Eva Marian Hubback

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Eva Marian Hubback (13 April 1886 – 15 July 1949) was an English feminist and an early advocate of birth control and eugenics.[1]

Early life[edit]

Eva Marian Spielmann was born on 13 April 1886, daughter of Sir Meyer Spielmann (1856-1936).[1] Sir Meyer was one of the three surviving sons of the eight children of banker Adam Spielmann (1812-1869), who had emigrated from Schokken (now Skoki), near Posen (now Poznan) with his own two brothers. Eva was therefore the niece of the civil engineer turned art-connoisseur Sir Isidore Spielmann (1854-1925) as well as the renowned art-critic Marion Spielmann (1856-1936) and his wife, the children's author Mabel Spielmann (1862-1938). Through them she was related to the great dynasties of Montagu/Samuel and of Sebag-Montefiore.

She was educated at Saint Felix School, Southwold, Suffolk and Newnham College, Cambridge, graduating in 1908 with first class honours in the Economics tripos.[2] In February 1911 she married Francis William Hubback (1884-1917). They had three children, Diana, Rachel and David, before her husband died in February 1917 of wounds received in action during World War I.[3][4] She was director of economic studies at Newnham and Girton from 1916 to 1917.[2]

Career[edit]

Hubback became involved in the women's suffrage movement, campaigning with Eleanor Rathbone.[1] From 1918 to 1927 she was Parliamentary Secretary, and later President of the National Union for Equal Citizenship, which successfully campaigned for reforms to the laws affecting the rights of women and children.[2] She became Principal of Morley College for Working Men and Women in 1927, succeeding Barbara Wootton.[5] In 1929 she joined the Eugenics Society, becoming a Fellow in 1931, member of the council in 1932 and member of the executive committee in 1934.[1] She assisted in establishing the Townswomen's Guild in 1930.[5] Eva Hubback, Shena Simon and Ernest Darwin Simon co-founded the Association for Education in Citizenship in 1933.[6] She became secretary of this association, and chairman of the Family Endowment Society.[1]

From 1946 to 1948, Hubback represented Kensington North on the London County Council, elected on the Labour Party platform. She died on 15 July 1949.[1]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Kenneth M. Lindsay, Stanley Baldwin of Bewdley (earl.), Eva M. Hubback, Ernest Darwin Simon (sir.) (1939). Education for citizenship in elementary schools: issued by the Association for education in citizenship. [Forewords by the Earl Baldwin of Bewdley and Kenneth M. Lindsay. Preface by E. D. Simon and Eva M. Hubback.] Oxford University press.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  • Ernest Darwin Simon, Eva M. Hubback (1935). Training for citizenship. Assoc. for Education in Citizenship.
  • Eva M. Hubback (1945). Population facts and policies. Pub. for British Social Hygiene Council by G. Allen & Unwin.
  • Eleanor Florence Rathbone, Eva M. Hubback (1943). Family allowances: ... with an epilogue by Lord Beveridge and a new chapter on The family allowances movement 1924-1947, by Eva M. Hubback. Allen and Unwin.
  • Eva Marian Spielman Hubback (1947). The population of Britain. Penguin Books.

Further reading[edit]

  • Diana Hopkinson (1954). Family inheritance: a life of Eva Hubback. Staples Press.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Mrs. Eva M. Hubback". The Eugenics Review. National Center for Biotechnology Information. 41 (3): 141. PMC 2974257.
  2. ^ a b c Richard Aldrich; Peter Gordon (1989). "Hubback, Eva Marion (1886-1949)". Dictionary of British educationists. Routledge. p. 124. ISBN 0-7130-0177-1.
  3. ^ https://www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/91272/hubback,-francis-william/
  4. ^ "Jane Austin". RootsWeb. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
  5. ^ a b "Hubback; Eva Marian (1886-1949); social reformer, feminist and Principal of Morley College". The Women's Library. London School of Economics. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
  6. ^ Eugenio F. Biagini (2002). Citizenship and Community: Liberals, Radicals and Collective Identities in the British Isles, 1865-1931. Cambridge University Press. p. 72. ISBN 0-521-89360-7.