Eurovision Song Contest 2004
|Eurovision Song Contest 2004|
|Under The Same Sky|
|Semi-final||12 May 2004|
|Final||15 May 2004|
|Venue||Abdi İpekçi Arena|
|Directed by||Sven Stojanovic|
|Executive supervisor||Svante Stockselius|
|Executive producer||Bülent Osma|
|Host broadcaster||Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT)|
|Opening act||Sertab Erener|
|Number of entries||36|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs|
The Eurovision Song Contest 2004 was the 49th edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Istanbul, Turkey, following the country's victory at the 2003 contest with the song "Everyway That I Can" by Sertab Erener. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT), the contest was held at the Abdi İpekçi Arena, and (for the first time) consisted of a semi-final on 12 May, and the final on 15 May 2004. The two live shows were presented by Korhan Abay and Meltem Cumbul. It was the first time Turkey had hosted the contest, 29 years after the country made its debut, and was also the first time since the 1998 contest in Birmingham that it was not hosted in the host country's capital city. It was the first Eurovision Song Contest held in a transcontinental country and city, in a Muslim-majority country and in a Turkic language-speaking country.
Thirty-six countries participated in the contest, beating the record of twenty-six in the previous edition. Albania, Andorra, Belarus and Serbia and Montenegro took part for the first time this year. The old relegation system was replaced with a semi-final format. This was done in order to accommodate the increasing number of countries who wished to participate. The new format allowed all countries to participate every year, rather than being forced to sit out per the relegation rules, which had been the standard since 1994. Because of this, Denmark, Finland, Lithuania, Macedonia, Monaco and Switzerland all returned to the contest.
The winner was Ukraine with the song "Wild Dances", performed by Ruslana who wrote it with Oleksandr Ksenofontov (her husband). This was Ukraine's first victory in the contest, after only 1 year of participation. Serbia and Montenegro, Greece, Turkey and Cyprus rounded out the top five. Due the expansion of the contest,this year was the first time in which a non-winning entry scored over 200 points. Prior to this contest, only the winning entries in 1994 and 1997 had passed this mark. In this contest, the top 3 songs all got over 200 points. An official CD was released and, for the first time, the entire contest was released on DVD which included the Semi-final and the Grand Final.
The contest was held in Istanbul following Turkey's victory in the 2003 contest in Riga, Latvia with Sertab Erener's "Everyway That I Can". Originally the Mydonose Showland, an entertainment center in the form of a giant pyramid tent near to Atatürk International Airport, was chosen by host broadcaster TRT to host the event, but was later changed to the Abdi İpekçi Arena as the contest approached due to its bigger capacity. The Mydonose Showland was demolished in 2009 after a fire destroyed it in April that year. The Abdi İpekçi Arena closed after the 2016/2017 basketball season and was demolished in early 2018. In its place, a basketball training and performance center is to be built.
A number of other venues in the city were reported as possible venues, these included Ataköy Athletics Arena and Istanbul Lütfi Kırdar International Convention and Exhibition Center (ICEC), the latter of which lost out to Mydonose Showland. Istanbul Chamber of Commerce president Mehmet Yıldırım offered the World Trade Center Istanbul (WTCI) as a venue for the event and confirmed that the Chamber would also provide financial support for the contest's organisation.
This year was also notable as it was the first year that Turkey voted for Cyprus and the second year in a row that Cyprus voted for Turkey. Nevertheless, in a move that angered some Cypriots, when the country presented its votes no map of the island was shown (all other presenters were preceded with their country being highlighted on a map). This was due to Turkey's recognition of the northern half of the island as an independent republic (not recognised by any other state). It is likely Turkey pulled out of showing the map because it would have only highlighted the southern portion of the island, and thus angered the international community.
The contest's new official generic logo was used for the first time this year, with the heart-shaped flag in the centre due to be changed for future contests. The slogan for Istanbul's contest was "Under The Same Sky", which communicated the importance of a united Europe and Turkish integration.
Every country in the competition, including those who did not qualify for the final, were allowed to vote for other countries. After all performances were completed, each country opened their phone lines to allow their viewers to vote for their favourite song. Voting for the country in which you are situated is not allowed, however. Each country awarded points based on the number of votes cast for each song: the song which received the most viewer votes was awarded 12 points, the second 10 points, the third 8 points and then 7, 6, 5, etc. down to 1.
In the event of a tie, the number of countries to vote for the tying songs would be counted, and the song having the most countries awarding points to it, would be the winner. In the event of a further tie, then the previously used method of counting back on the number of 12 points, 10 points etc., would be used to find an eventual winner.
This was also the first year that the scores were only re-read by the hosts in one language. Before 2004 every point was repeated in French and English, but due to 36 countries voting, and more in years to come, in 2004 to save time the hosts only re-read each score in one language. This was in the opposite of the original country representative spoke in.
Opening and interval acts
A new ABBA video was shown in the semi-final, briefly outlining how ABBA started and what the response was of the first record company they approached. It featured small puppets of the band performing snippets of their songs (the voices being the ones of the band) and featured Rik Mayall as the record company manager. This was cut from the Eurovision Song Contest DVD and released separately. References to the video that were made running up to the showing of it were also cut.
In the semi-final and the final, Meltem Cumbul warmed up the audience with a sing-a-long of Eurovision classic "Nel blu dipinto di blu (Volare)", originally by Domenico Modugno. Sertab Erener returned to the stage in the final to perform "Everyway That I Can", the 2003 winning song, and one of her new songs called "Leave". Sertab also interviewed contestants in the green room. The Turkish dance ensemble Fire of Anatolia performed as the interval act.
Just before the Slovenian entry was about to be performed, the Turkish broadcaster accidentally took a commercial break which meant the Slovenian song was not heard by Turkish viewers and consequently, Turkey gave no votes for the song. There were technical problems when in a short hiatus halfway through the songs, (used for the advertising break), the hosts tried to contact various parties in Europe. They tried contacting Germany, Spain and Turkey, but in the end were only able to get a response from Germany. During the Romanian postcard introduction, the information for the Romanian entry appeared on the screen, but was quickly taken away. A final minor hiccup occurred when, on her way to present the winner the trophy, Sertab Erener got her shoe stuck in a speaker grill by the side of the stage and had to be freed by stagehands. However this did not delay proceedings, and other than the above the show ran smoothly.
An hour after the semi-final had been aired, the European Broadcasting Union discovered that there had been problems with the vote counting in Monaco and Croatia. Digame, an affiliate of Deutsche Telekom, who had been responsible for processing all the votes (from 2004), reported that they had encountered problems with their calculation software, and there was a problem with text message voting in Croatia. When the votes were counted, results showed that Croatia had awarded themselves 4 points, which is against Eurovision rules. Later, an official EBU statement read that there had been technical problems at the side of the Croatian mobile service provider, who neglected to delete the illegal votes from the results. Consequently, some votes were not counted in the results announced at the end of the broadcast of the semi-final. When the results were corrected to include these additional votes, they were found not to have affected which countries had qualified for the Final.
This year's Eurovision contest was the first to be a two-day event, with one qualifying round held on a Wednesday and the grand final held on the following Saturday. Under this new format, byes into the final were given to the 'Big 4'; France, Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom (as the largest financial contributors to the European Broadcasting Union) and the ten highest placed finishers in the 2003 contest.
Andorra, Albania, Belarus and Serbia and Montenegro participated in the Contest for the first time, with Monaco returning after a 25-year absence. Luxembourg were due to return after an absence of 11 years, but later pulled out after money issues arose between RTL and the EBU.
All participating countries had the right to vote in both the qualifying round and the grand final. This was the first year in which all 36 participating countries voted based on a public phone vote. However France, Poland and Russia did not broadcast the semi-final (as they were not participating in it) and therefore did not give votes for it like the other thirty-three countries. In Belgium, the French-language RTBF did not broadcast the semi-final, but the Dutch-language VRT did.
|Håvard Gryting||Norway||1998 (as backing singer for Lars A. Fredriksen), 2000 (as backing singer for Charmed), 2001 (as backing singer for Haldor Lægreid), and 2003 (as backing singer for Jostein Hasselgård)|
|Vladimir Pavelić-Bubi||Croatia||2002 (as backing singer for Vesna Pisarović), and 2003 (for Bosnia and Herzegovina, as backing singer for Mija Martina)|
|Daria Hodnik, Ivana Čabraja, and Dragan Brnas-Fudo||2002 (as backing singers for Vesna Pisarović)|
|Jenny Petersson||Sweden||2001 (for Greece, as backing singer for Antique) and 2003 (as backing singer for Fame)|
|Martin Kagemark||2003 (as backing singer for Fame)|
|Michael "Micke" Blomqvist||2002 (as backing singer for Afro-dite), and 2003 (as backing singer for Fame)|
|Dea Norberg||1999 (as backing singer for Charlotte Nilsson), 2000 (for Malta, as backing singer for Claudette Pace), and 2003 (as backing singer for Fame)|
|Arvid Nielsen||Denmark||1995 (as backing singer for Aud Wilken)|
|Riikka Timonen and Hanna-Riikka Siitonen||Finland||1996 (as backing singers for Jasmine)|
The semi-final was held on 12 May 2004 at 21:00 (CET). 22 countries performed and all participants voted except France, Poland and Russia who opted not to broadcast the show. This was the first ever semi-final in Eurovision history.
The finalists were:
- the four automatic qualifiers France, Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom;
- the top 10 countries from the 2003 contest (other than the automatic qualifiers);
- the top 10 countries from the 2004 semi-final.
|Voting procedure used:
100% Jury vote
|Serbia and Montenegro||263||1||4||12||12||7||10||12||10||12||10||8||10||8||10||12||6||8||1||4||7||10||4||12||10||10||10||12||12||7||12|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||133||10||10||3||8||7||7||12||4||10||7||5||8||12||10||10||10|
Below is a summary of all 12 points in the semi-final:
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|9||Serbia and Montenegro||Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Germany, Netherlands, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine|
|7||Greece||Albania, Cyprus, Israel, Malta, Romania, Turkey, United Kingdom|
|4||Ukraine||Belarus, Estonia, Lithuania, Portugal|
|2||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Denmark, Norway|
|Macedonia||Serbia and Montenegro|
|Voting procedure used:
|Serbia and Montenegro||263||2||7||12||12||3||7||12||10||10||7||1||6||10||10||3||8||12||3||7||7||2||5||1||10||6||10||6||5||7||8||10||12||12||8||12|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||91||10||7||5||6||8||10||4||4||2||10||8||10||7|
Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|8||Ukraine||Estonia, Iceland, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Turkey|
|7||Serbia and Montenegro||Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine|
|5||Greece||Albania, Cyprus, Malta, Romania, United Kingdom|
|4||Sweden||Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway|
|Turkey||Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands|
|Macedonia||Serbia and Montenegro|
In addition to the main winner's trophy, the AP Awards and the Marcel Bezençon Awards were contested during the 2004 Eurovision Song Contest.
|Artist Award||Macedonia||"Life"||Toše Proeski||14||47|
|Composer Award||United Kingdom||"Hold Onto Our Love"||James Fox||16||29|
|Performance Award||Ukraine||"Wild Dances"||Ruslana||1||280|
|Song Award||Portugal||"Foi Magia"||Sofia Vitória||15 SF||38 SF|
Marcel Bezençon Awards
The Marcel Bezençon Awards honour the best competing songs in the final. Named after the founder of the contest, the awards were created and first handed at the 2002 contest by Christer Björkman (Sweden's representative in the 1992 contest and the country's current Head of Delegation), and Richard Herrey (a member of the Herreys who won the 1984 contest for Sweden). The awards are divided into three categories: Artistic Award which was voted by previous winners of the contest, Composer Award, and Press Award.
|Artistic Award||Ukraine||"Wild Dances"||Ruslana||Oleksandr Ksenofontov
|Composer Award||Cyprus||"Stronger Every Minute"||Lisa Andreas||Mike Konnaris (m & l)||5||170|
|Press Award||Serbia and Montenegro||"Lane moje" (Лане моје)||Željko Joksimović||Željko Joksimović||2||263|
Commentators and spokespersons
- Albania – Leon Menkshi (TVSH)
- Andorra – Meri Picart & Josep Lluís Trabal (RTVA)
- Austria – Andi Knoll (ORF2), Martin Blumenau (Final – Hitradio Ö3)
- Belarus – Ales Kruglyakou (Belarus 1)
- Belgium – Dutch: André Vermeulen and Bart Peeters (VRT TV1), Julien Put and Michel Follet (Final – VRT Radio 2), French: Jean-Pierre Hautier (La Une), Patrick Duhamel and Serges Otthiers (Final – La Première)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Dejan Kukric (BHTV1)
- Croatia – Aleksandar "Aco" Kostadinov
- Cyprus – Evi Papamichail (RIK 1)
- Denmark – Jørgen de Mylius (DR1)
- Estonia – Marko Reikop (ETV) and Vello Rand (Raadio 2)
- Finland – Finnish: Markus Kajo and Asko Murtomäki (YLE TV2), Sanna Kojo and Jorma Hietamäki (YLE Radio Suomi); Swedish: Thomas Lundin (YLE FST)
- France – Laurent Ruquier and Elsa Fayer (Final – France 3), Jean-Luc Delarue (Final – France Bleu)
- Germany – Peter Urban (All – Das Erste), Thomas Mohr (Deutschlandfunk/NDR 2)
- Greece – Dafni Bokota (NET)
- Iceland – Gísli Marteinn Baldursson (Sjónvarpið)
- Ireland – Marty Whelan (All – RTÉ One),
- Israel – No commentator
- Latvia – Kārlis Streips
- Lithuania – Darius Užkuraitis
- Macedonia – Milanka Rasic
- Malta – Eileen Montesin
- Monaco – Bernard Montiel & Génie Godula (TMC Monte Carlo)
- Netherlands – Willem van Beusekom and Cornald Maas (Nederland 2), Hijlco Span and Ron Stoeltie (Radio 3)
- Norway – Jostein Pedersen (NRK1)
- Poland – Artur Orzech (TVP1)
- Portugal – Eládio Clímaco (RTP1)
- Romania – Andreea Demirgian (TVR1)
- Russia – Yuri Aksyuta and Yelena Batinova (Channel One)
- Serbia and Montenegro – Serbian: Duška Vučinić-Lučić (RTS1), Montenegrin: Dražen Bauković and Tamara Ivanković (TVCG2))
- Slovenia – Andrea F
- Spain – Beatriz Pécker (semi-final TVE2, final TVE1)
- Sweden – Pekka Heino (SVT1), Björn Kjellman and Carolina Norén (SR P3)
- Switzerland – German: Marco Fritsche (SF1), French: Jean-Marc Richard and Alain Morisod (TSR1), Italian: Daniela Tami and Claudio Lazzarino (TSI 1)
- Turkey – Bülend Özveren and Didem Tolunay (TRT 1), Ümit Tunçağ, Osman Erkan and Gülşah Banda (Final – TRT Radyo 3)
- Ukraine – Rodion Pryntsevsky (First National TV Channel),
- United Kingdom – Paddy O'Connell (Semi-final – BBC Three), Terry Wogan (Final – BBC One), Ken Bruce (Final – BBC Radio 2)
Each country appointed a spokesperson to announce their respective country's points.
- Andorra – Pati Molné
- Albania – Zhani Ciko
- Austria – Dodo Roščić
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Mija Martina (Bosnian representative in the 2003 contest)
- Belgium – Martine Prenen
- Belarus – Denis Kurian
- Switzerland – Emel Aykanat
- Serbia and Montenegro – Nataša Miljković
- Cyprus – Loukas Hamatsos
- Germany – Thomas Anders
- Denmark – Camilla Ottesen
- Estonia – Maarja-Liis Ilus (Estonian representative in the 1996 and 1997 contests)
- Spain – Anne Igartiburu
- Finland – Anna Stenlund
- France – Alex Taylor
- United Kingdom – Lorraine Kelly
- Greece – Alexis Kostalas
- Croatia – Barbara Kolar
- Ireland – Johnny Logan (winner of the 1980 and 1987 contests, winning composer in the 1992 contest)
- Israel – Merav Miller
- Iceland – Sigrún Ósk Kristjánsdóttir
- Lithuania – Rolandas Vilkončius
- Latvia – Lauris Reiniks (Latvian representative in the 2003 contest as a part of F.L.Y.)
- Monaco – Anne Allegrini
- Macedonia – Karolina Petkovska
- Malta – Claire Agius
- Netherlands – Esther Hart (Dutch representative in the 2003 contest)
- Norway – Ingvild Helljesen
- Poland – Maciej Orłoś
- Portugal – Isabel Angelino
- Romania – Andreea Marin
- Russia – Yana Churikova
- Sweden – Jovan Radomir
- Slovenia – Peter Poles
- Turkey – Meltem Ersan Yazgan
- Ukraine – Pavlo Shylko (DJ Pascha) (Later co-presenter of the 2005 contest)
|Eurovision Song Contest: Istanbul 2004|
|Compilation album by|
|Released||26 April 2004|
|Label||EMI / CMC|
|Eurovision Song Contest chronology|
Eurovision Song Contest: Istanbul 2004 was the official compilation album of the 2004 Contest, put together by the European Broadcasting Union and released by EMI Records and CMC International on 26 April 2004. The album featured all 36 songs that entered in the 2004 contest, including the semi-finalists that failed to qualify into the grand final.
|German Compilation Albums (Offizielle Top 100)||3|
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eurovision Song Contest 2004.|
- Official website
- EBU press notice regarding voting problems in the semi-final
- Details about the 2004 Eurovision Song Contest in Istanbul
- Video Clips (BBC Eurovision 2004) (RealPlayer)