Eurovision Song Contest 1994
|Eurovision Song Contest 1994|
|Final||30 April 1994|
|Presenter(s)||Cynthia Ní Mhurchú|
|Musical director||Noel Kelehan|
|Directed by||Patrick Cowap|
|Executive supervisor||Christian Clausen|
|Executive producer||Moya Doherty|
|Host broadcaster||Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)|
|Opening act||Walpurgisnacht performance by Macnas, followed by dancing caricatures of Irish artists and celebrities, accompanied by flag bearers featuring the flags of all 25 competing nations|
|Interval act||Riverdance performed by Irish dancing champions Jean Butler, Michael Flatley and the vocal ensemble Anúna, with score composed by Bill Whelan|
|Number of entries||25|
|Debuting countries|| Estonia|
|Non-returning countries|| Belgium|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs|
|Winning song|| Ireland|
"Rock 'n' Roll Kids"
The Eurovision Song Contest 1994 was the 39th edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Dublin, Ireland, following the country's victory at the 1993 contest with the song "In Your Eyes" by Niamh Kavanagh. It was the fifth time that Ireland had hosted the contest, having previously done so in 1971, 1981, 1988 and 1993. It was the first time that the same country had hosted the contest two years in a row. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ), the contest was held at the Point Theatre, with the final on 30 April 1994. The live show was presented by Cynthia Ní Mhurchú and Gerry Ryan.
Twenty-five countries participated in the contest, equalling the record of the 1993 edition. A total of seven countries took part in the contest for the first time; Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Russia and Slovakia. To cope with the increasing number of countries wishing to participate in the contest, the EBU ruled that the seven lowest-placed countries from the preceding year's contest would not participate. Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark, Israel, Luxembourg, Slovenia and Turkey were all meant to be relegated based on these new rules, however, due to the withdrawal of Italy, Cyprus avoided relegation. Italy would not return to the contest until three years later.
The winner was Ireland with the song "Rock 'n' Roll Kids", performed by Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan, and written by Brendan Graham. This was Ireland's sixth victory in the contest, following their wins in 1970, 1980, 1987, 1992 and 1993. This was a record third year in a row that Ireland won the contest. It was also a record sixth win, making Ireland the country with the most wins in Eurovision history at this point. Poland, Germany, Hungary and Malta rounded out the top five. Poland achieved the best result for a debut entry since 1957, and would remain as the record holder in that regard until 2007.
For the first time in Eurovision history, voting was done via satellite instead of by telephone, and as a result, viewers could see the spokespeople onscreen.
Ireland hosted the contest for the fifth time after winning the 1993 contest in Millstreet. Dublin was chosen to be the host city, making it the fourth time that the Eurovision Song Contest was staged in the Irish capital. For the first time, the venue for the contest was the Point Theatre located on the North Wall Quay of the River Liffey, amongst the Dublin Docklands.
As of 2021[update], it is to date the last time the contest has been held in April.
The contest opened with a brief film starring Macnas, a popular street group celebrating Walpurgis Night, with a replica Viking longboat sailing through the river Liffey with stars floating in water, fireworks and various caricatures dancing around various central Dublin locations. The cameras then went live to the venue itself, where dancers dressed in white and wearing caricatured heads of well-known Irish figures, arrived on stage carrying European countries’ flags. The presenters entered the stage spectacularly from a bridge which descended from the roof of the theatre.
This year's video postcards had a literary theme, showing contestants reading, fishing and doing other activities around Ireland. The stage, by Paula Farrell, was four times larger than the Millstreet stage, and its design which included a city scene of skyscrapers and video screens plus a backdrop of an ever-changing night sky was based upon the concept of what a futuristic Dublin might look like with one remaining constant being the river Liffey. The floor was painted with dark blue reflective paint to give a watery effect resembling Dublin bay.
During the dress rehearsal, Polish representative Edyta Górniak broke the contest's rules by singing her song in English. The dress rehearsal is the performance shown to the juries who would select the winner. Only six countries demanded that Poland should be disqualified, though the rules required thirteen countries to complain before Poland could be removed from the competition. The proposed removal did not occur and Poland went on to come 2nd in the contest, the highest placing that any country's debut song had ever achieved until 2007 (the winner in 1956 was Switzerland's second song of the night).
When the voting started, Hungary took the lead from the first six juries and were well ahead of all the other countries. However, Ireland powered their way through the score board ending up the winners with a 60-point lead over second-placed Poland.
|Evridiki||Cyprus||1983 (backing singer for Stavros & Constantina), 1987 (backing singer for Alexia), 1992|
|Sigga||Iceland||1990 (part of Stjórnin), 1992 (part of Heart 2 Heart)|
|Elisabeth Andreasson (along with Jan Werner Danielsen)||Norway||1982 (for Sweden, part of Chips)|
1985 (part of Bobbysocks!)
|Marie Bergman (along with Roger Pontare)||Sweden||1971 & 1972 (both times part of Family Four)|
|Rhonda Heath (Backing for MeKaDo)||Germany||1977 (part of Silver Convention)|
With the exception of Ireland, each performance had a conductor who directed the orchestra. Eurovision veteran, Ireland's Noel Kelehan (who was the musical director) conducted the songs from three countries, but did not conduct the song from his home country.[a]
- Sweden – Anders Berglund
- Finland – Olli Ahvenlahti
- Ireland – No conductor
- Cyprus – George Theophanous
- Iceland – Frank McNamara
- United Kingdom – Michael Reed
- Croatia – Miljenko Prohaska
- Portugal – Thilo Krassman
- Switzerland – Valeriano Chiaravalle
- Estonia – Urmas Lattikas
- Romania – Noel Kelehan
- Malta – Anthony Chircop
- Netherlands – Harry van Hoof
- Germany – Norbert Daum
- Slovakia – Vladimír Valovič
- Lithuania – Tomas Leiburas
- Norway – Pete Knutsen
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Sinan Alimanović
- Greece – Noel Kelehan
- Austria – Hermann Weindorf
- Spain – Josep Llobell
- Hungary – Péter Wolf
- Russia – Lev Zemlinski
- Poland – Noel Kelehan
- France – Alain Goraguer
Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) for their top ten songs.
With advances in technology, this was the first contest in which the spokesperson for each national jury appeared on-screen, live from their own countries.
In the early stages of the voting it looked as if Hungary was surging to victory in its first-ever Eurovision appearance, winning the maximum twelve points from the first three juries. However, this turned out to be completely deceptive, as from that point on it was virtually one-way traffic for Ireland, which became the first country to win the contest for a third year in succession.
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||39||2||4||7||8||7||1||10|
Below is a summary of all 12 point in the final:
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|8||Ireland||Croatia, Germany, Iceland, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Russia, Switzerland|
|5||Poland||Austria, Estonia, France, Lithuania, United Kingdom|
|4||Hungary||Ireland, Finland, Poland, Sweden|
|Malta||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
Other involved countries
- FR Yugoslavia
- After the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia had participated in the 1992 contest. While the country did not participate, the third channel of Radio Television of Serbia broadcast the show.
- Sweden – Pekka Heino (Kanal1)
- Finland – Erkki Pohjanheimo and Kirsi-Maria Niemi (YLE TV1),
- Ireland – Pat Kenny (RTÉ1)
- Cyprus – Evi Papamichail (RIK 1)
- Iceland – Jakob Frímann Magnússon (Sjónvarpið)
- United Kingdom – Terry Wogan (BBC1)
- Croatia – Aleksandar "Aco" Kostadinov (HRT 1)
- Portugal – Eládio Clímaco (Canal 1)
- Switzerland – German: Mariano Tschuor (SF DRS), French: Jean-Marc Richard (TSR), Italian: Wilma Gilardi (TSI)
- Estonia – Vello Rand (Eesti Televisioon)
- Romania – Gabriela Cristea (TVR1)
- Malta – Charles Arrigo (TVM)
- Netherlands – Willem van Beusekom (Nederland 3)
- Germany – Jan Hofer (Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen)
- Slovakia – Martin Sarvaš (STV2)
- Lithuania – TBC (LTV)
- Norway – Jostein Pedersen (NRK)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Ismeta Dervoz-Krvavac (TVBiH)
- Greece – Dafni Bokota (ET1)
- Austria – Ernst Grissemann (ORF1)
- Spain – José Luis Uribarri (TVE1)
- Hungary – István Vágó (MTV2)
- Russia – Sergei Antipov (RTR)
- Poland – Artur Orzech (TVP1)
- France – Patrice Laffont (France 2)
- Australia – N/A (SBS TV)
- Belgium – Dutch: André Vermeulen (BRTN TV2), French: Jean-Pierre Hautier (RTBF La Une)
- Denmark – Jørgen de Mylius (1'eren)
- Israel – No commentator
- Macedonia – Milanka Rašik (MTV 2)
- Slovenia – Damjana Golavšek (SLO1)
- Turkey – Bülend Özveren (TRT 1)
- FR Yugoslavia – Mladen Popović (RTS 3K)
The participating countries that provided radio broadcasts for the event are listed below.
- Sweden – Claes-Johan Larsson and Lisa Syrén (SR P3)
- Finland – TBC (YLE Radio Suomi)
- Ireland – Larry Gogan (RTÉ Radio 1)
- Cyprus – Pavlos Pavlou (CyBC Radio 2)
- United Kingdom – Ken Bruce (BBC Radio 2)
- Croatia – Draginja Balaš (HR 2)
- Estonia – Marko Reikop (Raadio 2)
- Netherlands – Cornald Maas (Radio 2)
- Germany – Horst Senker (Deutschlandfunk/WDR 4)
- Slovakia – TBC (Rádio FM)
- Greece – Katia Kalitsounaki (ERA ERT2)
- Austria – Martin Blumenau (Hitradio Ö3)
- Hungary – TBC (Rádió Kossuth)
- Russia – TBC (Voice of Russia)
- Poland – Dorota Wellman (Polskie Radio Program I)
- Sweden - Marianne Anderberg
- Finland - Solveig Herlin
- Ireland - Eileen Dunne
- Cyprus - Anna Partelidou
- Iceland - Sigríður Arnardóttir
- United Kingdom - Colin Berry
- Croatia - Helga Vlahović (co-presenter of the 1990 Eurovision Song Contest)
- Portugal - Isabel Bahia
- Switzerland - Sandra Studer (Swiss representative in 1991)
- Estonia - Urve Tiidus
- Romania - Cristina Țopescu
- Malta - John Demanuele
- Netherlands - Joop van Os
- Germany - Carmen Nebel
- Slovakia - Juraj Čurný
- Lithuania - Gitana Lapinskaitė
- Norway - Sverre Christophersen
- Bosnia and Herzegovina - Diana Grković-Foretić
- Greece - Fotini Giannoulatou
- Austria - Tilia Herold
- Spain - María Ángeles Balañac
- Hungary - Iván Bradányi
- Russia - Irina Klenskaya
- Poland - Jan Chojnacki
- France - Laurent Romejko
National jury members
- Estonia – Jaak Joala, Tiit Made, Alo Mattiisen, Hedvig Hanson
- Finland – Kikka Isoviita, Mikko Jokinen, Jorma Haranen, Kai Helminen, Kisu Jernström, Jere Pesonen, Pauliina Pohjanheimo, Merja Rajala, Kaj "Tico" Takolander, Pentti-Oskari Kangas, Mari Koskela, Merja Koskela, Virpi Koutu, Seppo Kulmala, Jaana Lallukka, Mimi Lindquist-Grönblom
- Greece – Evangelos Alexandropoulos, Nikolaos Tsolakis, Giorgos Vrouvas, Giorgos Kleftogiorgos, Kosmas Athousis, Maria Alefanti, Eleftherios Apostolopoulos, Christos Venetidis, Georgia Giannopoulou, Anna Gliati, Rozy Kasparian, Evgenia Koutsoulieri, Ekaterini Lygoni, Stamatis Panagiotaras, Ourania Papakonstantopoulou, Archontia Harismidou
- Ireland – Jack McCarthy
- Netherlands – Arnold Mühren
- Poland – Anna Maria Jopek (future Polish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1997), Maciej Chmiel, Marek Niedźwiecki, Irena Santor, Marek Gaszyński, Włodzimierz Korcz, Tadeusz Woźniak, Szymon Majewski, Tomasz Justyński, Małgorzata Szniak, Anna Rutkowska, Jacek Olechowski, Agnieszka Gach, Ilona Skrętna, Maria Teodorowicz, Elżbieta Chełstowska
- Portugal – Jan Van Dijck, Rita Guerra, Dina
- Slovakia – Silvia Rigová, Zlatica Bírová, Martina Lišková, Iveta Lábska, Gabriela Husková, Augustín Rebro, Ján Pavúr, Tibor Horniak, Jozef Martiš, Dagmar Martišová, Daniela Mintálová, Štefan Ondek, Pavol Zelenay, Mária Slováková, Ivan Popelár, Július Ebers
- Spain – Belén Casla (economist), Daniel Santos (Eurovision Network delegate), Purificación Blanco (journalist at El Semanal TV), Àlex Sisteré (actor), Susana García (actress), Andrés Vázquez (bullfighter), Alejandra Botto (actress), Serafín Zubiri (singer, Spanish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1992 and 2000), Elena Benarroch (fashion designer), Francisco (singer), Dora Dora (TV hostess), Francisco Herrera (director of Cadena Dial), Victoria Rodríguez de Miguel (student), Manuel Liétor (businessman), Sofía Balseiro (bank branch manager), Javier de la Vega (student)
- Both Irish commentator Pat Kenny and British commentator Terry Wogan credit Kelehan as the conductor of the Irish entry, only Kenny specifies he only leads a minimal arrangement of drums and bass. Nevertheless, he didn't take the traditional conductor's bow, and virtually no drum or bass accompaniment can be heard during the performance.
- Contains some words in English
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