Eusko Gudariak (originally spelt Euzko Gudariak, "Basque Soldiers") was the republican anthem of the Eusko Gudarostea, the army of the Basque Autonomous Government during the Spanish Civil War. The song used to refer to the defense of the Basque country within the Republic of Spain against the nationalist Spain army.
The music is a traditional Basque tune from Araba, named Atzo Bilbon nengoan. The lyrics were composed in 1932 by José María de Gárate, an officer of the EAJ-PNV. During the war, Captain Alejandro Lizaso Eizmendi added some verses.
- 1 Irrintzi, literally "neigh", is a high-pitched scream used in celebrations and to call others at long distances.
- Juan Paredes allegedly sang Eusko Gudariak before being executed. Execution of 5 terrorists in Spain sparks protests throughout Europe, Chicago Tribune, page 2, 28 September 1975
- «Euzko gudariak», Auñamendi Basque Encyclopaedia.
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- Canciones republicanas de la Guerra Civil Española. Lyrics with Spanish translation.