Euxton

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Euxton
Euxton - geograph.org.uk - 1536068.jpg
Euxton lies along the A49 and the A581 roads between Chorley and Leyland.
Euxton is located in Lancashire
Euxton
Euxton
Euxton shown within Lancashire
Population 9,993 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SD555186
Civil parish
  • Euxton
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CHORLEY
Postcode district PR6,PR7
Dialling code 01257
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
53°39′43″N 2°40′26″W / 53.662°N 2.674°W / 53.662; -2.674Coordinates: 53°39′43″N 2°40′26″W / 53.662°N 2.674°W / 53.662; -2.674

Euxton (/ˈɛkstən/ EX-tən) is a village and civil parish of the Borough of Chorley, in Lancashire, England. The population of the civil parish as taken at the 2011 census was 9,993.[1] The village is situated just to the south of Chorley, and to the west of Clayton-le-Woods.

Euxton is around 2.5 miles from East to West and 2 miles North to South. The village is made up of several areas including Runshaw Moor, Balshaw, Shaw Green, Daisy Hill, Buckshaw, Pincock, Primrose Hill, Glead Hill, Dawbers, Spout Hillock and Packsaddle.

History[edit]

Euxton's original village settlement in Pincock was based near the ford over the River Yarrow, along the route of the old Roman road Watling Street – now the A49 road – that runs through the length of the village, from Pincock to Packsaddle.

Demonstrating its significance, Euxton had a market charter granted in 1301 by Edward I and whilst the area was called Euxton, the township was called Euxtonburgh.[2]

Euxton Hall

The manorial seat was Euxton Hall owned first by the Molyneux family and later by the Anderton family. A new manor house is said to have been built in the early 16th century by Hugh Anderton (1466-1516/17). It's likely that the manor would have been located closer to the parish church. A new hall was built by William Anderton (c.1708-44) in 1769 and rebuilt on the same site but on a grander scale in 1850. Euxton Hall is now a private hospital and is made up of the lower ground floor of hall as the upper floor was demolished following a fire.[3]

Charles II lodged at Euxton Hall in 1651 when on his way south to Worcester,[4] he is said to have drank water from the stream at the edge of Euxton describing it as "Cul Beck" or cool brook giving it its name, from whence the area takes it name.[5]

The hall had three lodge houses, one at the bottom of Chapel Brow, one at main gates of Euxton Park on Wigan Road and one on Dawber's Lane which is now much extended and known as Dower House. The centre of the village later moved from the old ford to be closer to Euxton Hall and its chapel (now Euxton Parish Church).

Euxton Parish Church (geograph 4403183)
Buckshaw Hall

Whilst the oldest extant building is believed to be the Parish Church and although Euxton Hall is likely to be older in places, dating back to 1662, Armetriding Farm is believed to be the oldest dwelling house.[6] However one of the most significant buildings is Buckshaw Hall, an H-plan two-storey timber framed property on a sandstone base, with both brick and wattle and daub infilling and a slate roof.

Euxton Hall

Euxton Hall Chapel was designed by architect E. W. Pugin (1834–1875),[7] and built in 1866 as a private chapel for the Anderton family who lived in Euxton Hall.

Early Industry[edit]

Euxton Hall, which was a significant stately residence, now acts as a private hospital and is half its former glory, with the second storey being removed in the latter half of the nineteenth century along with its grand colonnade. Euxton Hall's 19th Century gatehouses can be seen at the bottom of Chapel Brow, near the parish church whilst the other gatehouse can be seen at the entrance of Euxton Hall Gardens. Earlier Gateouses were previously located on Dawbers Lane and Runshaw Lane. Balshaw Lodge, which has recently been redeveloped, was originally built as guest lodgings for the hall.

There was a large Royal Ordnance Factory (ROF Chorley) built here in the buildup to World War II (Nevell et al., 1999). At its peak the factory employed over 40,000 people, and had its own railway station. It was probably the biggest munitions filling factory in the world, and it is said that the bouncing bombs used in the Dambusters Raid were made there. ROF Chorley later came under the ownership of British Aerospace, and in subsequent years was closed down with the land being sold. In the early 2000s the former ROF Chorley site was effectively flattened and sanitised, so that the land could be transformed into the new Buckshaw Village.

Modern Industry[edit]

Plans by Tarmac to operate a sand quarry near the village were approved in August 2008 by a planning inspector. The quarry, to be located between Runshaw Lane and Dawbers Lane, had been proposed for ten years and is opposed by the village council, and by local residents, some of whom set up an action group, Euxton Residents Against Sand Extraction (ERASE), due to its impact on health, traffic and environment locally. The quarry has permission to operate for 15 years.[8]

Euxton is home to three listed railway bridges, Pincock Bridge, Old Station Bridge (Wigan Road) and Bay Horse Brow (Euxton Lane). There is also a bridge on School Lane.

Estates and Public Houses[edit]

The village also has seven public houses; The Talbot, The Euxton Mills, The Railway at Euxton, The Bay Horse, The Traveller's Rest, The Plough and The War Horse (in the Buckshaw part of Euxton).

Euxton Mills - geograph.org.uk - 1536029

Euxton has several large housing estates, particularly in the eastern half of the village built in the late 1960s by Trevor Hemmings. The Talbot Estate lies to the East of Euxton and the Greenside Estate to the North on Runshaw Lane.

East Euxton comprises two estates built in the 1960s, it is known locally as Talbot Row due to its proximity of The Talbot Public House on the A581

Newer housing estates include Wentworth Drive to the North East of the village and Church Walk and Park Avenue to the West.

Transport[edit]

Euxton has two railway stations. It's connected to Liverpool and Preston via the West Coast Main Line at the Euxton Balshaw Lane railway station and to Chorley and Manchester via Buckshaw Parkway railway station.

In 1997, Euxton Balshaw Lane railway station was re-opened after a gap of some 30 years. It is on the Preston - Wigan West Coast Main Line. The nearby station, Buckshaw Parkway was opened in 2011 to serve the new Buckshaw Village development, and is on the Preston - Manchester line.

In addition Stagecoach Merseyside & South Lancashire operate the Route 109 through the village to provide a connection to Chorley, Leyland, Clayton-le-Woods and Preston. The Route 10, 11, 12 and 16 also ran through Euxton until 2012. Stagecoach also planned to extend the Route 111 to Chorley via Euxton, however these plans were abandoned after Lancashire County Council removed funding. The Route 109/A passes through the North of Euxton past Runshaw College.

Homeswood operate the Route 347 to Southport bi-hourly on weekdays.

Sport[edit]

The former ROF Chorley sports ground was used by English Championship football team Bolton Wanderers F.C. as its training headquarters. On 19 February 2016, the training facility was sold by Bolton Wanderers to Wigan Athletic.

The village is also home to Euxton Corinthians FC, Euxton Villa FC, Euxton Girls FC and Euxton Cricket Club. Euxton Villa FC have a training ground on Runshaw Lane.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 16 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "A brief history of Euxton". Euxton Parish Council. 
  3. ^ "Euxton Hall Grade II Listing". British Listed Buildings. 
  4. ^ "Townships: Euxton". British History. 
  5. ^ "Euxton". Ancestry.com. 
  6. ^ "History of Euxton". Euxton.com. 
  7. ^ Hyland, GW. "EW Pugin Gazetteer". Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  8. ^ Marshall, Tyrone (2008-08-15). "Tarmac wins Euxton quarry appeal". Lancashire Telegraph. Newsquest Media Group. Retrieved 2008-08-23. 

References[edit]

  • Nevell, M., Roberts, J. and Smith, J. (1999) A History of Royal Ordnance Factory, Chorley, Lancaster : Carnegie Publishing, ISBN 1-85936-063-7

External links[edit]