Eutelsat

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Eutelsat S.A.
Public
Traded as EuronextETL
Industry Satellite communication
Founded 1977
Headquarters Paris, France
Key people
Rodolphe Belmer (CEO)
Website www.eutelsat.com

Eutelsat S.A. is a French-based satellite provider. Providing coverage over the entire European continent, as well as the Middle East, Africa, India and significant parts of Asia and the Americas, it is one of the world's three leading satellite operators in terms of revenues.[citation needed]

Eutelsat's satellites are used for broadcasting 6,000 television stations, of which 600 are in HD, and 1100 radio stations to over 274 million cable and satellite homes. They also serve requirements for TV contribution services, corporate networks, mobile communications, Internet backbone connectivity and broadband access for terrestrial, maritime and in-flight applications. Eutelsat is headquartered in Paris. Eutelsat Communications Chief Executive Officer is currently Rodolphe Belmer.[1]

Its main craft have traditionally operated from four positions, each separated by three degrees at Geostationary orbit; 7, 10, 13 and 16°E; although more positions are now operated.

In December 2015, the company announced a partnership[2] with Facebook to launch an internet satellite in Africa by 2016. Facebook leased all the comany's Amos-6 satellite’s high-throughput Ka-band capacity.[3]

History[edit]

European Telecommunications Satellite Organization membership

The European Telecommunications Satellite Organization (Eutelsat) was originally set up in 1977 as an intergovernmental organisation (IGO) to develop and operate a satellite-based telecommunications infrastructure for Europe. In 1982 Eutelsat decided to start operations of its first TV-channel (Sky Channel or Sky 1) on the Orbital Test Satellite (OTS) in cooperation with ESA (The European Space Agency). This was the first satellite based direct-to-home TV-channel launched in Europe. In 1983 Eutelsat launched its first satellite to be used for telecommunications and TV distribution

Initially established to address satellite telecommunications demand in Western Europe, Eutelsat rapidly developed its infrastructure to expand coverage to additional services (i.e. TV) and markets, such as Central and Eastern Europe in 1989, and the Middle East, the African continent, and large parts of Asia and the Americas from the 1990s.

Eutelsat was the first satellite operator in Europe to broadcast television channels direct-to-home. It developed its premium neighbourhood of five Hot Bird satellites in the mid-1990s to offer capacity that would be able to attract hundreds of channels to the same orbital location, appealing to widespread audiences for consumer satellite TV.

With the general liberalisation of the telecommunications sector in Europe, the IGO’s operations and activities were transferred to a private company called Eutelsat S.A. in July 2001.

In April 2005, the principal shareholders of Eutelsat S.A. grouped their investment in a new entity (Eutelsat Communications), which is now the holding company of the Group owning 95.2% of Eutelsat S.A. on October 6, 2005. Currently it owns 96.0% of Eutelsat S.A.[4]

On July 31, 2013, Eutelsat Communications announced the 100% acquisition of Satélites Mexicanos, S.A. de C.V. (“Satmex”) for $831 million in cash plus assumption of $311 million in Satmex debt, pending government and regulatory approvals.[5] The transaction was finalized on January 2, 2014. Based in Mexico, Satmex operates three satellites at contiguous positions, 113° West (Satmex 6), 114.9° West (Satmex 5) and 116.8° West (Satmex 8) that cover 90% of the population of the Americas.

Services[edit]

1/10 scale mockup of a Eutelsat W3 satellite, a Spacebus 4000C3 Image does NOT show W3B (for comparison actual W3B Photo)
Video Applications Professional Data Networks Broadband Services
Direct broadcasting of TV and radio Private networks IP backbone connectivity
Cable distribution Data broadcasting Virtual Private Networks
Satellite newsgathering Business TV, videoconferencing Broadband Internet access on ground, at sea, in-flight
Programme exchanges Mobile services (messaging, positioning) Multicasting and IP content distribution

Satellites[edit]

Eutelsat commercializes capacity on 40 satellites located in geosynchronous orbit between 116 degrees West and 172 degrees East.

On 1 March 2012, Eutelsat changed the names of its satellites. The group's satellites mostly take the Eutelsat name, with the relevant figure for their orbital position and a letter indicating their order of arrival at that position.

On 21 May 2014, Eutelsat Americas (formerly Satmex) aligned its satellite names with the Eutelsat brand.[6]

Satellite COSPAR id Location Regions served Launch Comments
Eutelsat 3B 2014-030A 3°E Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, Brazil 2014/05/26 Entered service in July[7]
Eutelsat 5 West A 2002-035A 5°W Europe, Americas, Africa 2002/07/05 Formerly named Atlantic Bird 3 until March 2012, was also called Stellat 5
Eutelsat 7A 2004-008A 7°E Europe, Middle East, Africa 2004/03/16 Formerly named Eutelsat W3A until March 2012
Eutelsat 7B 2013-022A 7°E Europe, Middle East, Africa 2013/05/14
Eutelsat 7 West A 2011-051A 7°W Middle East, North Africa 2011/09/24 Formerly named Atlantic Bird 7 until March 2012
Eutelsat 8 West A 2001-042A 8°W Europe, Middle East, Americas 2001/09/25 Formerly named Atlantic Bird 2 until March 2012
Eutelsat 8 West B 2015-039A 8°W Africa, Middle East August 2015
Eutelsat 8 West C [8] 2002-038A 8°W Europe, North Africa, Middle East 2002/08/21 Formerly named Hot Bird 6 until March 2012
Eutelsat KA-SAT [9][10] 2010-069A 9°E Europe 2010/12/26
Eutelsat 9B[11][12] 2016-005A 9°E Europe, North Africa, Middle East 2016/1/30
Eutelsat 10A 2009-016A 10°E Europe, Africa, Middle East 2009/04/03 Formerly named Eutelsat W2A until March 2012; S-band payload not yet entered into service due to an anomaly.[13][14][15] Solaris Mobile filed the insurance claim and should be able to offer some, but not all of the services it was planning to offer.[16][17][18]
Eutelsat 12 West A 2002-040A 12.5°W Europe, Middle East, Americas 2002/08/28 Formerly named Atlantic Bird 1 until March 2012
Eutelsat Hot Bird 13B [19] 2001-011A 13°E Europe, North Africa, Middle East 2006/08/05 Formerly named Hot Bird 8 until March 2012
Eutelsat Hot Bird 13C 2008-065D 13°E Europe, Africa, Middle East 2008/12/20 Formerly named Hot Bird 9 until March 2012
Eutelsat 13E [20] 2006-007B 13°E Europe, North Africa, Middle East 2006/03/11 Formerly named Eurobird 9A until March 2012; former Hot Bird 7A satellite / Eutelsat 9A
Eutelsat 16A 2011-057A 16°E Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, Indian Ocean Islands 2011/10/07 Formerly named Eutelsat W3C until March 2012
Eutelsat 16C 2000-019A 16°E Europe, North Africa, Middle East, Asia 2000/04/18 Formerly named SESAT 1 until March 2012; operating in inclined orbit
Eutelsat 21B 2012-062B 21.5°E Europe, Middle East, North Africa, West Africa, Central Asia 2012/11/10 Fully operational since 2012-12-19.[21]
Eutelsat 25B 2013-044A 25.5°E North Africa, Middle East, Central Asia 2013
Eutelsat 31A 2003-043A 31°E Europe 2003/09/27 Formerly named Eurobird and Eutelsat 33A
Eutelsat 33C [22] 2001-011A 33°E Europe 2001/03/08 Satellite is currently being redeployed at 33 degrees East where it will be co-located with EUTELSAT 33B. Formerly named Eurobird 1 until March 2012 and Eutelsat 28A until July 2015
Eutelsat 33E 2009-008B 33°E Europe, South-West Asia 2009/02/12 Formerly Hot Bird 10 and Atlantic Bird 4A [23]
Eutelsat 36A 2000-028A 36°E Africa, Russia 2000/05/24 Formerly named Eutelsat W4 until March 2012
Eutelsat 36B 2009-065A 36°E Europe, Africa, Middle East, Russia 2009/11/24 Formerly named Eutelsat W7 until March 2012
Eutelsat 36C 2015-082A 36°E Russia, Africa 2015
Eutelsat 48A 1996-067A 48°E Central Europe, Middle East, Central Asia 1996/11/21 Formerly named Eutelsat W48 until March 2012; former Hot Bird 2 and Eurobird 9 satellite; operating in inclined orbit
Eutelsat 48D 2008-065B 48°E Afghanistan, Central Asia 2008/12/20 Co-branded AFGHANSAT 1. Formerly named Eutelsat 28B until January 2014, Eutelsat 48B until August 2012, W2M until March 2012[24]
Eutelsat 65 West A 2016-014A 65°W Americas 2016/03/09
Eutelsat 70B 2012-069A 70.5°E Europe, Middle East, Africa, Central Asia, South East Asia, Australia 2012/12/03
Eutelsat 113 West A 2006-020A 113°W Americas 2006 Formerly Satmex 6 until May 2014
Eutelsat 115 West A 1998-070A 114.8°W Americas 1998 Formerly Satmex 5 until May 2014
Eutelsat 115 West B 2015-010B 114.9°W Americas 2015/03/02
Eutelsat 117 West A 2013-012A 116.8°W Americas 2013 Formerly Satmex 8 until May 2014
Eutelsat 172A 2005-052A 172°E Asia-Pacific 2005/12/29 Formerly the GE-23 satellite
Eutelsat 117 West B[25] 2016-038B 116.8°W Americas 2016/06/15 Formerly Satmex 9

Rented capacity[edit]

Satellite Location Regions served Launch
EUTELSAT 28E 28.2°E Europe 2013/09/29
EUTELSAT 28F 28.2°E Europe 2012/09/28
EUTELSAT 28G 28.2°E Europe 2014/12/27
Express AT1 56°E Europe, Asia 2014/03/16
Express AT2 140°E Europe, Asia 2014/03/16
SESAT 2 15°W Europe, Americas 1999/19/10
Telstar 12 53°E Europe, North Africa, Middle East, Asia 2003/12/29

Former satellites[edit]

Satellite COSPAR id Primary position Launched Inclined Retired Lost Comments
Eutelsat 1F1 1983-058A 13°E 1983 1989 1996 N/A
Eutelsat 1F2 1984-081A 7°E 1984 1990 1993 N/A
Eutelsat 1F4 1987-078B 7/13°E 1987 1993 2002 N/A
Eutelsat 1F5 1988-063B 10°E 1988 1994 2000 N/A
Eutelsat 2F1 1990-079B 13°E 1990 1999 2003 N/A
Eutelsat 2F2 1991-003B 10°E 1991 2000 2005 N/A
Eutelsat 2F3 1991-083A 16°E 1991 2000 2004 N/A
Eutelsat 2F4 1992-041B 7°E 1992 2001 2003 N/A
Hot Bird 1 1995-016B 13°E 1995 2006 2007 2012
Eutelsat W2 1998-056A 16°E 1998 N/A 2010 N/A
Eutelsat W3B [26] 2010-056A 16°E 2010 N/A 2010 N/A
Eutelsat W75 1997-049A 4°E 1997 N/A 2011 N/A Former Hot Bird 3 and Eurobird 4 satellite
Eurobird 4A 2000-052A 4°E 2000 N/A 2012 N/A Former Eutelsat W1 satellite
Eutelsat 4B 1998-057A 4°E 1998 2014 Formerly named Eurobird 2 until March 2012, now at 4E and called Eutelsat 4B
Eutelsat 16B 1998-013A 16°E 1998 2015 N/A Formerly named Eurobird 16 until March 2012; former Atlantic Bird 4 and Hot Bird 4 satellite
Eutelsat 33B 2002-051A 33°E 2002 2015 Formerly named Eutelsat W5 until March 2012; lost one of two solar panels June 16, 2008[27] Now at 25E and called Eutelsat 25C

Bibliography[edit]

  • (French) (English) Guy Lebègue, (trad. Robert J. Amral), « Eutelsat II: OK For West-to-East Service! », in Revue aerospatiale, n°73, November 1990.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Communications Executive Committee". Eutelsat.com. 2009-07-01. Retrieved 2016-02-09. 
  2. ^ "Facebook plans satellite 'in 2016'". 
  3. ^ "Spacecom borrows AsiaSat-8 to cover for Amos-6 satellite lost in Falcon 9 explosion". 
  4. ^ (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20110726052534/http://www.eutelsat.com/investors/pdf/ETL-consolidated-financial-statements-300609.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 26, 2011. Retrieved August 29, 2009.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ de Selding, Peter B. (1 August 2013). "Eutelsat's Satmex Acquisition Expands Satellite Fleet Operator's Global Reach". Space News. 
  6. ^ "Eutelsat Americas aligns satellite". Archived from the original on May 22, 2014. Retrieved February 5, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Eutelsat 3b satellite fully fire". Archived from the original on August 10, 2014. Retrieved May 27, 2014. 
  8. ^ "NASA Spacecraft Details for NSSDC ID: 2002-038A". NASA. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  9. ^ de Selding, Peter B. "Russian Rocket Launches Communications Satellite". space.com. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  10. ^ Jonathan Amos (26 December 2010). "Ka-Sat net-dedicated spacecraft lifts off". BBC News. 
  11. ^ "Proton-M wyniósł na orbitę satelitę Eutelsat 9B - Altair Agencja Lotnicza". Altair.com.pl. Retrieved 2016-02-09. 
  12. ^ "Nowy satelita Eutelsat trafi na orbitę w styczniu | DEFENCE24". Defence24.pl. Retrieved 2016-02-09. 
  13. ^ "SES - Global Satellite Services Provider - Your Satellite Company". SES.com. 2016-02-04. Retrieved 2016-02-09. 
  14. ^ "Press releases - SES.com". Ses-astra.com. Retrieved 2016-02-09. 
  15. ^ "Welcome to EchoStar Mobile Online » EchoStar Mobile" (PDF). Solarismobile.com. Retrieved 2016-02-09. 
  16. ^ "SES - Global Satellite Services Provider - Your Satellite Company". SES.com. 2016-02-04. Retrieved 2016-02-09. 
  17. ^ "Press releases - SES.com". Ses-astra.com. Retrieved 2016-02-09. 
  18. ^ "Welcome to EchoStar Mobile Online » EchoStar Mobile" (PDF). Solarismobile.com. Retrieved 2016-02-09. 
  19. ^ "NASA Spacecraft Details for NSSDC ID: 2001-011A". NASA. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  20. ^ "NASA Spacecraft Details for NSSDC ID: 2006-007B". NASA. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  21. ^ Paoli-Lebailly, Pascale. "Eutelsat 21B satellite in full commercial service". Rapid TV News. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  22. ^ "NASA Spacecraft Details for NSSDC ID: 2006-032A". NASA. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  23. ^ "Hot Bird 8, 9, 10 → Eutelsat Hot Bird 13B, 13C, 13D / Atlantic Bird 4A / Eutelsat 3C / Eutelat Hotbird 13D". Space.skyrocket.de. 2008-12-20. Retrieved 2016-02-09. 
  24. ^ Julian Clover. "In orbit failure for Eutelsat W2 replacement". Broadbandtvnews.com. Retrieved 2016-02-09. 
  25. ^ Mission events timeline for Falcon 9’s launch for ABS and Eutelsat Spaceflight Now Retrieved 15 June 2016.
  26. ^ "Ariane Launch Report | Eutelsat declares craft total loss after propellant leak". Spaceflightnow.com. Retrieved 2016-02-09. 
  27. ^ "Thales Alenia Space statement concerning Eutelsat W5". Thales. 2008-09-03. 

External links[edit]