Eurovision Song Contest 2001

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Eurovision Song Contest 2001
ESC 2001 logo.svg
Dates
Final12 May 2001 (2001-05-12)
Host
VenueParken Stadium
Copenhagen, Denmark
Presenter(s)
Directed byJan Frifelt
Executive supervisorChristine Marchal-Ortiz
Executive producerJørgen Ramskov
Host broadcasterDR
Websiteeurovision.tv/event/copenhagen-2001 Edit this at Wikidata
Participants
Number of entries23
Debuting countriesNone
Returning countries
Non-returning countries
  • Belgium in the Eurovision Song ContestItaly in the Eurovision Song ContestNetherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Switzerland in the Eurovision Song ContestGermany in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Monaco in the Eurovision Song ContestLuxembourg in the Eurovision Song ContestSpain in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Ireland in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Denmark in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Finland in the Eurovision Song ContestNorway in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Sweden in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Israel in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Greece in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Malta in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Austria in the Eurovision Song ContestFrance in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Turkey in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song ContestMorocco in the Eurovision Song ContestCyprus in the Eurovision Song ContestIceland in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Croatia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Slovenia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Estonia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Slovakia in the Eurovision Song ContestHungary in the Eurovision Song ContestRomania in the Eurovision Song ContestLithuania in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Poland in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Russia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001Macedonia in the Eurovision Song ContestLatvia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001A coloured map of the countries of Europe
    About this image
         Participating countries     Countries that participated in the past but not in 2001
Vote
Voting systemEach country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 points to their 10 favourite songs.
Nul points in finalNone
Winning song Estonia
"Everybody"
2000 ← Eurovision Song Contest → 2002

The Eurovision Song Contest 2001 was the 46th edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Copenhagen, Denmark, following the country's victory at the 2000 contest with the song "Fly on the Wings of Love" by Olsen Brothers. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Danmarks Radio (DR), the contest was held at the Parken Stadium on 12 May 2001. The contest was presented by Danish television presenter Natasja Crone Back and actor Søren Pilmark.[1]

Twenty-three countries took part in the contest. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, and Slovenia returned after their relegation from the previous edition. Greece also returned after their two-year absence, following financial trouble.[2] Meanwhile, Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, Macedonia, Romania, and Switzerland were relegated.

The winner was Estonia with the song "Everybody", performed by Tanel Padar, Dave Benton and 2XL, and written by Ivar Must and Maian-Anna Karmas. This was the first time the contest was won by one the countries from the former Eastern bloc that debuted in the contest in the 1990s. Denmark, Greece, France and Sweden rounded out the top five with Greece achieving its best result up to that point in the contest. Further down the table, Slovenia equalled their best result from 1995, finishing seventh. Meanwhile, Ireland finished in 21st place, giving the nation its worst placement up to that point.

Location[edit]

Locations of the candidate cities: the chosen host city is marked in blue, while the eliminated cities are marked in red.
Parken Stadium, Copenhagen - host venue of the 2001 contest.

Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, was the chosen host city. The venue choice for the contest was Parken Stadium, the national football stadium, located in the Indre Østerbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark, built from 1990 to 1992.

The Danish national broadcaster DR faced some problems whilst organising the contest such as a lack of funds and the search for a suitable venue. The three largest cities in Denmark - Copenhagen, Aarhus and Odense - all made bids to host the contest. Eventually, DR chose the large football stadium Parken as the host venue, after the company running the stadium agreed to add a retractable roof to the building. This solution made it the biggest venue ever to host a Eurovision Song Contest with room for an audience of 38,000, breaking the record of 16,000 held by the previous year's hosts Sweden.[1] However, the scale of it all wasn't entirely a success: many audience members could not see the stage, and for many entries the hall appeared to be too big.[2]

Production[edit]

The Eurovision Song Contest 2001 was produced by the Danish public broadcaster Danmarks Radio (DR). Jørgen Ramskov served as executive producer, Jan Frifelt served as director and Christine Marchal-Ortiz served as Executive Supervisor. Television presenter Natasja Crone Back and actor Søren Pilmark were the presenters of the 2001 contest.[3]

Rehearsals in the venue for the competing acts were held from 7 to 12 May 2001. Four technical rehearsals from 7 to 10 May and two dress rehearsals on 11 and 12 May were held in a lead up to the contest.[4]

The logo for this year's contest was developed by Danish companies Kontactpunkt, 2Graphic Design and EventRelations. It was made out of four circles, placed in the shape of a heart. The four circles were also present in the stage design, with the light construction made of the same four rings. The whole rig could be formed into various shapes to add to each country's staging. The design was described by its designers as "a modern expression of a heart which symbolises openness, warmth, attitudes, pulse and movement".[5]

Cover art of the official album

The draw to the determine the running order of competing countries was held on 21 November 2000.[6][7]

A compilation album featuring all 23 competing entries was released on 5 May 2001 by EMI Records and CMC International.[8]

Opening and interval acts[edit]

The show was opened by the last year's Eurovision winners, the Olsen Brothers, with a snippet from their winning Eurovision song "Fly on the Wings of Love", followed by their latest single "Walk Right Back".

The interval-act featured medley of Aqua songs performed by Aqua and Safri Duo.

Format[edit]

Entries[edit]

Each participating broadcaster was represented in the contest by one song, which was required to be no longer than three minutes in duration. A maximum of six performers were allowed on stage during each country's performance, and all performers must have reached the age of 16 in the year of the contest. Selected entries were not permitted to be released commercially before 1 January 2001, and were then only allowed to be released in the country they represented until after the contest was held. Entries were required to be selected by each country's participating broadcaster by 11 March, and the final submission date for all selected entries to be received by the contest organisers was set for 16 March. This submission was required to include a sound recording of the entry and backing track for use during the contest, a video presentation of the song on stage being performed by the artists, and the text of the song lyrics in its original language and translations in French and English for distribution to the participating broadcasters, their commentators and juries.[6]

Voting procedure[edit]

The results of the 2001 contest were determined through the same scoring system as had first been introduced in 1975: each country awarded twelve points to its favourite entry, followed by ten points to its second favourite, and then awarded points in decreasing value from eight to one for the remaining songs which featured in the country's top ten, with countries unable to vote for their own entry. Each participating country was required to use televoting to determine their points. Viewers had a total of five minutes to register their vote by calling one of twenty-two different telephone numbers to represent the twenty-three competing entries except that which represented their own country, with voting lines opening following the performance of the last competing entry. Once phone lines were opened a video recap containing short clips of each competing entry with the accompanying phone number for voting was shown in order to aid viewers during the voting window. Systems were also put in place to prevent lobby groups from one country voting for their song by travelling to other countries.[6]

Countries which were unable to hold a televote due to technological limitations were granted an exception, and their points were determined by an assembled jury of eight individuals, which was required to be split evenly between members of the public and music professionals, comprised additionally of an equal number of men and women, and below and above 30 years of age. Countries using televoting were also required to appoint a back-up jury of the same composition which would be called into action upon technical failure preventing the televote results from being used. Each jury member voted in secret and awarded between one and ten votes to each participating song, excluding that from their own country and with no abstentions permitted. The votes of each member were collected following the country's performance and then tallied by the non-voting jury chairperson to determine the points to be awarded.[6]

Participating countries[edit]

Per the rules of the contest twenty-three countries were allowed to participate in the event. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Lithuania, Poland and Portugal and Slovenia returned after being relegated from the previous year's event. 2000 participants Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, Macedonia, Romania and Switzerland were absent from this edition.

Qualification[edit]

Due to the high number of countries wishing to enter the contest a relegation system was introduced in 1993 in order to reduce the number of countries which could compete in each year's contest. Any relegated countries would be able to return the following year, thus allowing all countries the opportunity to compete in at least one in every two editions. The relegation rules introduced for the 1997 contest were again utilised ahead of the 2001 contest, based on each country's average points total in previous contests. The twenty-three participants were made up of the previous year's winning country, "Big Four" countries, the twelve countries which had obtained the highest average points total over the preceding five contests, and any eligible countries which did not compete in the 2000 contest. In cases where the average was identical between two or more countries the total number of points scored in the most recent contest determined the final order.[6]

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal and Slovenia returned after being excluded from participating in the 2000 contest, while Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, Macedonia, Romania, Switzerland, the seven countries with the lowest average result in the past five contests, were relegated.

The calculations used to determine the countries relegated for the 2001 contest are outlined in the table below.[6]

Table key

  Automatic qualifier
  Qualifier
Rank Country Average Yearly Point Totals
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
1  Latvia 136.00 136
2  United Kingdom 107.20 77 227 166 38 28
3  Ireland 98.60 162 157 64 18 92
4  Denmark 97.00 25 71 195
5  Russia 94.00 33 155
6  Israel 90.67 172 93 7
7  Sweden 88.00 100 36 53 163 88
8  Germany 86.00 22 86 140 96
9  Malta 80.80 68 66 165 32 73
10  Croatia 80.40 98 24 131 79[a] 70
11  Estonia 80.00 94 82 36 90 98
12  Netherlands 68.80 78 5 150 71 40
13  Iceland 65.00 51 18 146 45
14  Norway 57.00 114 0 79 35 57
15  Turkey 56.60 57 121 25 21 59
16  Belgium 46.00 22 122 38 2
17  Austria 44.75 68 12 65 34
18  Cyprus 43.40 72 98 37 2 8
19  Spain 30.60 17 96 21 1 18
20  France 27.00 18 95 3 14 5
21  Macedonia 22.50 16 29
22  Finland 16.33 9 22 18
23  Romania 15.50 6 25
24  Switzerland 10.25 22 5 0 14

Returning artists[edit]

Artist Country Previous year(s) Ref(s)
Tanel Padar (with Dave Benton and 2XL)  Estonia 2000 (as backing vocalist for Ines)

Participants and results[edit]

The contest took place on 12 May 2001. The table below outlines the participating countries, the order in which they performed, the competing artists and songs, and the results of the voting.[3]

The winner was Estonia represented by the song "Everybody", composed by Ivar Must, written by Maian-Anna Kärmas and performed by Tanel Padar, Dave Benton and 2XL. This marked Estonia's first victory in the contest.[11] Norway meanwhile finished in last place for the ninth time.[12]

Prior to the contest Greece were hotly tipped to win by the bookmakers, Sweden the second favourites, with France, Slovenia and host country Denmark expected to round out the top 5. However, as the voting progressed it quickly became a two-horse race between host Denmark and surprisingly Estonia.[2]

Dave Benton, who was born and raised in Aruba, was the first black person and, at the age of 50 years and 101 days, the oldest contestant at the time to win the contest.[13]

  Winner
R/O Country Artist Song Language[14] Points Place[15]
1  Netherlands Michelle "Out on My Own" English 16 18
2  Iceland Two Tricky "Angel" English 3 22
3  Bosnia and Herzegovina Nino "Hano" Bosnian, English 29 14
4  Norway Haldor Lægreid "On My Own" English 3 22
5  Israel Tal Sondak "Ein Davar" (אין דבר) Hebrew 25 16
6  Russia Mumiy Troll "Lady Alpine Blue" English 37 12
7  Sweden Friends "Listen to Your Heartbeat" English 100 5
8  Lithuania Skamp "You Got Style" English, Lithuanian[b] 35 13
9  Latvia Arnis Mednis "Too Much" English 16 18
10  Croatia Vanna "Strings of My Heart" English 42 10
11  Portugal MTM "Só sei ser feliz assim" Portuguese 18 17
12  Ireland Gary O'Shaughnessy "Without Your Love" English 6 21
13  Spain David Civera "Dile que la quiero" Spanish 76 6
14  France Natasha St-Pier "Je n'ai que mon âme" French, English 142 4
15  Turkey Sedat Yüce "Sevgiliye Son" Turkish, English 41 11
16  United Kingdom Lindsay Dracass "No Dream Impossible" English 28 15
17  Slovenia Nuša Derenda "Energy" English 70 7
18  Poland Piasek "2 Long" English 11 20
19  Germany Michelle "Wer Liebe lebt" German, English 66 8
20  Estonia Tanel Padar, Dave Benton and 2XL "Everybody" English 198 1
21  Malta Fabrizio Faniello "Another Summer Night" English 48 9
22  Greece Antique "Die for You" Greek, English 147 3
23  Denmark Rollo and King "Never Ever Let You Go" English 177 2

Detailed voting results[edit]

The majority of participating countries held a televote, where the top ten most voted for songs were awarded the 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 points. This year the EBU introduced for the first time a mix of voting systems (50% televoting and 50% jury) for those countries that didn't want to use 100% televoting. Only three votes were allowed per household.[16]

According to the EBU rules, every broadcaster was free to make a choice between the full televoting system and the mixed 50-50 system.[16] In exceptional circumstances, where televoting was not possible at all, only a jury was used: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Turkey and Russia. Only a few countries are confirmed to have used the mixed voting system: Croatia, Greece and Malta.

Detailed voting results[17][18]
Voting procedure used:
  100% televoting
  100% jury vote
  50% jury and televote
Total score
Netherlands
Iceland
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Norway
Israel
Russia
Sweden
Lithuania
Latvia
Croatia
Portugal
Ireland
Spain
France
Turkey
United Kingdom
Slovenia
Poland
Germany
Estonia
Malta
Greece
Denmark
Contestants
Netherlands 16 5 1 6 4
Iceland 3 1 2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 29 4 10 7 1 7
Norway 3 3
Israel 25 6 10 7 2
Russia 37 5 3 10 8 4 2 5
Sweden 100 7 3 2 8 2 2 6 4 5 8 5 2 8 8 5 7 8 10
Lithuania 35 5 1 2 4 10 1 5 1 4 2
Latvia 16 8 8
Croatia 42 7 10 5 3 10 7
Portugal 18 6 12
Ireland 6 1 5
Spain 76 7 2 5 4 12 5 4 7 3 5 6 3 1 1 3 8
France 142 8 4 12 7 2 12 6 7 7 6 12 7 3 1 6 6 10 6 10 4 6
Turkey 41 3 7 7 7 4 10 3
United Kingdom 28 2 3 3 3 3 2 4 1 2 2 3
Slovenia 70 4 6 10 6 1 4 7 4 8 2 2 1 6 4 5
Poland 11 2 3 5 1
Germany 66 1 3 8 1 1 10 6 10 6 3 2 4 1 5 1 4
Estonia 198 12 10 4 10 6 6 8 12 12 2 10 8 8 12 12 12 12 10 12 12 8
Malta 48 3 1 5 7 3 1 4 2 1 3 1 2 3 12
Greece 147 6 8 8 8 10 5 12 5 2 5 4 5 12 3 5 7 8 8 8 6 7 5
Denmark 177 10 12 12 7 10 6 10 12 8 12 7 4 4 10 10 7 12 12 6 6

12 points[edit]

Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
9  Estonia  Greece,  Latvia,  Lithuania,  Malta,  Netherlands,  Poland,  Slovenia,  Turkey,  United Kingdom
6  Denmark  Croatia,  Estonia,  Germany,  Iceland,  Ireland,  Norway
3  France  Bosnia and Herzegovina,  Portugal,  Russia
2  Greece  Spain,  Sweden
1  Spain  Israel
 Malta  Denmark
 Portugal  France

Spokespersons[edit]

Each country nominated a spokesperson who was responsible for announcing, in English or French, the votes for their respective country.[19][16] As had been the case since the 1994 contest, the spokespersons were connected via satellite and appeared in vision during the broadcast.[20] Spokespersons at the 2001 contest are listed below.[21]

  1.  Netherlands – Marlayne
  2.  Iceland – Eva María Jónsdóttir
  3.  Bosnia and Herzegovina – Segmedina Srna
  4.  Norway – Roald Øyen
  5.  Israel – Yoav Ginai [he]
  6.  Russia – Larisa Verbitskaya
  7.  Sweden – Josefine Sundström
  8.  Lithuania – Loreta Tarozaitė[22]
  9.  Latvia – Renārs Kaupers
  10.  Croatia – Daniela Trbović [hr]
  11.  Portugal – Margarida Mercês de Melo [pt]
  12.  Ireland – Bláthnaid Ní Chofaigh
  13.  Spain – Jennifer Rope [es]
  14.  France – Corinne Hermès
  15.  Turkey – Meltem Ersan Yazgan
  16.  United Kingdom – Colin Berry
  17.  Slovenia – Mojca Mavec [sl]
  18.  Poland – Maciej Orłoś [pl]
  19.  Germany – Axel Bulthaupt
  20.  Estonia – Ilomai Küttim "Elektra"
  21.  Malta – Marbeck Spiteri[23]
  22.  Greece – Alexis Kostalas
  23.  Denmark – Gry Johansen

Broadcasts[edit]

Most countries sent commentators to Copenhagen or commented from their own country, in order to add insight to the participants and, if necessary, the provision of voting information.

Broadcasters and commentators in participating countries
Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
 Bosnia and Herzegovina BHTV1 Ismeta Dervoz-Krvavac [bs]
 Croatia HRT 1 Aleksandar "Aco" Kostadinov
HR2 Draginja Balaš
 Denmark DR1 Hans Otto Bisgaard [da] and Hilda Heick [da]
 Estonia ETV Marko Reikop [24]
Raadio 2 Vello Rand
 France France 3 Marc-Olivier Fogiel and Dave
France Bleu Olivier Chiabodo [fr]
 Germany Das Erste Peter Urban [25]
Deutschlandfunk/NDR 2 Thomas Mohr
 Greece ET1 Dafni Bokota
ERA 1 Giorgos Mitropoulos
 Iceland Sjónvarpið Gísli Marteinn Baldursson [26]
 Ireland RTÉ One Marty Whelan [27]
RTÉ Radio 1 Larry Gogan
 Israel Channel 1 No commentator
Reshet Gimel Daniel Pe'er
 Latvia LTV1 Kārlis Streips [lv]
 Lithuania LRT Darius Užkuraitis
 Malta TVM Alfred Borg
 Netherlands Nederland 2 Willem van Beusekom [28]
Radio 2 Hijlco Span
 Norway NRK1 Jostein Pedersen [29]
NRK P1 Stein Dag Jensen [no]
 Poland TVP1 Artur Orzech
 Portugal RTP1 Eládio Clímaco
 Russia ORT Alexander Anatolyevich [ru] and Konstantin Mikhailov [ru] [30]
 Slovenia SLO1 Andrea F
 Spain La Primera José Luis Uribarri
 Sweden SVT1 Henrik Olsson
SR P3 Carolina Norén [31]
 Turkey TRT 1 Ömer Önder
TRT Radyo 3 Ümit Tunçağ
 United Kingdom BBC One Terry Wogan
BBC Radio 2 Ken Bruce
Broadcasters and commentators in non-participating countries
Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
 Australia SBS TV[c] Terry Wogan, Effie[d] [32][33]
 Austria ORF 1 Andi Knoll
FM4 Stermann & Grissemann [34]
 Belgium RTBF La Une French: Jean-Pierre Hautier
VRT TV1 Dutch: André Vermeulen and Anja Daems [35]
RTBF La Première French: Laurent Daube and Éric Russon
VRT Radio 2 Dutch: Julien Put [nl] and Michel Follet
 Cyprus RIK 1 Evi Papamichail
 Finland YLE TV1 Jani Juntunen and Asko Murtomäki [fi] [36]
YLE Radio Vega Unknown [37]
 Macedonia MTV 2 Milanka Rašić
 Romania TVR2 Andreea Marin and Leonard Miron
 Switzerland SF 2 German: Sandra Studer
TSR 1 French: Phil Mundwiller
TSI 1 Italian: Jonathan Tedesco
Yugoslavia YU Info Unknown

Viewing figures[edit]

Country Broadcaster Nominal Share Ref(s)
Denmark DR1 2.667.000[38] 95%
Malta TVM Unknown 94%
Slovenia SLO1 Unknown 82%
United Kingdom BBC One 6.500.000 35%
Germany Das Erste 8.160.000 36,7%
Netherlands NPO 2 3.600.000 Unknown
Norway NRK1 Unknown 57%
Sweden SVT1 Unknown 85%
France France 3 5.000.000 30%
Poland TVP1 4.500.500 Unknown
Greece ERT1 Unknown 51%
Spain La 1 5.630.000 45%
Portugal RTP1 800.000 8,8%
Israel Channel 1 453.000 19%
Belgium VRT TV1 500.000 Unknown
Finland YLE TV1 385.000 Unknown
Ireland RTÉ One 500.000 Unknown
Russia ORT Unknown 31,1%
Latvia LTV 712.600 54%

Incidents[edit]

Controversy was again rife in the contest: the United Kingdom TV commentator Terry Wogan repeatedly made critical comments about the hosts, and dubbed them "Doctor Death and the Tooth Fairy/The Little Mermaid" after providing their entire commentary in rhyming couplets.[42] The Danes were so offended that the BBC was obliged to issue an apology on Wogan's comments.[42]

Controversy also surrounded the Swedish song, "Listen To Your Heartbeat", which was repeatedly accused as a plagiarism of the Belgian entry for the 1996 contest, "Liefde is een kaartspel".[43] Eventually the EBU decided for the matter to be settled in court, with the song allowed to compete as long as the courts did not declare the song as plagiarism.[2][44] At first this was denied by the Swedish songwriters, one of whom was Thomas G:son, but after the Belgian songwriters and the author's organisation SABAM pressed for legal action, a cash settlement was agreed.[45][46]

During the voting the Danish band Aqua performed with a medley of their singles, with percussion ensemble Safri Duo performing in the medley.[2] Although enjoyable, people complained about it being a little bit "rude" as there was some swearing during the performance, both at the beginning and end of "Barbie Girl".

Other awards[edit]

Barbara Dex Award[edit]

The Barbara Dex Award is the award, created by fansite House of Eurovision, was awarded to the performer deemed to have been the "worst dressed" among the participants.[47][48] The winner in 2001 was Polish representative Piasek, as determined by the visitors of the website House of Eurovision.[49][50][51]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Croatia's score from the 1999 contest was reduced by 33% for the purposes of determining average scores due to the use of synthesised pre-recorded vocals in that year's Croatian entry.[9]
  2. ^ Contains some words in German and French
  3. ^ SBS aired the contest without postcards and voting.
  4. ^ Although Australia was not eligible to enter the contest at the time, the event was broadcast on SBS. As is the case each year, it did not however broadcast it live due to the difference in Australian time zones. This year, the broadcast contained a locally produced addition of a studio audience of young representatives from the competing countries. However, after a number of complaints, they showed the United Kingdom's broadcast, including commentary from Terry Wogan, a few weeks later.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Eurovision Song Contest 2001". EBU. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e Bakker, Sietse (22 December 2009). "The end of a decade: Copenhagen 2001". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 22 December 2009.
  3. ^ a b "Copenhagen 2001". eurovision.tv.
  4. ^ "Eurovision Dates 2001". eurosong.org.uk. 27 January 2001. Archived from the original on 27 January 2001. Retrieved 8 August 2022.
  5. ^ "Eurovision 2001 logo is revealed". eurosong.org.uk. 17 April 2001. Archived from the original on 17 April 2001. Retrieved 8 August 2022.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Rules of the 46th Eurovision Song Contest, 2001" (PDF). myledbury.co.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2022.
  7. ^ "Running order for Eurovision 2001 is confirmed". eurosong.org.uk. 17 April 2001. Archived from the original on 17 April 2001. Retrieved 8 August 2022.
  8. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest: Copenhagen 2001 - Various Artists | Release Credits". AllMusic.
  9. ^ "Jerusalem 1999 - Eurovision Song Contest". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  10. ^ "Tanel Padar". Sixonstage.com. Retrieved 8 August 2022.
  11. ^ "Estonia". Eurovision.tv.
  12. ^ "Norway". Eurovision.tv.
  13. ^ "Copenhagen 2001". Eurovision.tv.
  14. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 2001". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
  15. ^ "Final of Copenhagen 2001". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 10 April 2021. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  16. ^ a b c "Rules of the 2001 Eurovision Song Contest" (PDF). European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  17. ^ "Results of the Final of Copenhagen 2001". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 10 April 2021. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  18. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 2001 – Scoreboard". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2021.
  19. ^ "How it works – Eurovision Song Contest". European Broadcasting Union. 18 May 2019. Archived from the original on 31 May 2022. Retrieved 4 June 2022.
  20. ^ "Dublin 1994 – Eurovision Song Contest". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 30 May 2022. Retrieved 24 June 2022.
  21. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 2001 (Television programme). Copenhagen, Denmark: Danmarks Radio (DR). 12 May 2001.
  22. ^ BNS. "Šeštadienį Kopenhagoje - "Eurovizijos" konkursas - DELFI Pramogos". Pramogos.delfi.lt. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  23. ^ [1][dead link]
  24. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest - Dusseldorf 2011 | News - Estonia: Sahlene to be ETV's spokeperson". 2 September 2011. Archived from the original on 2 September 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2022.
  25. ^ "Dr. Peter Urban kommentiert - Düsseldorf 2011". Duesseldorf2011.de. Archived from the original on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  26. ^ "Dagblaðið Vísir - DV, 12.05.2001". Timarit.is. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  27. ^ "RTÉ so lonely after loss of Gerry - Marty". 20 May 2010. Retrieved 29 May 2010. He has been providing commentary for Irish viewers since 2000 and maintains great enthusiasm for the much lampooned contest.
  28. ^ "Welkom op de site van Eurovision Artists". Eurovisionartists.nl. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  29. ^ "Alt du trenger å vite om MGP - Melodi Grand Prix - Melodi Grand Prix". Nrk.no. 27 May 2003. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  30. ^ "Константин Михайлов: Очень хочется ввернуть в "Добром утре" крепкое словечко!". Komsomolskaya Pravda (in Russian). 2 August 2001.
  31. ^ "Swedes stay at home with Eurovision fever". The Local. 16 May 2009. Archived from the original on 15 May 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  32. ^ "SBS Annual Report 2000-01" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 September 2007. Retrieved 8 August 2022.
  33. ^ Wright, Sharleen (26 January 2011). "The special relationship: Australia and its love of Eurovision". escinsight.com. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
  34. ^ "Song Contest mit Stermann & Grissemann". wien.orf.at. 1 May 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  35. ^ "Congratulations: 50 jaar Songfestival!". VRTFansite.be. Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  36. ^ "TV1". Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). 12 May 2001. Retrieved 7 November 2022. (subscription required)
  37. ^ "Radio Vega". Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). 12 May 2001. Retrieved 7 November 2022. (subscription required)
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External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°42′08.89″N 12°34′19.93″E / 55.7024694°N 12.5722028°E / 55.7024694; 12.5722028