Eurymela fenestrata

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Eurymela fenestrata
Common jassid nymph.jpg
Later stage nymph instar of Eurymela fenestrata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Family: Cicadellidae
Genus: Eurymela
Species: E. fenestrata
Binomial name
Eurymela fenestrataa

Eurymela fenestrata, widely known as the common jassid[2] and sometimes as the large gum treehopper, is a species of leafhopper found throughout mainland Australia.

Description[edit]

The common jassid is a large leafhopper, adults reaching a length of 15 mm (0.6 in). The body shape has been compared to a bison, and is robust and wedge-shaped, broad at the front and bluntly tapering at the back. The wide prothorax is red and the abdomen brown and deep violet, with several white patches on the wings. The limbs are black. The nymphs are reddish-brown marked with black.[3]

Ecology[edit]

Jassid nymphs being tended by meat ants

Leafhoppers are hemimetabolous insects with incomplete metamorphosis. They have an egg stage, five nymphal stages and an adult stage. In this species there is normally a single generation each year. Like other leafhoppers, the common jassid sucks sap from plants, in this case, various species of Eucalyptus.[3] The sap is a watery fluid and large quantities need to be ingested for the insects to obtain all the nutrients they need. The excess liquid is excreted as honeydew and sooty mould often grows on this.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Genus Eurymela Le Peletier & Serville". Agricultural Scientific Collections Unit Insect Keys. Department of Primary Industries (New South Wales). Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  2. ^ Phillips, Charlma (June 1992). "PIRSA Forestry Leafhoppers". PIRSA Forestry. Department of Primary Industries & Regions, South Australia. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  3. ^ a b Chew, Peter. "Common Jassid - Eurymela fenestrata". Brisbane Insects and Spiders. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  4. ^ Costa, James T. (2006). The Other Insect Societies. Harvard University Press. pp. 246–247. ISBN 978-0-674-02163-1.

External links[edit]