Ship building and repair|
Metal casting and forging
Railway rolling stock, other vehicles
Euskalduna de Construcción y Reparación de Buques de Bilbao (shortened to Euskalduna) was an engineering company specialising in ship construction, later rail and road vehicles. The company was based in Bilbao, Spain and operated from 1900 until closure in 1984.
The site of the yard is now used for the Euskalduna Conference Centre and Concert Hall, as well as the Ria de Bilbao Maritime Museum (Bilbao Maritime Museum).
The company was founded in 1900, promoted by shipping merchants Ramón de la Sota y Llano and Eduardo Aznar y de la Sota. 10,000 shares were issued to a value of 4 million pesetas; the new company took over the facilities of the Sociedad de los Diques Secos de Bilbao (Dry Dock company of Bilbao) through the offer of 2,000 shares plus two permanent seats on the Board of Directors. The company expanded through acquisition up to World War I acquiring Talleres de Troca (Workshops of Troca), a forging and casting company. In 1914 the company employed 950 people.
World War I brought increased demand; the company was able to expand during the period, and eventually had facilities for ships of 12,000 tonnes. Post war demand fell despite increasing protectionism; the company diversified into manufacture of rolling stock - including wagons, steam locomotives, and trams), the company also began to manufacture rolling mill equipment, as well as road vehicles such as buses. By 1920 the company employed over 3700 people.
Employment numbers had dropped to around 1500 by 1935; during the Spanish Civil War the factories output was militarised, afterwards the company received state backing. in 1956 it acquired SA Juliana Constructora Gijonesa, in 1967 it formed part of the conglomerate Astilleros Españoles SA (Spanish Shipyards), merging with La Naval which had itself taken over the Astilleros Celaya in 1965. Euskalduna contributed 50% of the capital of the new enterprise. The new company was the largest merchant shipping construction company in Spain, and one of the largest in Europe.
As a negative result of the effects of the 1973 oil crisis the company began to record losses, the company also faced increased competition from east Asia (Korea and Japan), as well as the reduction or loss of state aid due to entry to the EU in 1986; state restructuring resulted in the closure of the yard in 1987, to much opposition, and with 1297 job losses as a result.
- Lourdes Odriozola Oyarbide (2011), "La Compañía Euskalduna de Construcción y Reparación de Buques", www.euskomedia.org (in Spanish)
- Jesús Mª Valdaliso, "La construcción de buques en Vizcaya en los siglos XIX y XX", www.euskonews.com (in Spanish)
- "Bilbao Maritime Museum", www.museomaritimobilbao.org (in English, Spanish, and Basque)
- "UNO DE LOS BUQUES INSIGNIA DE LA TRANSFORMACIÓN DE BILBAO" (PDF), www.euskalduna.net (in Spanish), Euskalduna Conference Centre and Concert Hall
- Jesús Mª Valdaliso (1998), "Nacimiento y desarrollo de la industria naval del hierro y el acero en el País Vasco: el caso de Vizcaya (c.1889-1979)" (PDF), Itsas Memoria. Revista de Estudios Marítimos del País Vasco : Nº 2. La construcción naval en el País Vasco (in Spanish), pp. 307–325
- Ibáñez Ortega, Norberto (2012), "Las empresas de construcción de material ferroviario en el País Vasco (1920-1936): implantación, desarrollos e innovación", Vasconia (in Spanish), 38: 761–782, BIBLID [1136-6834 (2012), 38; 761-782]
- "Euskalduna", www.ferropedia.es (in Spanish), Ferropedia