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E.c.balearicus Malorca 2002.jpg
Euscorpius balearicus is a very pale species
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Subclass: Dromopoda
Order: Scorpiones
Family: Euscorpiidae
Subfamily: Euscorpiinae
Genus: Euscorpius
Thorell, 1876

Alpiscorpius Gantenbein, Fet, Largiader & Scholl, 1999
Euscorpius Thorell, 1876
Polytrichobothrius Birula, 1917
Tetratrichobothrius Birula, 1917


Acanthothraustes Mello-Leitão, 1945
Scorpius Poda, 1761

Euscorpius is a genus of scorpions, commonly called small wood-scorpions. It presently contains 17 species (but see below) and is the type genus of the family Euscorpiidae - long included in the Chactidae[2] - and the subfamily Euscorpiinae.

The most common members belong to the E. carpathicus species complex, which makes up the subgenus Euscorpius.[1] This group is widespread from North Africa and Spain to temperate Eurasia from England and northern France through the Czech Republic to Russia.[2]

The species range in colour from yellow-brown to dark brown. Many are brown with yellow legs and stinger. The largest is E. italicus at 5 cm (2 in), and the smallest is E. germanus at 1.5 cm (0.6 in). The poison of Euscorpius species is generally very weak, with effects similar to a mosquito bite.


The genus is currently undergoing revision and the status of taxa is liable to change.


  1. ^ a b Teruel & Fet (2005)
  2. ^ a b Rein (2008a)
  3. ^ Rein (2008b,c)
  4. ^ Tropea, Gioele; Yagmur, Ersen; Koç, Halil; Yeşilyurt, Fatih; Rossi, Andrea (2012). "A new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 (Scorpiones, Euscorpiidae) from Turkey". ZooKeys 219: 63–80. doi:10.3897/zookeys.219.3597. 


  • Rein, Jan Ove (2008a): The Scorpion Files - Euscorpius tergestinus. Retrieved 2008-JUN-25.
  • Rein, Jan Ove (2008b): The Scorpion Files - Euscorpiidae. Retrieved 2008-JUN-25.
  • Rein, Jan Ove (2008c): The Scorpion Files - Key to the species of Euscorpius. Retrieved 2008-JUN-25.
  • Teruel, Rolando & Fet, Victor (eds.) (2005): Synopsis of the described scorpions of the world - Family Euscorpiidae. Version of 3/7/2005. Retrieved 2008-JUN-25.

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