Eurovision Song Contest 1992
|Eurovision Song Contest 1992|
|Final||9 May 1992|
|Musical director||Anders Berglund|
|Directed by||Kåge Gimtell|
|Executive supervisor||Frank Naef|
|Host broadcaster||Sveriges Television (SVT)|
|Opening act||Carola performing "All the Reasons to Live"|
|Interval act||A Century of Dance|
|Number of entries||23|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs|
|Winning song|| Ireland|
The Eurovision Song Contest 1992 was the 37th Eurovision Song Contest and was held on 9 May 1992 in Malmö, Sweden. The presenters were Lydia Capolicchio and Harald Treutiger. Linda Martin, representing Ireland, was the winner of this Eurovision with the song Why Me?. The song was written by Johnny Logan, who had won the 1980 contest as singer and the 1987 contest as singer/songwriter. At 41 years and 22 days of age, Linda Martin became (and remains) the oldest woman ever to win Eurovision.
Malmö is the capital and largest city of the Swedish county of Scania. The metropolis is a gamma world city (as listed by the GaWC) and is the third-largest city in Sweden, after Stockholm and Gothenburg, and the sixth-largest city in Scandinavia, with a population of above 300,000.
Malmö Isstadion, a 4,800-seat indoor sports arena, was chosen as the host venue for the contest. Opened in 1968, it is the former home arena of the Malmö Redhawks ice hockey team, and underwent major renovation in 2013 in time for the 2014 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships.
The contest took place at Malmö Isstadion, where the stage set was in the shape of a Viking ship's bow with a dragon in the centre and stars on each side. The opening sequence included women dressed in the Swedish colours of yellow and blue, twirling ribbons. The filmic postcard tradition was continued with clips based on each country. Last year's winner, Carola, appeared on stage in a white dress with sheer sleeves, a rhinestone collar and cuffs and sang “All The Reasons To Live”.
This contest marked the last participation of Yugoslavia, although it was not the same country that had participated from 1961 to 1991, but actually, Serbia and Montenegro, formally known as the "Federal Republic of Yugoslavia". That was the country's last entry until 2004, as it was banned from the contest, following the sanctions on the United Nations Security Council Resolution 757, following the Bosnian War and Croatian War of Independence.
After scoring second place consecutively (1988, 1989) and scoring some disappointing results (1990, 1991), the United Kingdom sent Michael Ball with a contemporary pop song "One Step Out Of Time", which was the hot favourite to win the contest. However, the Irish sent Linda Martin, who had the past experience of coming in 2nd place in the 1984 contest, but also paired up once again with Johnny Logan, who won the contest twice before. In the end, Ireland won the contest with a 16-point lead over the United Kingdom, starting the chain of Irish wins in the 1990s. Malta with "Little Child", performed by Mary Spiteri, also scored very well coming in 3rd place with 123 points. This was the first time that the three highest-placed songs had all been in English. Sweden, the host country, finished 2nd last.
Switzerland had to replace its original choice of entry, "Soleil, soleil" which was to have been performed by Géraldine Olivier. The song did not comply with some of the rules of the national selection contest and so, despite having won, it did not go to Malmö.
Each performance had a conductor who led the orchestra. Musical Director Anders Berglund both conducted the entries for Sweden and Yugoslavia and played the accordion parts for the latter.
- Spain – Javier Losada
- Belgium – Frank Fievez
- Israel – Kobi Oshrat
- Turkey – Aydın Özarı
- Greece – Charis Andreadis
- France – Magdi Vasco Noverraz
- Sweden – Anders Berglund
- Portugal – Carlos Alberto Moniz
- Cyprus – George Theophanous
- Malta – Paul Abela
- Iceland – Nigel Wright
- Finland – Olli Ahvenlahti
- Switzerland – Roby Seidel
- Luxembourg – Christian Jacob
- Austria – Leon Ives
- United Kingdom – Ronnie Hazlehurst
- Ireland – Noel Kelehan
- Denmark – Henrik Krogsgård
- Italy – Marco Falagiani
- Yugoslavia – Anders Berglund
- Norway – Rolf Løvland
- Germany – Norbert Daum
- Netherlands – Harry van Hoof
|Sigga (part of Heart 2 Heart)||Iceland||1990 (part of Stjórnin)|
|Evridiki Theokleous||Cyprus||1983 (backing singer for Stavros & Constantina), 1987 (Backing Vocals for Alexia)|
Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) for their top ten songs.
Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|4||Italy||Finland, France, Netherlands, Norway|
|Malta||Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain, Sweden|
|United Kingdom||Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Germany|
|3||Ireland||Greece, Malta, Turkey|
Commentators and spokespersons
- Spain - María Ángeles Balañac
- Belgium - Jacques Olivier
- Israel - Daniel Pe'er (Co-host of 1979 edition)
- Turkey - Korhan Abay (Co-host of 2004 edition)
- Greece - Fotini Giannoulatou
- France - Olivier Minne
- Sweden - Jan Jingryd
- Portugal - Ana Zanatti
- Cyprus - Anna Partelidou
- Malta - Anna Bonanno
- Iceland - Guðrún Skúladóttir
- Finland - Solveig Herlin
- Switzerland - Michel Stocker
- Luxembourg - TBC
- Austria - Andy Lee
- United Kingdom - Colin Berry
- Ireland - Eileen Dunne
- Denmark - Bent Henius
- Italy - Nicoletta Orsomando
- Yugoslavia - Veselin Mrđen
- Norway - Sverre Christophersen
- Germany - Carmen Nebel
- Netherlands - Herman Slager
- Spain – José Luis Uribarri (TVE2)
- Belgium – French: Claude Delacroix (RTBF La Une), Dutch: André Vermeulen (BRTN TV1)
- Israel – No commentator (IBA Television)
- Turkey – Bülend Özveren (TRT 1)
- Greece – Dafni Bokota (ET1)
- France – Thierry Beccaro (Antenne 2)
- Sweden – Jesper Aspegren and Björn Kjellman (TV2)
- Portugal – Eládio Clímaco (Canal 1)
- Cyprus – Evi Papamichail (RIK 1)
- Malta – Anna Bonanno (TVM)
- Iceland – Árni Snævarr (Sjónvarpið)
- Finland – Erkki Pohjanheimo and Kati Bergman (YLE TV1)
- Switzerland – German: Mariano Tschuor (SRF), French: Ivan Frésard (TSR), Italian: Emanuela Gaggini (TSI)
- Luxembourg – Maurice Molitor (RTL Hei Elei)
- Austria – Ernst Grissemann (FS1)
- United Kingdom – Terry Wogan (BBC1)
- Ireland – Pat Kenny (RTÉ1)
- Denmark – Jørgen de Mylius (DR TV)
- Italy – Peppi Franzelin (Raidue)
- Yugoslavia – Mladen Popović (TVB1)
- Norway – John Andreassen (NRK)
- Germany – Jan Hofer (Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen)
- Netherlands – Willem van Beusekom (Nederland 3)
Some participating countries did not provide radio broadcasts for the event; the ones who did are listed below.
- Belgium – French: Stéphane Dupont and Patrick Duhamel (RTBF La Première), Dutch: Julien Put (BRTN Radio 2)
- Israel – Yitzhak Shim'oni (Reshet Gimel)
- Turkey – Canan Kumbasar (TRT Radyo 3)
- Greece – Giorgos Mitropoulos (ERA ERT1)
- France – Marc-Olivier Fogiel (France Inter)
- Sweden – Kalle Oldby and Lotta Engberg (SR P3)
- Cyprus – Pavlos Pavlou (CyBC Radio 2)
- Finland – Sanna Kojo (YLE Radiomafia)
- Austria – Martin Blumenau (Hitradio Ö3)
- United Kingdom – Ken Bruce (BBC Radio 2)
- Ireland – Larry Gogan (RTÉ Radio 1)
- Denmark – Jørgen de Mylius, Jesper Bæhrenz and Andrew Jensen (DR P3)
- Italy – Antonio De Robertis (Rai Radio 2)
- Yugoslavia – Dina Čolić (Radio Belgrade 1)
- Norway – Nadia Hasnaoui (NRK P1)
- Germany – Horst Senker (Deutschlandfunk/WDR 4)
- Netherlands – Daniël Dekker (Radio 3)
National jury members
- Spain – Roberto Gil (singer of the group Tennessee), Bárbara Rey (actress), Willy Rubio (scriptwriter and musician), Teresa Rioné (athlete), Angustias Gallardo (lawyer), Iván Rodríguez (student), Marisa Collado (parapsychologist and clairvoyant), Pablo Carbonell (singer of the group Toreros Muertos), Bárbara Martín (student), José Manuel Parada (journalist), Pilar Sánchez (businesswoman), Fernando Reinlein (journalist at Diario 16), Esther del Prado (actress), Santiago Palacios (gynaecologist), Miguel Ángel Barneto (economist), Karina (singer, Spanish entrant in the Eurovision Song Contest 1971)
- Greece – Dimitris Iatropoulos, Andreas Hatziapostolou, Antonis Papaioannou, Giorgos Kleftogiorgos, Litsa Sakellariou, Babis Antoniou, Grigoris Lambrianidis, Evangelos Alexandropoulos, Evi Arabatzoglou, Antonis Ioannidis, Ioannis Kapellos, Eleni-Zina Bilisi, Dimitra Boukouvala, Evgenia Niniou, Kostas Pavlikianis, Alkiviadis Feresidis
- Portugal – Fernando Correia Martins, Olívia Rodrigues, Tozé Brito
- Finland – Vicky Rosti (singer, Finnish entrant in the Eurovision Song Contest 1987)
- Ireland – Keith Mills, Fergus Gibson
- Norway – Sigurd Køhn, Erik Wesseltoft, Tora Ulstrup, Vibeke Wesenlund, Solveig Ravne, Gustavo Pollastri, Mette Lie, Bernt Finseth, Julie Holm, Per Gudim Thorbjørnsen, Tine Mørch Smith, Torill Jordsjø, Jan Paul Brekke, Carl Størmer, Reidar Skår, Staffan William Olsson
- Netherlands – Bernadette (Dutch entrant in the Eurovision Song Contest 1983), Karin Vlasblom (Dutch entrant in the Eurovision Song Contest 1986 as part of group Frizzle Sizzle), Robbert Landegent, Bart Ensie, Mireille Bekooij
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