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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Euthenia (/jˈθniə/;[1] Greek: Ευσθένεια, Eustheneia) was the ancient Greek female spirit of prosperity. Her opposite was Penia[citation needed] and her sisters entailed Eucleia, Philophrosyne, and Eupheme. Along with her siblings, she was regarded as a member of the younger Charites.[2] According to the Orphic fragments, her parents were Hephaestus and Aglaea.[3]

Euthenia depicted in a garden.

She is also a part of the Egyptian and Roman pantheon. During Ptolemaic times, she became the consort of Nilus.[4] Her first appearance on Egyptian coins date back to the last decade of BC.[5]

On Roman coins, Euthenia is often compared to Abundantia, the personification of abundance and prosperity, and Annona, the personification of the grain supply to Rome.[6]


  1. ^ "Eu Beauty!". British Baby Names.
  2. ^ Atsma, Aaron J. (2017). "EUKLEIA". Theoi Project.
  3. ^ Orphic fr. 182 Kern, p. 213 (English translation).
  4. ^ "Curtis Chapter I". www.coinsofromanegypt.org. Retrieved 2020-04-07.
  5. ^ Kákosy, László (1982). "The Nile, Euthenia, and the Nymphs". The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology. 68: 290–298. doi:10.2307/3821647. ISSN 0307-5133. JSTOR 3821647.
  6. ^ "Euthenia and Demeter - Elagabalus". sites.google.com. Retrieved 2020-04-07.