Eurovision Young Musicians

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Eurovision Young Musicians
Eurovision Young Musicians generic logo.svg
Genre Music contest
Theme music composer Marc-Antoine Charpentier
Opening theme Te Deum: Marche en rondeau (prelude)
Ending theme Te Deum: Marche en rondeau (prelude)
Original language(s) English
No. of episodes 18 contests
Production
Running time 90 minutes (2010–12, 2018)
120 minutes (2014–2016)
Production company(s) European Broadcasting Union
Distributor Eurovision
Release
Original release 11 May 1982; 36 years ago (1982-05-11) – present
Chronology
Related shows Eurovision Song Contest (1956–)
Eurovision Young Dancers (1985–)
Junior Eurovision Song Contest (2003–)
Eurovision Dance Contest (2007–2008)
Eurovision Choir of the Year (2017–)
External links
Official website

The Eurovision Young Musicians (French: L'Eurovision des Jeunes Musiciens), often shortened to EYM, or Young Musicians, is a biennial classical music competition for European musicians that are 18 years old or younger. It is organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and broadcast on television throughout Europe, with some countries holding national heats.

The first edition of the Eurovision Young Musicians took place in Manchester, United Kingdom on 11 May 1982 and 6 countries took part. The contest was won by Markus Pawlik from West Germany, who played the piano. Austria is the most successful country in the Young Musicians contest, having won five times 1988, 1998, 2002, 2004, and 2014 respectively and has hosted the contest a record six times. The most recent edition of this competition took place in Cologne, Germany on 3 September 2016 and was won by Łukasz Dyczko, who played the saxophone for Poland.

History[edit]

The Eurovision Young Musicians, inspired by the success of the BBC Young Musician of the Year, is a biennial competition organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) for European musicians that are 18 years old or younger. Some participating countries held national heats in order to select their representatives for the contest. The first edition of the Eurovision Young Musicians took place in Manchester, United Kingdom on 11 May 1982 and 6 countries took part.[1] Germany's Markus Pawlik won the contest, with France and Switzerland placing second and third respectively.[2] It was also notable that Germany won the Eurovision Song Contest 1982 just a few weeks earlier.[3]

The BBC Young Musician of the Year is a televised national music competition. Broadcast originally on BBC Two biennially, and then on BBC Four years later, despite the name, and hosted by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).[1] The competition, a member of European Union of Music Competitions for Youth, is designed for British percussion, keyboard, string, brass and woodwind players, all of whom must be eighteen years of age or under on 1 January in the relevant year.[4]

The competition was established in 1978 by Humphrey Burton, Walter Todds and Roy Tipping, former members of the BBC Television Music Department.[1] Michael Hext, a trombonist, was the inaugural winner. In 1994, the usage of percussion instruments was first permitted, alongside the existing keyboard, string, brass and woodwind categories.[1] Since its introduction, the allowance of percussion instruments has increased interest in the competition among young people.[1] The competition has five stages, which consist of regional auditions, category auditions, category finals, semi-finals and the final.[5] As a result of the success of the competition, the Eurovision Young Musicians competition was initiated in 1982.[1]

Instruments and their first appearance[edit]

Lucie Horsch from the Netherlands played the recorder in 2014
Croatia's Marko Martinović played the tamburica in 2016

List contains only televised finals (preliminary rounds or semi finals are not included).

Order Instrument First
appearance
Country First performer
1 Piano 1982  United Kingdom Anna Markland
2 Clarinet 1982  France Paul Meyer
3 Violin 1982  Norway Atle Sponberg
4 Viola 1984  France Sabine Toutain
5 Cello 1984   Switzerland Martina Schuchen
6 Horn 1988  United Kingdom David Pyatt
7 Accordion 1990  Belgium Christophe Delporte
8 Harmonica 1992  Spain Antonio Serrano
9 Trombone 1994   Switzerland David Bruchez
10 Organ 1994  Denmark Frederik Magle
11 Percussion 1998  United Kingdom Adrian Spillett
12 Contrabass 2000  Hungary Ödön Rácz
13 Trumpet 2000  France David Guerrier
14 Harp 2000  Netherlands Gwyneth Wentink
15 Saxophone 2004  Germany Koryun Asatryan
16 Oboe 2006   Switzerland Simone Sommerhalder
17 Flute 2006  Austria Daniela Koch
18 Cimbalom 2012  Belarus Alexandra Denisenya
19 Bassoon 2012  Czech Republic Michaela Špačková
20 Kanun 2012  Armenia Narek Kazazyan
21 Guitar 2014  Malta Kurt Aquilina
22 Recorder 2014  Netherlands Lucie Horsch
23 Double bass 2016  Austria Dominik Wagner
24 Tamburica 2016  Croatia Marko Martinović

Format[edit]

The generic logo used for the 2012, 2014 and 2016 editions of the contest.

Each country is represented by one young talented musician that performs a piece of classical music of his or her choice accompanied by the local orchestra and a jury (composed by international experts) decides the top 3 participants. Prior to 2014 and again in 2018, a semi-final took place a few days before the Contest, and the jury decided as well which countries qualified for the final.[6]

Participation[edit]

Eligible participants include primarily Active Members (as opposed to Associate Members) of the EBU. Active members are those who are located in states that fall within the European Broadcasting Area, or are member states of the Council of Europe.[7]

The European Broadcasting Area is defined by the International Telecommunication Union:[8]

The "European Broadcasting Area" is bounded on the west by the western boundary of Region 1, on the east by the meridian 40° East of Greenwich and on the south by the parallel 30° North so as to include the northern part of Saudi Arabia and that part of those countries bordering the Mediterranean within these limits. In addition, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and those parts of the territories of Iraq, Jordan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey and Ukraine lying outside the above limits are included in the European Broadcasting Area.[a]

The western boundary of Region 1 is defined by a line running from the North Pole along meridian 10° West of Greenwich to its intersection with parallel 72° North; thence by great circle arc to the intersection of meridian 50° West and parallel 40° North; thence by great circle arc to the intersection of meridian 20° West and parallel 10° South; thence along meridian 20° West to the South Pole.[9]

Active members include broadcasting organisations whose transmissions are made available to at least 98% of households in their own country which are equipped to receive such transmissions. If an EBU Active Member wishes to participate, they must fulfil conditions as laid down by the rules of the contest (of which a separate copy is drafted annually).[7]

Eligibility to participate is not determined by geographic inclusion within the continent of Europe, despite the "Euro" in "Eurovision" – nor does it have any relation to the European Union. Several countries geographically outside the boundaries of Europe have competed: Israel, Cyprus and Armenia, in Western Asia, since 1986, 1988 and 2012 respectively. In addition, several transcontinental countries with only part of their territory in Europe have competed: Russia, since 1994; and Georgia, since 2012. Listed below are all the countries that have taken part in the competition or are eligible to take part but have yet to do so.

Participation since 1982:
  Entered at least once
  Never entered, although eligible to do so
  Competed as a part of another country (Yugoslavia), but never as a sovereignty

Forty-two countries have participated in the Eurovision Young Musicians since it started in 1982. Of these, ten have won the contest. The contest, organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), is held biennially between members of the Union.

Year Country making its début entry
1982
1984
1986
1988
1990
1992
1994
1998
2002
2006
2008
2010
2012
2014
2016
2018

Hosting[edit]

Host cities of the Eurovision Young Musicians

Most of the expense of the contest is covered by commercial sponsors and contributions from the other participating nations. The contest is considered to be a unique opportunity for promoting the host country as a tourist destination. The table below shows a list of cities and venues that have hosted the Eurovision Young Musicians, one or more times. Future venues are shown in italics. With 6 contests, Austria and its capital, Vienna have hosted the most contests.[10]

Contests Country City Venue Years
6  Austria Vienna Musikverein
Konzerthaus
Rathausplatz
3  Germany Berlin Konzerthaus 2002
Cologne Cologne Cathedral
2   Switzerland Geneva Victoria Hall 1984
Lucerne Culture and Congress Centre 2004
 United Kingdom Manchester Free Trade Hall 1982
Edinburgh Usher Hall 2018
1  Denmark Copenhagen Radiohuset 1986
 Netherlands Amsterdam Concertgebouw 1988
 Belgium Brussels Cirque Royal 1992
 Poland Warsaw Philharmonic Concert Hall 1994
 Portugal Lisbon Cultural Centre of Belém 1996
 Norway Bergen Grieg Hall 2000

Winners[edit]

As of 2016, there have been eighteen editions of the Eurovision Young Musicians competition, a biennial musicians contest organised by member countries of the European Broadcasting Union, with each contest having one winner.[11]

Winners by year[edit]

Year Date Host City Countries Winner Performer Instrument Piece Runner-up
1982 11 May United Kingdom Manchester 6  Germany Markus Pawlik Piano Piano Concerto No.1 by Felix Mendelssohn  France
1984 22 May Switzerland Geneva 7  Netherlands Isabelle van Keulen (nl) Violin Violin concert no. 5 op. 37 by Henri Vieuxtemps  Finland
1986 27 May Denmark Copenhagen 15  France Sandrine Lazarides Piano Piano Concerto E flat by Franz Liszt   Switzerland
1988 31 May Netherlands Amsterdam 16  Austria Julian Rachlin Violin Concerto for violin and orchestra in d, op.22 by Henryk Wieniawski  Norway
1990 29 May Austria Vienna 18  Netherlands Niek van Oosterum (nl) Piano Concert for Piano and Orchestra a-minor op. 16, 1 Mov. by Edvard Grieg  Germany
1992 9 June Belgium Brussels 13  Poland Bartłomiej Nizioł Violin Concerto for violin and orchestra in d major op. 77 by Johannes Brahms  Spain
1994 14 June Poland Warsaw 24  United Kingdom Natalie Clein Cello Cello Concerto in E minor, op. 85, part I by Edward Elgar  Latvia
1996 12 June Portugal Lisbon 17  Germany Julia Fischer Violin  Austria
1998 4 June Austria Vienna 13  Austria Lidia Baich (de) Violin Violin Concerto no. 5, 1st Mov. by Henri Vieuxtemps  Croatia
2000 15 June Norway Bergen 18  Poland Stanisław Drzewiecki Piano Piano Concerto in E minor, op. 11, 3rd movement by Frederic Chopin  Finland
2002 19 June Germany Berlin 20  Austria Dalibor Karvay Violin Carmen Fantasy by Franz Waxman  United Kingdom
2004 27 May Switzerland Lucerne 17  Austria Alexandra Soumm (de; fr; ru) Violin Violin Concerto No.1 (1st Movement) by Niccolò Paganini  Germany
2006 12 May Austria Vienna 18  Sweden Andreas Brantelid Cello Concerto for Violoncello and Orchestra, 1st movement by Joseph Haydn  Norway
2008 9 May Austria Vienna 16  Greece Dionysis Grammenos (el) Clarinet Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra, 4th movement by Jean Françaix  Finland
2010 14 May Austria Vienna 15  Slovenia Eva Nina Kozmus Flute Concerto for flute, III. mov. Allegro scherzando by Jacques Ibert  Norway
2012 11 May Austria Vienna 14  Norway Eivind Holtsmark Ringstad (no) Viola Viola concerto, 2 & 3 mov. by Béla Bartók  Austria
2014 31 May Germany Cologne 14  Austria Ziyu He Violin 2. Violinkonzert by Béla Bartók  Slovenia
2016 3 September Germany Cologne[12] 11  Poland Łukasz Dyczko (pl) Saxophone Rhapsody pour Saxophone alto by André Waignein  Czech Republic
2018 23 August United Kingdom Edinburgh 18

By country[edit]

Map showing each country's number of Young Musicians gold medal wins up to and including 2016.

The table below shows the top-three placings from each contest, along with the years that a country won the contest.

Country 1st, gold medalist(s) 2nd, silver medalist(s) 3rd, bronze medalist(s) Total Years won
 Austria 5 2 1 8
 Poland 3 0 0 3
 Germany 2 1 0 3
 Netherlands 2 0 0 2
 Norway 1 3 1 5
 United Kingdom 1 1 2 4
 Slovenia 1 1 1 3
 France 1 1 0 2
 Sweden 1 0 1 2
 Greece 1 0 0 1
 Finland 0 3 1 4 N/A
  Switzerland 0 1 1 2 N/A
 Croatia 0 1 0 1 N/A
 Czech Republic 0 1 0 1 N/A
 Latvia 0 1 0 1 N/A
 Spain 0 1 0 1 N/A
 Russia 0 0 4 4 N/A
 Armenia 0 0 1 1 N/A
 Belgium 0 0 1 1 N/A
 Estonia 0 0 1 1 N/A
 Hungary 0 0 1 1 N/A
 Italy 0 0 1 1 N/A

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The European Broadcasting Area was expanded in November 2007 by the World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-07), also to include Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia.[8][13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "History. How it all started". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). Archived from the original on 7 April 2008. Retrieved 6 March 2008. 
  2. ^ "Eurovision Young Musicians 1982 (Participants)". youngmusicians.tv. European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1982". eurovision.tv. European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "BBC Young Musician of the Year". BBC. Retrieved 4 March 2008. 
  5. ^ "Stages of the Competition". BBC. Retrieved 3 March 2008. 
  6. ^ "All you need to know about Young Musicians 2012". 
  7. ^ a b "Membership conditions". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 3 February 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "ITU-R Radio Regulations 2012-2015" (PDF). International Telecommunication Union, available from the Spectrum Management Authority of Jamaica. 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2013. 
  9. ^ "Radio Regulations". International Telecommunication Union. 8 September 2005. Retrieved 18 July 2006. 
  10. ^ "Eurovision Young Musicians - History by year". youngmusicians.tv. European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  11. ^ "Eurovision Young Musicians - History by country". youngmusicians.tv. European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  12. ^ "WDR and Cologne chosen to host 2016 competition". Youngmusicians.tv. 9 December 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 
  13. ^ "ITU-R Radio Regulations - Articles edition of 2004 (valid in 2004-2007)" (PDF). International Telecommunication Union. 2004. 

External links[edit]