Eustace Jotham

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Eustace Jotham
Jotham card.jpg
Jotham as pictured on a cigarette card
Born (1883-11-28)28 November 1883
Kidderminster, Worcestershire
Died 7 January 1915(1915-01-07) (aged 31)
Tochi Valley, North West Frontier
Buried at Miranshah Cemetery, North Waziristan
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch British Raj Red Ensign.svg British Indian Army
Years of service 1903–1915 
Rank Captain
Unit
Battles/wars World War I
Awards Victoria Cross

Eustace Jotham VC (28 November 1883 – 7 January 1915) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Early life and career[edit]

Born in Kidderminster 28 November 1883, Jotham attended Lucton School in Herefordshire for five years and at the age of 16, in 1899, he transferred to Bromsgrove School. In 1901, at the age of 18, he left to attend the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. He was commissioned into the Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire) Regiment as a second lieutenant on 22 April 1903[1] and joined the 2nd battalion, embarking for a tour of duty in India.

In 1903 Jotham sailed to India with the North Staffords and served with them until 1905. Under the Indian Army regulations for admission paragraph 13[2] British army officers could transfer to the Indian army. Jotham transferred to the Indian Army on 23 June 1905 (backdated to his commissioning date in 1903),[3] and promoted to lieutenant in the 102nd Prince of Wales's Own Grenadiers on 22 July 1905.[3] In October 1906 he transferred to the 51st Sikhs and is listed in the records as a 'double company officer'.[4] He was promoted captain on 22 April 1912.[5]

In 1913 he returned to England for what would be his last period of home leave. Just before he returned to India he was a passenger on a train involved in the accident at Ais Gill and participated in rescue operations. He appeared as a witness at the inquiry held immediately after the accident.[6]

On his return to India he was attached to the North Waziristan Militia during 1914–1915 and it was during this attachment on operations in the Tochi Valley area of the North West Frontier that he was killed in action on 7 January 1915. His bravery during these operations earned him a posthumous Victoria Cross.

Citation[edit]

For most conspicuous bravery on 7th January, 1915, at Spina Khaisora (Tochi Valley). During operations against the Khostwal tribesmen, Captain Jotham, who was commanding a party of about a dozen of the North Waziristan Militia, was attacked in a nullah and almost surrounded by an overwhelming force of some 1,500 tribesmen. He gave the order to retire, and could have himself escaped, but most gallantly sacrificed his own life by attempting to effect the rescue of one of his men who had lost his horse.

—The London Gazette, 23 July 1915[7]

Burial and memorials[edit]

He was buried in the Miranshah Cemetery, North Waziristan, and is commemorated on the Delhi Memorial (India Gate).[8]

On 7 January 2015, the 100th anniversary of his death, a memorial paving stone to Jotham was unveiled at St Mary's and All Saints Church in his home town of Kidderminster.[9] Jotham's Victoria Cross is held at Bromsgrove School.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27545. p. 2530. 21 April 1903. Retrieved 2008-08-04.
  2. ^ The India List and India Office List 1905. London: India Office. 1905. pp. 221–222. Retrieved 28 May 2009. 
  3. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 27864. p. 9011. 15 December 1905. Retrieved 4 August 2008.
  4. ^ January 1908 Indian Army List
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28611. p. 3797. 24 May 1912. Retrieved 4 August 2008.
  6. ^ Major J.W. Pringle (10 October 1913). Report by Major J.W. Pringle R.E on the fatal collision that occurred on the 2nd September, 1913, between two passenger trains near Ais Gill, on the Midland Railway (PDF) (Report). p. 41. 
  7. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 29240. p. 7279. 23 July 1915. Retrieved 26 November 2007.
  8. ^ "Commonwealth War Graves Commission — casualty details". CWGC. Retrieved 26 November 2007. 
  9. ^ "Kidderminster VC memorial to Capt Eustace Jotham unveiled". BBC News. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2015. 
  10. ^ "VC568 Eustace Jotham". Memorials to Valour. Retrieved 14 April 2015. 

External links[edit]