This article may be unbalanced towards certain viewpoints. (September 2017)
February 19, 1973 |
Hampton, Virginia, United States
|Alma mater||Sarah Lawrence College, City University of New York School of Law|
|Spouse(s)||Gustavo Moncada (divorced)|
Eva Golinger (born Eve Winifred Golinger; February 19, 1973) is an American-born attorney and naturalized Venezuelan citizen who practices law in New York and specializes in immigration and international law.
Golinger is the author of several books on Venezuela's relationship with the United States. She was a confidante of the former socialist president of Venezuela, the late Hugo Chávez. As of May 2011 she served as a foreign policy and legal advisor to the Venezuelan government. Chávez has called her La novia de Venezuela ("The Girlfriend of Venezuela"). According to the National Catholic Reporter in 2004 Golinger was "head of the pro-Chávez Venezuela Solidarity Committee in New York". Her website, venezuelafoia.info, aimed to shed light on what she calls links between U.S. government agencies and Venezuelan organizations by publishing documents obtained using the U.S. Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).
Golinger was born in Langley Airforce Base, Virginia on 19 February 1973 to Ronald Golinger, a US Air Force psychiatrist, and Elizabeth Calderon, an attorney. At a young age, Golinger was introduced to progressive causes, with her mother Elizabeth bringing her to marches for women's rights.
Education and works
In 1994, Golinger graduated from Sarah Lawrence College studying liberal arts and then moved to Mérida to learn more of her great-grandfather that was killed under the rule of Juan Vicente Gomez and to explore her Venezuelan roots. While residing in Mérida, Golinger experienced a struggling Venezuela, with Hugo Chávez still in jail after he committed the 1992 Venezuelan coup d'état attempts and students in her city protesting against government austerity, though she also taught English and sang in a band, with Golinger describing Venezuela as "an adventure" and that she "fell in love with the country". In 1998, Golinger then returned to New York with the band's guitarist as her husband and completed her Juris Doctorate (JD) in international human rights law in 2003 at City University of New York School of Law. Golinger then began to develop an interest in what she says is the role of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in regime change around the world.
Chávez and Venezuela activism
Following the 2002 Venezuelan coup d'état attempt, Golinger grew concerned about the United States' knowledge that a coup was possible and gave the information to pro-Chávez organizations with the research taking much of her time. She divorced her husband as she became more involved with political and human rights activism. In early 2004, going into the 2004 Venezuela recall elections, Golinger found what she said was evidence that the United States was funding opposition groups. Golinger traveled to Venezuela to show Chávez her work and became a naturalized Venezuelan citizen shortly after. She then began writing publications about how the United States was supposedly against Chávez since they wanted oil and since he was "an ideological challenger".
The New York Times described Golinger's website, Venezuelafoia.info as "pro-Chavez" and noted in 2004 that she uncovered " ... documents [that] form part of an offensive by pro-Chávez activists who aim to show that the United States has, at least tacitly, supported the opposition's unconstitutional efforts to remove the president. Golinger ... obtained reams of documents from the National Endowment for Democracy, a nonprofit agency financed by the United States government, that show that $2.2 million was spent from 2000 to 2003 to train or finance anti-Chávez parties and organizations." According to The New York Times, "The documents do not show that the United States backed the coup, as Mr. Chávez has charged. Instead, the documents show that American officials issued 'repeated warnings that the United States will not support any extraconstitutional moves to oust Chávez.'" However, the documents also showed that American officials knew a coup attempt was brewing.
Golinger was then very close to the Chávez Presidency, to the extent that she even accompanied diplomatic envoys with the late Chávez to Iran, Libya, and Syria. Golinger traveled extensively with President Chávez on foreign trips, including a seven-country tour in 2010. She dined with Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and gave him a copy of her book describing him as "gentle" at their meeting. "Chávez presented me as his defender to Ahmadinejad", she told the New York Times.
Golinger is the author of several books on Venezuela's relationship with the United States, based on research using the U.S. Freedom of Information Act on what she describes as links between U.S. government agencies and Venezuelan organizations, particularly in relation to the 2002 Venezuelan coup d'état attempt. Her books are published in multiple languages by different publishers in over eight countries and were both celebrated and launched at events that often included the participation of high level Venezuelan government officials.
The Chávez Code
Her first book, The Chávez Code (2006), was initially presented in Havana at the Havana International Book Fair in Santiago de Cuba; its preface was co-authored by Rogelio Polanco, Cuban Ambassador to Venezuela since August 2009. It then arrived in Venezuela. It has been published in eight languages, and was optioned for a feature film. This book was introduced by the Venezuelan Vice President Jose Vicente Rangel. In a review by Choice, the review recommended the book but cautioned readers since it was "not written by a scholar" and described the book as "almost painfully one-sided and full of knee-jerk liberal outrage" noting that it was first published in Cuba while also recognizing that it "lays bare yet another counterproductive attempt to intervene where many believe the US has no moral or legal right to do so".
La Agresión Permanente
In 2009 Golinger co-authored another book (with Jean-Guy Allard) called La Agresión Permanente ("The Permanent Aggression"), published by the Venezuelan-based publisher Perro y La Rana and the Venezuelan Ministry of Information.
- The Chavez Code: Cracking US Intervention in Venezuela, Pluto Press, 2006
- Bush Versus Chávez: Washington's War on Venezuela, Monthly Review Press, 2008
- Bush Vs. Chavez: Washington's War on Venezuela, Aakar Books, 2008,
- The Same Old Dirty Tactics - Venezuela: a Coup in Real Time (January 2015), CounterPunch
- Fact Not Fiction - US Aggression Against Venezuela (February 2015), CounterPunch
- (in Spanish) La Telaraña Imperial: Enciclopedia de Injerencia y Subversión (Empire's Web: Encyclopedia of Interventionism and Subversion), Caracas: Monte Ávila Editores, 2008
- (in Spanish) (with Jean-Guy Allard), La Agresión Permanente: USAID, NED y CIA, Caracas: Ministerio del Poder Poder Popular para la Comunicación y la Información, 2009
- (in Spanish) La Mirada del Imperio sobre el 4F: Los Documentos Desclasificados de Washington sobre la rebelión militar del 4 de febrero de 1992, Caracas: IDEA Fondo Editorial, 2009
- Romero, Simon (4 February 2011). "In Venezuela, an American Has the President's Ear". Retrieved 4 January 2015.
- Romero, Simon, (26 October 2009). "Michael Moore Irks Supporters of Chávez". New York Times
- Golinger, Eva (10 January 2010). Eva Golinger Describes Curacao as the Third Frontier of the United States. Salem-News.com. Retrieved 22 February 2010
- Jones, Bart (2 April 2004). "U.S. funds aid Chavez opposition: National Endowment for Democracy at center of dispute in Venezuela". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved 21 February 2010.
- Forero, Juan (3 December 2004). "Documents Show C.I.A. Knew of a Coup Plot in Venezuela". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 February 2010.
- International Organization for a Participatory Society. "Eva Golinger Profile on the International Organization for a Participatory Society".
- Rory, Carroll, (2014). Comandante : Hugo Chavez's Venezuela. Penguin Books: New York. pp. 196–199. ISBN 0143124889.
- (in Spanish) Allard, Jean-Guy and Eva Golinger (2009), La Agresión Permanente: USAID, NED y CIA (PDF), Caracas: Ministerio del Poder Poder Popular para la Comunicación y la Información, p5
- Golinger, Eva (18 November 2008). My new book is out! The Empire's web: encyclopedia of interventionism and subversion. Postcards from the Revolution. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
- "Eva Golinger: "Escribir me rescata de la soledad"". Archived from the original on 4 January 2015.
- "Cuba - Contra la guerra y el terrorismo mediático. Noticias, debate, opinion". Archivo.cubadebate.cu. Archived from the original on 2013-07-28. Retrieved 2012-10-29.
- Duff, E. A. (March 2007). "The Chávez code: cracking US intervention in Venezuela". 44 (7): 1239–1240.
- (in Spanish) Presentado libro "La agresión permanente" de Eva Golinger y Jean-Guy Allard en Feria del Libro de Venezuela. Archived 5 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Agencia Bolivariana de Noticias (ABN), 21 November 2009. Retrieved 23 February 2010.
- Dinneen, Mark (2009). "Bush Versus Chávez: Washington's War on Venezuela - by Golinger, Eva". Bulletin of Latin American Research. 28 (2): 287–288. doi:10.1111/j.1470-9856.2008.0298_3.x.
- Browse by Authors. "Bush Vs. Chavez: Washington's War on Venezuela". aakarbooks.com. Retrieved 2012-10-29.
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