Eurovision Song Contest 1983
|Eurovision Song Contest 1983|
|Final||23 April 1983|
Munich, West Germany
|Musical director||Dieter Reith|
|Directed by||Rainer Bertram|
|Executive supervisor||Frank Naef|
|Host broadcaster||Arbeitsgemeinschaft Rundfunkanstalten Deutschland (ARD)|
Bayerischer Rundfunk (BR)
|Opening act||Marlene Charell introducing each act and calling all of them on stage together.|
|Interval act||Classical music films medley performed by Marlene Charell.|
|Number of entries||20|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs|
|Winning song|| Luxembourg|
"Si la vie est cadeau"
The Eurovision Song Contest 1983 was the 28th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It was held in Munich, then West Germany, on 23 April 1983. The presenter was Marlene Charell. Corinne Hermes was the winner of this Eurovision with the song, "Si la vie est cadeau". This was Luxembourg's fifth victory in the contest which equalled the record set by France in 1977. It was also the second year in a row where the winning entry was performed last on the night and the second year in a row in which Israel won 2nd place. For the third year in a row, at least one country ended up with nul points, and in this case, it happened to be two countries, Spain and Turkey, neither of whom were able to get off the mark.
The set that year was a quite small, arc-shaped stage surrounding the orchestra section, and a large background resembling giant electric heaters, which lit up in different sequences and combinations depending on the nature and rhythm of the songs. The 1983 contest was the first to be televised in Australia, via Channel 0/28 (now SBS Television) in Sydney and Melbourne. The contest went on to become a very popular show in Australia, leading to the country's debut at the 60th anniversary contest in 2015. Ireland was not in the contest because RTÉ was in strike action at that time.
Munich is a German city and capital of the Bavarian state. As the capital, Munich houses the parliament and state government. Rudi-Sedlmayer-Halle was chosen to host the contest. It was initially named after the president of the Bavarian State Sport Association. The 6,700-seat hall opened in 1972 to host basketball events for the 1972 Summer Olympics.
Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) to their top ten songs.
Due to Charell's choice to announce points in three languages instead of two, the voting went on for nearly an hour, stretching the Eurovision contest past three hours for the second time ever, after 1979. In addition, Charell made 13 language mistakes throughout the voting, some as innocuous as mixing up the words for "points" between the three languages, some as major as nearly awarding points to "Schweden" (Sweden) that were meant for "Schweiz" (Switzerland).
The language problems also occurred during the contest introductions, as Charell introduced the Finnish singer Ami Aspelund as "Ami Aspesund", furthermore she introduced the Norwegian conductor Sigurd Jansen as "...Johannes...Skorgan...", having been forced to make up a name on the spot after forgetting the conductor's name.
Ofra Haza from Israel, who took the second place, had an enduring success with her song "Hi" (חי) which became a hit in Europe, launching her career. This year also marked the first performance of Sweden's Carola Häggkvist, who took the third place, went on to win the contest in 1991 and represented her country again in 2006 (coming fifth). Her song, "Främling", became very popular in Sweden and in various other European countries. In the Netherlands, the song reached the top five, coupled with a Dutch-language version ("Je ogen hebben geen geheimen") which was performed by Carola herself. The 4th placed "Džuli", also became a hit in Europe. Singer Daniel released an English-language version as "Julie".
This year's nul points were shared by Spain and Turkey. Spain's Remedios Amaya presented a song which was a stark departure from pop tastes and conventional perception of melody and harmony as it was a flamenco one, a style traditionally tied with the international image of Spain. Additionally, she sang her song barefoot. Some olés were heard from the present audience when she ended her performance. Turkey's entry, Opera, performed by Çetin Alp & the Short Waves, could on the other hand be said to fit in well with the spirit of Eurovision of that time. Nevertheless, the overinterpretation of the theme of the song, as well as the fact that the lyrics of the song consisted for the most part of the often-repeated word "opera" and names of well-known operas and composers, and Çetin's breaking into operatic "lay lay la", prompted extensive derision of the song, including the usual sardonic words from BBC commentator Terry Wogan ("a nicely understated performance there").
The interval show was a dance number set to a medley of German songs which had become internationally famous, including "Strangers in the Night". The host, Marlene Charell, was the lead dancer.
- France – François Rauber
- Norway – Sigurd Jansen
- United Kingdom – John Coleman
- Sweden – Anders Ekdahl
- Italy – Maurizio Fabrizio
- Turkey – Buğra Uğur
- Spain – José Miguel Evoras
- Switzerland – Robert Weber
- Finland – Ossi Runne
- Greece – Mimis Plessas
- Netherlands – Piet Souer
- Yugoslavia – Radovan Papović
- Cyprus – Michalis Rozakis
- Germany – Dieter Reith
- Denmark – Allan Botschinsky
- Israel – Silvio Nanssi Brandes
- Portugal – Mike Sergeant
- Austria – Richard Österreicher
- Belgium – Freddy Sunder
- Luxembourg – Michel Bernholc
|Jahn Teigen||Norway||1978, 1982|
|Anita Skorgan (with Jahn Teigen)||1977, 1979, 1982|
Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:
|6||Luxembourg||France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Portugal, Yugoslavia|
|5||Yugoslavia||Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Turkey, United Kingdom|
- France – Léon Zitrone (Antenne 2)
- Norway – Ivar Dyrhaug (NRK)
- United Kingdom – Terry Wogan (BBC1)
- Sweden – Ulf Elfving (SVT, TV1)
- Italy – Paolo Frajese (Rete 1)
- Turkey – Başak Doğru (TRT)
- Spain – José-Miguel Ullán (TVE1)
- Switzerland – German: Theodor Haller (TV DRS), French: Georges Hardy (TSR), Italian: Giovanni Bertini (TSI)
- Finland – Erkki Pohjanheimo (YLE TV1)
- Greece – Mako Georgiadou (ERT)
- Netherlands – Willem Duys (Nederland 1)
- Yugoslavia – Mladen Popović (TVB2), Oliver Mlakar (TVZ 1), Tomaž Terček (TVL1)
- Cyprus – Fryni Papadopoulou (RIK)
- Germany – Ado Schlier (ARD Deutsches Fernsehen)
- Denmark – Jørgen de Mylius (DR TV)
- Israel – No commentator
- Portugal – Eládio Clímaco (RTP1)
- Austria – Ernst Grissemann (FS2)
- Belgium – Dutch: Luc Appermont (BRT TV1), French: Jacques Mercier (Télé 2)
- Luxembourg – Valérie Sarn (RTL Télévision)
- Australia - N/A (Channel 0/28, now SBS)
- Iceland – TBC (Sjónvarpið)
- Ireland – Terry Wogan (RTÉ 1, via the BBC)
Some participating countries did not provide radio broadcasts for the event; the ones who did are listed below.
- France – Philippe Caloni (France Inter)
- Norway – Erik Heyerdahl (NRK P1)
- United Kingdom – Richard Nankivell (British Forces Radio)
- Sweden – Kent Finell (SR P3)
- Italy – Antonio Caprarica (Rai Radio 1)
- Turkey – Bülent Osma (TRT Radyo 3)
- Finland – Markus Similä (YLE Rinnakkaisohjelma)
- Greece – Dimitris Konstantaras (Proto Programma)
- Cyprus – Neophytos Taliotis (CyBC Radio 2)
- Germany – Roger Horné (Deutschlandfunk/hr3/Bayern 2)
- Denmark – Karen Thisted (DR P3)
- Israel – Daniel Pe'er (Reshet Gimel)
- Austria – Rudolf Klausnitzer (Hitradio Ö3)
- Belgium – Dutch: Herwig Haes (BRT Radio 1), French: Jacques Olivier (RTBF La Première)
- Luxembourg – André Torrent (RTL Radio)
Each country announced their votes in the order of performance. The following is a list of spokespersons who announced the votes for their respective country.
- France - Nicole André
- Norway - Erik Diesen
- United Kingdom - Colin Berry
- Sweden - Agneta Bolme-Börjefors
- Italy - Paola Perissi
- Turkey – Fatih Orbay
- Spain - Rosa Campano
- Switzerland - Michel Stocker
- Finland - Solveig Herlin
- Greece - Irini Gavala
- Netherlands - Flip van der Schalie
- Yugoslavia - TBD
- Cyprus - Anna Partelidou
- Germany - Carolin Reiber
- Denmark - Bent Henius
- Israel - Yitzhak Shim'oni
- Portugal - João Abel Fonseca
- Austria - Tilia Herold
- Belgium - An Ploegaerts
- Luxembourg - Jacques Harvey
National jury members
- United Kingdom – Michael Wells, Nancy McLardie
- Spain – María del Carmen Campos (administrative assistant), Luis Fernando Reyes (economist), Paloma Pérez (stewardess), Bautista Serra (industrialist), María Rosario Cano (student), Marcial Pereira (student), Gloria Moro (housewife), Virginia Mataix (actress), Adelardo Cano (teacher), Antonio Hipólito Romero (taxi driver), Antonio Prieto (athlete)
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