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Eurovision Song Contest 2020

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Eurovision Song Contest 2020
Open Up
Eurovision Song Contest 2020 logo.svg
Dates
Semi-final 112 May 2020
Semi-final 214 May 2020
Final16 May 2020
Host
VenueRotterdam Ahoy, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Directed by
  • Marnix Kaart
  • Marc Pos
Executive supervisorJon Ola Sand
Executive producer
  • Sietse Bakker
  • Inge van de Weerd
Host broadcaster
Participants
Number of entries41
Debuting countriesNone
Returning countries Bulgaria
 Ukraine
Withdrawing countries Hungary
 Montenegro
Vote
Voting systemEach country awards two sets of 12, 10, 8–1 points to their 10 favourite songs: one set from their professional jury and the other from televoting

The Eurovision Song Contest 2020 will be the 65th edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. The contest will take place in Rotterdam, Netherlands, following the country's victory at the 2019 contest in Tel Aviv, Israel, with the song "Arcade" performed by Duncan Laurence. This will be the fifth time that the Netherlands hosts the contest, the last edition having been the 1980 contest, and the first Eurovision event to be hosted in the country since the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2012. The contest will be held at Rotterdam Ahoy; it will consist of two semi-finals on 12 and 14 May, and the final on 16 May 2020.[1]

Forty-one countries will participate in the contest. Bulgaria and Ukraine will return after their absences from the 2019 contest, while Hungary and Montenegro will withdraw.

Location

Rotterdam Ahoy, the venue of the 2020 Eurovision Song Contest

Preparations for the 2020 contest began on 19 May 2019, immediately after the Netherlands won the 2019 contest in Tel Aviv, Israel. Jon Ola Sand, the executive supervisor of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) for the contest, handed AVROTROS, the Dutch participating broadcaster, a stack of documents and a USB drive with tools to begin the work needed to host the next contest.[2] AVROTROS is co-organising the event with sister broadcaster Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS) and their parent public broadcasting organisation, Nederlandse Publieke Omroep (NPO).[3][4]

Bidding phase

Locations of the candidate cities: the chosen host city is marked in blue. The shortlisted cities are marked in green, while the eliminated cities are marked in red.

Already prior to the 2019 contest, when bookmakers expected Laurence to win, several Dutch cities, including Amsterdam, The Hague and Maastricht, announced their intent to host the contest should Laurence win.[5] A spokesperson for NPO also stated that the broadcaster had a rough plan for how they would select the host city in the event of a Dutch victory.[6] When Laurence won the contest, mayors of various municipalities immediately began lobbying Mark Rutte, the Prime Minister of the Netherlands, through text messages.[7] Public figures, including Laurence, Esther Hart, Getty Kaspers and André Rieu, publicly voiced their support for their respective favourite host cities.[8]

The hosting broadcasters launched the bidding process on 29 May 2019.[9] In the first phase of this process, cities were to formally apply to bid.[10] Nine cities—Amsterdam, Arnhem, Breda, 's-Hertogenbosch, The Hague, Leeuwarden, Maastricht, Rotterdam, and Utrecht—did so and received a list of criteria they and their venues needed to meet on 12 June 2019.[10] Initially, Zwolle had also considered launching a bid to host the event but the city ultimately decided against doing so because it deemed its venue, the IJsselhallen, to have unsuitable proportions.[11] Enschede could have been a potential host city as Enschede Airport Twente considered bidding to host the event in its eleventh hangar, however, it later learned that Enschede's municipality executive board had decided against financially supporting such a bid.[12][13]

From this point on, these nine cities had until 10 July 2019 to compile their bid books to demonstrate their capabilities to host the contest.[10] Further cities were still able to join in on the bidding race by applying prior to the deadline.[10] During this period, four cities withdrew. Amsterdam could not host the contest because it was preoccupied with hosting other events during the contest's time frame.[14] Breda dropped out due to financial concerns.[15] Leeuwarden ceased bidding due to the insufficient height of the ceiling of its WTC Expo.[16] The Hague dropped its bid because both of its potential venues were unsuitable for the event.[17] The local Cars Jeans Stadion football stadium would have been large enough but lacked a roof, and installing such a roof would have made the bid financially unviable.[17] Its other option would have been spanning a tent over the Malieveld field, but after reviewing the hosting conditions, this option fell out of favour.[17] Following its withdrawal, The Hague turned to support Rotterdam's bid instead.[17]

The five remaining cities—Arnhem, 's-Hertogenbosch, Maastricht, Rotterdam, and Utrecht—delivered their finished bid books to a ceremonial event held in Hilversum on 10 July 2019.[18] The hosting broadcasters reviewed the bids presented and on 16 July 2019 announced that it eliminated those for Arnhem, 's-Hertogenbosch and Utrecht, shortlisting only Maastricht and Rotterdam.[19] Utrecht was specifically eliminated because its proposal to span a tent over its Jaarbeurs offered limited possibilities for testing on location and had a questionable suitability for events like the Eurovision Song Contest,[20] while 's-Hertogenbosch was dropped due to an insufficient ceiling height in its Brabanthallen and too few hotel rooms blocked for potential visitors of the contest.[21]

To review and discuss the location, venue and surrounding events for the remaining bids, NPO visited Maastricht on 17 July 2019 and did the same in Rotterdam on the following day.[22][23] By late July, additional visits to the two shortlisted cities were deemed necessary to review production logistics.[24] The EBU did not pay visits to either city.[25] Maastricht and Rotterdam were to hand in revised versions of their bid books by 9 August 2019 to add details involving the cities' social programmes, side-events and programme licensing.[26] On 30 August, Rotterdam was announced as the host city during a special broadcast on NPO 1 and NPO 2.[1][27]

Key:  †  Host venue  ‡  Shortlisted venues

City Venue Notes Ref.
Arnhem GelreDome Joint bid with the city of Nijmegen and the Veluwe region [28]
's-Hertogenbosch Brabanthallen Candidacy was supported by the province of North Brabant and the cities of Breda, Eindhoven, Tilburg and Helmond [28]
Maastricht MECC Maastricht Candidacy was supported by the province of Limburg and surrounding cities [28][29]
Rotterdam Rotterdam Ahoy Candidacy was supported by the province of South Holland and the cities of Dordrecht and The Hague; venue previously hosted the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2007 [28][29]
Utrecht Jaarbeurs [28]

Format

Slogan

The contest's slogan, "Open Up", was unveiled on 24 October 2019.[30]

Semi-final allocation draw

The draw to determine the participating countries' semi-finals will take place on 28 January 2020, in Rotterdam.[31]

Voting

The Spanish Head of Delegation revealed on 22 October 2019 that the EBU was consulting with delegations on potential changes to the voting system.[32] The Greek Head of Delegation revealed on 30 October 2019 that the majority of delegations (80%) voted in favour of maintaining the current voting system.[33]

Participating countries

The EBU announced on 13 November 2019 that forty-one countries will participate in the contest, with Bulgaria and Ukraine returning after their absence from the 2019 contest, and with Hungary and Montenegro withdrawing.[31]

Semi-finals

Country[31] Artist[34][35] Song[35] Language(s)
 Albania TBD 22 December 2019 TBD 22 December 2019
 Armenia
 Australia TBD 8 February 2020 TBD 8 February 2020
 Austria
 Azerbaijan
 Belarus
 Belgium Hooverphonic TBA February 2020[36] English[37]
 Bulgaria TBA 25 November 2019
 Croatia TBD 29 February 2020[38] TBD 29 February 2020[38]
 Cyprus
 Czech Republic
 Denmark TBD 7 March 2020 TBD 7 March 2020
 Estonia TBD 29 February 2020 TBD 29 February 2020
 Finland TBD 7 March 2020 TBD 7 March 2020
 Georgia
 Greece
 Iceland TBD 29 February 2020 TBD 29 February 2020
 Ireland
 Israel TBD January 2020[39]
 Latvia TBD 8 February 2020 TBD 8 February 2020
 Lithuania TBD February 2020[40] TBD February 2020[40]
 Malta TBD 8 February 2020[41]
 Moldova
 North Macedonia
 Norway TBD 15 February 2020 TBD 15 February 2020
 Poland
 Portugal TBD 7 March 2020[42] TBD 7 March 2020[42]
 Romania
 Russia
 San Marino
 Serbia
 Slovenia
 Sweden TBD 7 March 2020 TBD 7 March 2020
  Switzerland
 Ukraine TBD 22 February 2020 TBD 22 February 2020

Final

Country[31] Artist[34][35] Song[35] Language(s)
 France
 Germany
 Italy TBD 8 February 2020 TBD 8 February 2020
 Netherlands
 Spain Blas Cantó
 United Kingdom

Other countries

Eligibility for potential participation in the Eurovision Song Contest requires a national broadcaster with active EBU membership that will be able to broadcast the contest via the Eurovision network. The EBU will issue an invitation of participation in the contest to all active members. In contrast to previous years, associate member Australia does not need an invitation for the 2020 contest, as it was granted permission to participate until 2023.[43]

Active EBU members

  •  Andorra – In March 2019, Andorran broadcaster Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra (RTVA) stated that they would be open to co-operating with Catalan broadcaster Televisió de Catalunya (TVC) to participate in future contests. The two broadcasters had previously co-operated when Andorra debuted in 2004.[44] However, in May 2019, RTVA confirmed that they would not participate in the 2020 contest. Andorra last participated in 2009, after which the broadcaster withdrew due to financial issues.[45]
  •  Bosnia and Herzegovina – In December 2018, Lejla Babović, an executive with Radio and Television of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BHRT), stated that returning to the contest was BHRT's primary goal, but also that their financial situation made it difficult to return to the contest in 2020.[46] In July 2019, BHRT confirmed that they could not return due to sanctions imposed by the EBU as a result of the broadcaster's outstanding debt with the organisation. Bosnia and Herzegovina last took part in 2016.[47]
  •  Hungary – In October 2019, Hungarian broadcaster MTVA stated, that A Dal, which had been used as the national selection process since 2012, would not be used to select Hungary's entry to the 2020 contest, and instead of focusing on Eurovision, the creators of A Dal want to focus more on supporting the Hungarian pop scene.[48]
  •  Luxembourg – Because Luxembourg had not participated in the competition since 1993, there were increasing calls on them to return to the contest by 2019. In May 2019, Anne-Marie David, who won the 1973 contest for Luxembourg, called on the nation to return, while a petition from fans demanding a Luxembourgish return to the contest was sent to the Luxembourgish broadcaster RTL Télé Lëtzebuerg (RTL) and the Chamber of Deputies of Luxembourg. In previous years, RTL had stated they would not return to the contest due to financial concerns and the belief that smaller nations could not succeed in modern Eurovision events.[49] In June 2019, the Chamber of Deputies opened a petition of its own, which accepted signatures through 1 August 2019.[50] In July 2019, however, the broadcaster stated that they would not participate in the 2020 contest because the contest would be a financial strain on the broadcaster and because they focused on news content instead of music and entertainment.[51]
  •  Monaco – Monégasque broadcaster TMC confirmed in August 2019 that it would not take part in the 2020 contest. Monaco last participated in 2006.[52]
  •  Montenegro – Montenegrin broadcaster RTCG confirmed its preliminary participation in September 2019.[53] However, the broadcaster informed website ESCToday in November that its participation in the 2020 contest would not be possible.[54] RTCG's director general, Božidar Šundić, challenged this statement, stating that a decision on the participation had yet to be made by RTCG's council.[55] Montenegro did not appear on the final list of participants, and RTCG later stated that they had withdrawn due to "modest results" and financial issues.[56] The money that would have otherwise been used for the contest participation fee was instead allocated to purchasing new cars to be used by RTCG staff.[57]
  •  Slovakia – In June 2019, Slovak broadcaster Radio and Television of Slovakia (RTVS) announced that it would not participate in the 2020 contest due to a lack of interest from the Slovak public. Slovakia last took part in 2012.[58]
  •  Turkey – In September 2019, the EBU stated that Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT) had not signed up to compete in the 2020 contest. Turkey last took part in 2012.[59]

Associate EBU members

  •  Kazakhstan – In November 2018, Jon Ola Sand, the executive supervisor of the contest, stated that Kazakhstan's participation in the contest needed to be discussed by the contest's reference group. Kazakhstan, through its EBU associate member Khabar Agency, had previously been invited to participate in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest by that contest's reference group, though that would have no effect on their participation in the main contest.[60] The EBU stated in September 2019 that they had no intent to invite Kazakhstan to the 2020 contest.[61]

Non-EBU members

  •  Kosovo – In June 2018, Mentor Shala, the then-general director of Kosovan broadcaster Radio Television of Kosovo (RTK), stated that the broadcaster was still pushing for full EBU membership and that it hoped to debut at the 2020 contest.[62] In June 2019, at the EBU's 82nd General Assembly, members of the EBU voted against the abolishing of an International Telecommunication Union (ITU) membership as a requirement to join the EBU, thus RTK cannot join the EBU in time for the 2020 contest.[63]
  •  Liechtenstein – In August 2019, Liechtensteiner broadcaster 1 FL TV announced that they ruled out debuting in the 2020 contest. The broadcaster had attempted to become an EBU member in the past but halted its plans when its director, Peter Kölbel, unexpectedly died. It would also need the backing of the Liechtenstein government to be able to carry the cost of becoming an EBU member and paying the participation fee for the Eurovision Song Contest.[64]

Production

The Eurovision Song Contest 2020 is a co-production between three related Dutch television organisations—AVROTROS, Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS), and Nederlandse Publieke Omroep (NPO)—of which each assumed a different role.[3] Sietse Bakker and Inge van de Weerd are serving as executive producers, while Emilie Sickinghe and Jessica Stam are deputy executive producers.[65] In August 2019, Marnix Kaart and Marc Pos were announced as the directors of the three live shows,[66] as well as Gerben Bakker as head of show.[67] Cornald Maas serves as creative advisor.[68] Jon Ola Sand, executive supervisor of the contest, will keep his role as he has done since 2011, though he plans to step down following the 2020 contest.[69]

Video-on-demand release

Video-on-demand service Netflix signed an agreement with the EBU in July 2019 that would allow them to distribute the 2020 contest on their service in the United States.[70]

See also

References

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External links