [16]
RIK Deftero Neophytos Taliotis
 Denmark DR TV Jørgen de Mylius [21]
DR P3 Karen Thisted [dk]
 Finland YLE TV1 Erkki Pohjanheimo [22]
YLE Rinnakkaisohjelma Markus Similä
 France Antenne 2 Léon Zitrone [23]
France Inter Philippe Caloni [fr]
 Germany Deutsches Fernsehen Ado Schlier [de]
Deutschlandfunk/hr3/Bayern 2 Roger Horné [de]
 Greece ERT Mako Georgiadou [el] [24]
Proto Programma Dimitris Konstantaras [el]
 Israel Israeli Television No commentator
Reshet Gimel Daniel Pe'er
 Italy Rete 1 Paolo Frajese
Rai Radio 1 Antonio Caprarica [it]
 Luxembourg RTL Télévision Valérie Sarn [fr] [23]
RTL André Torrent [fr]
 Netherlands Nederland 1 Willem Duys [25]
 Norway NRK Ivar Dyrhaug [26]
NRK P1 Erik Heyerdahl [no]
 Portugal RTP1 Eládio Clímaco [18]
 Spain TVE 1 José-Miguel Ullán [27]
 Sweden TV1 Ulf Elfving [12]
SR P3 Kent Finell [12]
  Switzerland TV DRS German: Theodor Haller [de] [28]
TSR French: Georges Hardy [fr]
TSI Italian: Giovanni Bertini
 Turkey TRT Başak Doğru
TRT Radyo 3 Bülent Osma
 United Kingdom BBC1 Terry Wogan [29][5]
British Forces Radio Richard Nankivell [5]
 Yugoslavia TVB 2 Serbo-Croatian: Mladen Popović
TVZ 1 Serbo-Croatian: Oliver Mlakar
TVL 1 Slovene: Tomaž Terček [sl]
Broadcasters and commentators in non-participating countries
Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
 Australia Channel 0/28 Terry Wogan [5]
 Iceland Sjónvarpið Unknown
 Ireland RTÉ 1 Terry Wogan [5]
RTÉ Radio 1 Brendan Balfe

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Eurovision 1983 facts
  2. ^ Boom-Bang-a-Bang: Eurovision's Funniest Moments, BBC-TV, hosted by Terry Wogan
  3. ^ "Ireland in the Eurovision Song Contest". Best Irish Facts. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  4. ^ "And the conductor is..." Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Roxburgh, Gordon (2017). Songs For Europe - The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Three: The 1980s. UK: Telos Publishing. pp. 165–180. ISBN 978-1-84583-118-9.
  6. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1983". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  7. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1983". 4Lyrics.eu. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  8. ^ "Final of Munich 1983". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 15 April 2021. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  9. ^ "Results of the Final of Munich 1983". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 15 April 2021. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  10. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1983 – Scoreboard". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2021.
  11. ^ Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)
  12. ^ a b c "Infosajten.com". Infosajten.com. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  13. ^ "Remedios Amaya actúa en séptimo lugar en el Festival de Eurovisión | Edición impresa | EL PAÍS". Elpais.com. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  14. ^ Baumann, Peter Ramón (OGAE Switzerland)
  15. ^ "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  16. ^ a b Savvidis, Christos (OGAE Cyprus)
  17. ^ "פורום אירוויזיון". Sf.tapuz.co.il. 1999-09-13. Archived from the original on October 8, 2011. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  18. ^ a b "Comentadores Do ESC - escportugalforum.pt.vu | o forum eurovisivo português". 21595.activeboard.com. Archived from the original on April 21, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  19. ^ [1] Archived October 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Adriaens, Manu & Loeckx-Van Cauwenberge, Joken. Blijven kiken!. Lannoo, Belgium. 2003 ISBN 90-209-5274-9
  21. ^ "Forside". esconnet.dk. Archived from the original on 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  22. ^ "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  23. ^ a b Christian Masson. "1983 - Munich". Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  24. ^ "Η Μακώ Γεωργιάδου και η EUROVISION (1970-1986)". Retromaniax.gr. Archived from the original on 2017-10-17. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  25. ^ "Welkom op de site van Eurovision Artists". Eurovisionartists.nl. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  26. ^ "Hvem kommenterte før Jostein Pedersen? - Debattforum". Nrk.no. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  27. ^ "FORO FESTIVAL DE EUROVISIÓN • Ver Tema - Uribarri comentarista Eurovision 2010". Eurosongcontest.phpbb3.es. Archived from the original on 2012-03-17. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  28. ^ KleinReport.ch. "Ehemalige "SF-DRS-Stimme Englands" Theodor Haller gestorben - Klein Report - News, alles über Kommunikation und Medien". KleinReport.ch. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  29. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 1983 BBC Archives

External links[edit]