|Euscorpius balearicus is a very pale species|
Acanthothraustes Mello-Leitão, 1945
Euscorpius is a genus of scorpions, commonly called small wood-scorpions. It presently contains 17 species (but see below) and is the type genus of the family Euscorpiidae - long included in the Chactidae - and the subfamily Euscorpiinae.
The most common members belong to the E. carpathicus species complex, which makes up the subgenus Euscorpius. This group is widespread from North Africa and Spain to temperate Eurasia from England and northern France through the Czech Republic to Russia.
The species range in colour from yellow-brown to dark brown. Many are brown with yellow legs and stinger. The largest is E. italicus at 5 cm (2 in), and the smallest is E. germanus at 1.5 cm (0.6 in). The venom of Euscorpius species is generally very weak, with effects similar to a mosquito bite. Some smaller specimens may not even be able to puncture the human skin with their stings.
The genus is currently undergoing revision and the status of taxa is liable to change.
- Euscorpius alpha Di Caporiacco, 1950
- Euscorpius avcii Tropea, Yağmur, Koç, Yeşilyurt & Rossi, 2012
- Euscorpius balearicus Di Caporiacco, 1950
- Euscorpius beroni Fet, 2000
- Euscorpius carpathicus (Linnaeus, 1767)
- Euscorpius concinnus (C.L.Koch, 1837)
- Euscorpius flavicaudis (DeGeer, 1778)
- Euscorpius gamma Di Caporiacco, 1950
- Euscorpius germanus (C.L.Koch, 1837)
- Euscorpius hadzii Di Caporiacco, 1950
- Euscorpius italicus (Herbst, 1800)
- Euscorpius koschewnikowi Birula, 1900
- Euscorpius lycius Yagmur, 2013
- Euscorpius mingrelicus (Kessler, 1874)
- Euscorpius naupliensis (C.L.Koch, 1837)
- Euscorpius oglasae Di Caporiacco, 1950 (recently split from E. carpathicus)
- Euscorpius sicanus (C.L.Koch, 1837)
- Euscorpius tauricus (C.L.Koch, 1837)
- Euscorpius tergestinus (C.L.Koch, 1837) – Skeged Scorpion
- Teruel & Fet (2005)
- Rein (2008a)
- Rein (2008b,c)
- Tropea, Gioele; Yagmur, Ersen; Koç, Halil; Yeşilyurt, Fatih; Rossi, Andrea (2012). "A new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 (Scorpiones, Euscorpiidae) from Turkey". ZooKeys 219: 63–80. doi:10.3897/zookeys.219.3597.
- Rein, Jan Ove (2008a): The Scorpion Files - Euscorpius tergestinus. Retrieved 2008-JUN-25.
- Rein, Jan Ove (2008b): The Scorpion Files - Euscorpiidae. Retrieved 2008-JUN-25.
- Rein, Jan Ove (2008c): The Scorpion Files - Key to the species of Euscorpius. Retrieved 2008-JUN-25.
- Teruel, Rolando & Fet, Victor (eds.) (2005): Synopsis of the described scorpions of the world - Family Euscorpiidae. Version of 3/7/2005. Retrieved 2008-JUN-25.
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