Evan Bayh

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Evan Bayh
Evan Bayh official portrait.jpg
United States Senator
from Indiana
In office
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2011
Preceded by Dan Coats
Succeeded by Dan Coats
46th Governor of Indiana
In office
January 9, 1989 – January 13, 1997
Lieutenant Frank O'Bannon
Preceded by Robert Orr
Succeeded by Frank O'Bannon
56th Secretary of State of Indiana
In office
December 1, 1986 – January 9, 1989
Governor Robert Orr
Preceded by Edwin Simcox
Succeeded by Joe Hogsett
Personal details
Born Birch Evans Bayh III
(1955-12-26) December 26, 1955 (age 60)
Shirkieville, Indiana, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Susan Breshears
Children Beau
Nicholas
Education Indiana University (B.A.)
University of Virginia (J.D.)
Religion Episcopalian
Signature

Birch Evans "Evan" Bayh III (/ˈb/ BY; born December 26, 1955) is an American lawyer and Democratic politician who served as the junior U.S. Senator from Indiana from 1999 to 2011. He earlier served as the 46th Governor of Indiana from 1989 to 1997.

Bayh first held public office as the Secretary of State of Indiana, elected in 1986. He held the position for only two years before being elected Governor. He left his office after completing two terms and briefly took a job lecturing at Indiana University Bloomington, before being elected to the U.S. Senate seat once held by his father, Birch Bayh.

On February 15, 2010, Bayh unexpectedly announced he would not seek reelection to the Senate in 2010. After leaving the Senate, he was replaced by his predecessor, Dan Coats, and became a partner with the law and lobbying firm McGuireWoods in the firm's Washington, D.C., office,[1] and also became a senior adviser with Apollo Global Management. He was a part-time contributor for Fox News from March 2011 to July 2016.[2] In June 2011 he became a messaging adviser for the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.[3] On October 27, 2011, it was announced that Berry Plastics Corp. had appointed Bayh to its board of directors.[4] Bayh also serves on the board of directors of Marathon Petroleum, the 2011 spin-off from Marathon Oil.

On July 13, 2016, following the withdrawal of Democratic primary winner Baron Hill, Bayh announced that he would be running to take back his old Senate seat from retiring Republican incumbent Dan Coats.[5]

Personal life[edit]

Bayh was born in Shirkieville, Indiana, to Birch Evans Bayh, Jr., who was a U.S. Senator from 1963 until his 1981 defeat by then-Representative and future Vice President Dan Quayle, and his wife Marvella Belle (Hern). Bayh attended St. Albans School in Washington, D.C., and graduated with honors in business economics and public policy from the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University Bloomington in 1978. At Indiana, he became a member of the Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity's Indiana Beta chapter. Bayh has an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Golden Gate University School of Law in California.

He received his Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree from the University of Virginia School of Law in 1981, and clerked for a federal judge before entering private law practice in Indianapolis.

Bayh and his wife, Susan, have twin sons, born in 1995.[6] Susan Bayh serves on numerous corporate boards, including health insurance giant Anthem.[7][8]

Indiana state politics[edit]

After a debate over whether he met the state's five-year residency requirement to be on the ballot,[9] Bayh was elected Secretary of State of Indiana in 1986 and served from 1987 to 1989.

As Governor, Bayh implemented a $1.6 billion tax cut, the largest in state history

Bayh was first elected Governor of Indiana in 1988, defeating former Kokomo Mayor Steve Daily in the Democratic primary. Bayh was the first Democrat to serve as Governor of Indiana in 20 years. Bayh defeated Republican John Mutz in the general election. Bayh was re-elected governor in 1992 with 63% of the vote.[10] He defeated State Attorney General Linley E. Pearson, a Republican, to win his second term. By the end of his second term, Bayh had an approval rating of nearly 80 percent.[9]

Bayh was a vocal supporter of capital punishment.[11]

When his second term as governor ended in 1997, he accepted a lecturing position at his alma mater, the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University Bloomington.[9] From 1997 to 1998, while he was campaigning for U.S. Senate, Bayh was also hired as a partner at Indianapolis law firm Baker & Daniels. In 1998, his Baker & Daniels salary was $265,000, according to Senate financial records. Indiana University paid him an additional $51,000 that year.[12]

United States Senator from Indiana[edit]

2004 campaign logo

Bayh was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1998 to the seat that was once held by his father. He won with 64% of the vote, the largest margin ever recorded for a Democrat in a U.S. Senate race in Indiana, defeating former Fort Wayne Mayor Paul Helmke. Bayh carried all but four counties, including several that usually tilt Republican.[citation needed]

He easily won reelection in 2004, defeating Prof. Marvin Scott, receiving 62% of the vote—in the process, becoming only the fifth Indiana Democrat to be popularly elected to a second term in the Senate, and the first since his father.[citation needed]

During his Senate career, Bayh served on five Senate committees: Banking Housing and Urban Affairs, of which he was the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Security and International Trade and Finance; Armed Services; the Select Committee on Intelligence; the Special Committee on Aging; and the Small Business Committee.

Bayh released an autobiography in 2003 entitled From Father to Son: A Private Life in the Public Eye. He describes growing up as the son of Senator Birch Bayh and emphasizes the importance of active, responsible fatherhood.[citation needed]

From 2001 to 2005, Bayh served as Chairman of the Democratic Leadership Council (DLC). He is also a member of the Senate Centrist Coalition, helped establish the New Democrat Coalition, and founded the Moderate Dems Working Group.[13] Bayh also served on the Board of Directors of the National Endowment for Democracy.[14]

Bayh voted against confirming United States Attorney General John Ashcroft, Secretary of the Interior Gale Norton, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, Attorney General Alberto Gonzales, Chief Justice John Roberts and Justice Samuel Alito.[citation needed]

Bayh was an early supporter of the Bush administration's policies on Iraq.[15] On October 2, 2002, Bayh joined President George W. Bush and Congressional leaders in a Rose Garden ceremony announcing their agreement on the joint resolution authorizing the Iraq War, and was thanked by Bush and Senator John McCain for co-sponsoring the resolution.[16]

He voted yes on reauthorizing the Patriot Act in 2006.[17]

In the aftermath of the Financial crisis of 2007–2010, Bayh joined with his fellow senators in hurrying to bail out U.S. financial institutions. Addressing the launch of the No Labels political organization, he "described a scene from 2008 where Ben Bernanke warned senators that the sky would collapse if the banks weren't rescued. 'We looked at each other,' said Bayh, 'and said, okay, what do we need.'"[18]

Retirement[edit]

On February 15, 2010, Bayh announced he would not seek reelection to a third Senate term in the November 2, 2010 midterm election. Bayh's announcement came very shortly after former Senator Dan Coats declared his own candidacy for Bayh's Senate seat.[19] Because he made his announcement the day before the deadline for filing for the primary, no Democrat was able to gather a sufficient number of signatures to qualify for the primary ballot, so the state party committee chose Congressman Brad Ellsworth as the nominee.[20][21]

Committee assignments[edit]

Relationship between his Senate office and wife's corporate career[edit]

Susan Bayh, Evan Bayh's wife, has been described by the Fort Wayne Journal Gazette as a "professional board member" or "professional director", having been a director of fourteen corporations since 1994 and being a director of eight as of 2006.[22]

The Journal Gazette reported that since Susan Bayh began her career as a corporate director, “Sen. Evan Bayh [has] cast more than 3,000 votes, including some on issues of keen interest to the pharmaceutical, broadcast, insurance, food-distribution and finance industries".[22] Since 2003, Bayh prohibited his staff from having lobbying contacts with his wife or representatives of the companies she directs. Bayh has insisted his wife’s ties have had no bearing on his congressional actions. “The reality is I don’t even know the people who run the vast majority of her companies. I’ve never even spoken to them,” Bayh told the Journal Gazette. “The reality is, we don’t talk about stuff that she’s involved with.”[22]

2008 U.S. presidential election[edit]

Bayh speaks during the third night of the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado

On December 1, 2006, news sources revealed that Bayh was creating a presidential exploratory committee.[23] Bayh confirmed these reports on December 3.[24] On December 15, 2006, Bayh announced that he would not run for president in 2008. He later endorsed Hillary Clinton.[25]

During the 2008 United States Presidential campaign, Bayh stated that he would accept an offer to be Barack Obama's running mate.[26] According to a book by Obama campaign manager David Plouffe, it was a "coin toss" between Bayh and Joe Biden for Obama's pick for Vice President, with Tim Kaine being a contender before deciding to focus on the DNC chairmanship.[27]

Post Senate career[edit]

After his retirement from the U.S. Senate, it was announced that Bayh would work as a strategic adviser on policy for the corporate law firm McGuireWoods LLP and as a senior adviser to the private equity firm Apollo Global Management.

Bayh campaigned for Senator Joe Donnelly's two-day, five-city "main street tour," among other visits, and introduced Donnelly before his victory speech in Indiana's 2012 U.S. Senate election.[28][29][30]

As of the end of 2015, Bayh controlled just over $9 million in unspent campaign cash, held in an investment account. Bayh could use some or all of that money to run for office again, donate it to charity, or certain political organizations.[31][32]

2016 U.S. Senate campaign[edit]

On July 11, 2016, CNN reported that Bayh was preparing to enter the 2016 U.S. Senate election in Indiana to run for the seat being vacated by a retiring Dan Coats. Baron Hill, who won an uncontested primary to become the Democratic nominee on May 3, formally withdrew from the race on the same day to make way for Bayh's candidacy.[33] Bayh will face Republican Todd Young in the general election on November 8, 2016.[34]

Political positions[edit]

Abortion[edit]

Bayh has a 100% rating by the NARAL.[35][dead link] He ultimately voted in favor of banning dilation and extraction abortion procedures in 2003, but he did vote for substitute measures supported by Democrats. His stance on other issues relating to abortion have been mixed also.[36] He voted with mainly Democrats against Laci and Conner's Law, but voted with mainly Republicans in 2006 on legislation to notify parents on abortions performed on minors that involve crossing state lines.[36]

Agriculture[edit]

Bayh voted for the 2002 Farm Bill that provided financial support accessible to rural communities. The bill provides funds for rural water and waste infrastructure. The Farm Bill also provides technology for rural residents' technical skills.[37]

Civil rights[edit]

Bayh has a mixed but left-leaning record on civil rights, having earned a 60% by the ACLU (2002), and 89% by the HRC (2006), and a 100% by the NAACP (2006). Some of his votes include a 1998 vote where Bayh voted to continue nonquota affirmative action programs. He voted to add sexual orientation under hate crime rules in both 2000 and 2002. In 2001, he voted yes to ease wiretapping restrictions. In 2006, he voted yes on a flag-burning constitutional amendment and no on an amendment to ban same-sex marriage.[36]

Economy[edit]

In 2003, Bayh introduced legislation to further expand Small Business Administration loans to small manufacturers. The legislation was enacted into law in 2004.[citation needed]

At a speech to the Commonwealth Club of California, Bayh said:

What concerns me most about President Bush's tax and budget proposals, is that they threaten to undermine the foundation of the '90s' prosperity – replacing the "virtuous cycle" created by fiscal responsibility with a "vicious cycle" of deficits and debt, rising interest rates, and disinvestment. His proposals constitute a narrow ideological agenda, not an effective economic strategy, and completely fail to grasp the realities of the New Economy and the many requirements for economic success in the 21st Century.[38][dead link]

Education[edit]

As governor, Bayh created the 21st Century Scholars program, which promises at-risk middle school students full tuition scholarships in return for being drug, alcohol and crime-free and maintaining decent grades. Iowa and Wisconsin have both introduced legislation modeling Bayh's program.[39][40]

Energy[edit]

On September 11, 2008, Bayh joined the Gang of 20, a bipartisan group designed to promote comprehensive energy reform.[41][better source needed]

Environment[edit]

Health care[edit]

Bayh introduced the Medicare Prescription Drug Emergency Guarantee Act of 2006 to amend titles XVIII and XIX of the Social Security Act to assure uninterrupted access to necessary medicines under the Medicare prescription drug program.[42] Bayh proposed legislation he says could help cut health care insurance premiums by at least 20 percent for small businesses and individuals.[43]

Bayh also voted in favor of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in 2010 and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010. [44][45]

Israel[edit]

Speaking to 2002 luncheon hosted by the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, a pro-Israel lobby group, Bayh "described his lifelong affection for the state of Israel, beginning with a boyhood vacation there, and deepening with his many official visits as a governor and senator."[46][better source needed]

Iran[edit]

Bayh appeared on CNN's Late Edition in January 2006[47] and referred to the "radical, almost delusional nature of the Iranian regime" and recent comments of Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad that the Holocaust is a "myth. [...] To deny history like this, this virulent anti-Semitism, their sponsoring of terrorism, their search for a nuclear weapon – ought to be a wake-up call to every American. Appeasement won't work. [...] We need to use diplomacy, economic sanctions, other means, so we won't have to resort to military action."[47]

Bayh introduced legislation in January 2006 that would impose sanctions on Iran.[48]

On January 20, 2006, Bayh introduced a resolution calling for economic sanctions on Iran, with the goal of deterring Iran from developing nuclear weapons.[49]

In 2007, Bayh "supported the Kyl-Lieberman amendment that Obama made a key part of his critique of Clinton."[50][51]

Iraq[edit]

Bayh was an early supporter of the idea of removing Saddam Hussein from power for humanitarian reasons.[15] On October 2, 2002, Bayh joined President George W. Bush and congressional leaders in a Rose Garden ceremony announcing their agreement on the joint resolution authorizing the Iraq War, and was thanked by Bush and Senator John McCain for co-sponsoring the resolution.[16] Later, in 2006, Bayh criticized the conduct of the Iraq War:

It is clear to just about everyone but the die-hard neoconservatives within this administration that shifting our focus away from Osama bin Laden to Saddam Hussein was perhaps the biggest strategic blunder in our nation's history. And while we have been preoccupied with Iraq, under this President, North Korea has gone nuclear and Iran is on the verge of doing so.[52]

A blog from The Washington Post reported that in February 2006 Bayh was quoted saying: "We've got to be somewhere between 'cut and run' ... and mindlessly staying the course. You've got to have a sensible middle ground."[53]

Trade[edit]

During his time in the Senate, Bayh has criticized trade policies of some countries, including China. Bayh's bipartisan Stopping Overseas Subsidies (SOS) Act was intended to allow the United States to enforce its antisubsidy laws abroad. He voted against CAFTA.[54]

Bayh placed a hold on the President's nominee to be the U.S. Trade Representative. After receiving several key commitments from nominee (now U.S. Senator) Rob Portman to get tough on China trade, Bayh agreed to release his hold.[55]

Electoral history[edit]

Indiana Secretary of State, 1986
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Evan Bayh 828,494 53.3
Republican Robert Bowen 704,952 45.4
American Linda Paterson 10,224 0.7
Libertarian Karen Benson 10,180 0.7


Democratic Nomination for Governor of Indiana, 1988
Candidate Votes Percentage
Evan Bayh 493,198 83.1%
Stephen Daily 66,242 11.2%
Frank O'Bannon 34,360 5.8%
Governor of Indiana, 1988
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Evan Bayh 1,138,574 53.2
Republican John Mutz 1,002,207 46.8
Governor of Indiana, 1992
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Evan Bayh (incumbent) 1,382,151 62.0
Republican Linley Pearson 822,533 36.9
New Alliance Mary Barton 24,378 1.1
U.S. Senator from Indiana (Class 3), 1998
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Evan Bayh 1,012,244 63.7
Republican Paul Helmke 552,732 34.8
Libertarian Rebecca Sink-Burris 23,641 1.5
U.S. Senator from Indiana (Class 3), 2004
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Evan Bayh 1,488,782 61.6
Republican Marvin Scott 902,108 37.3
Libertarian Albert Barger 27,891 1.2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mulkern, Anne C. (January 31, 2011). "K Street Snares Another Former Senator". The New York Times. 
  2. ^ "Evan Bayh joins Fox News". Politico. Retrieved 2011-03-14. 
  3. ^ http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0611/56418.html
  4. ^ "Berry Plastics Group, Inc. Appoints B. Evan Bayh to Company's Board of Directors". Berry Plastics Corp. Retrieved 2012-07-16. 
  5. ^ Bayh makes Senate bid official
  6. ^ "Evan Bayh Biography". United States Senate. Retrieved 2009-11-10. 
  7. ^ and was for many years a law professor
  8. ^ "Susan Bayh Profile – Forbes.com." Forbes.com. Retrieved August 21, 2008.
  9. ^ a b c "Evan Bayh". Indianapolis Star. February 7, 2001. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "THE 1992 ELECTIONS: STATE BY STATE". Washington Post. November 5, 1992. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  11. ^ http://google.com/search?q=cache:37oMoZyaZaYJ:blogs.wsj.com/washwire/2008/07/23/meet-the-democratic-vp-prospect-evan-bayh/tab/article/+Meet+the+Democratic+VP+Prospect:+Evan+Bayh&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us Meet the Democratic VP Prospect: Evan Bayh(Cached copy)
  12. ^ "1998 Financial Disclosure." Open Secrets, 1999. Retrieved December 12, 2008.
  13. ^ Press release: Moderate Senate Dems Launch New Group to Shape Public Policy
  14. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20080509065653/http://www.thirdway.org/leadership/senate_chairs/evan_bayh Thirdway.org Our Honorary Chairs(cached copy)
  15. ^ a b Bayh, Evan (August 18, 2002). "Making the case to remove Hussein from power; Silence can pose even greater risk" (paid archive). Chicago Tribune. p. 9 (Commentary). Retrieved 2008-07-25.  Firestone, David (October 1, 2002). "Democrats seek compromise with White House on Iraq". The New York Times. p. 19. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  Groppe, Maureen (October 1, 2002). "Iraq puts senators in surprising roles; Bayh backs Bush, while Lugar openly questions strategy" (paid archive). The Indianapolis Star. p. A01. Retrieved 2008-07-25. 
  16. ^ a b Office of the Press Secretary (October 2, 2002). "President, House Leadership Agree on Iraq Resolution". The White House. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  Schneider, Mary Beth (October 3, 2002). "Bayh co-sponsors resolution on Iraq" (paid archive). The Indianapolis Star. p. A01. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  Tackett, Michael (October 3, 2002). "Bush, House OK Iraq deal; Congress marches with Bush" (paid archive). Chicago Tribune. p. 1. Retrieved 2008-07-25. 
  17. ^ Evan Bayh on the Issues
  18. ^ Weigel, David (2010-12-13) Why Glenn Beck is Like Evan Bayh, Slate.com
  19. ^ Bayh Announces He Will Not Seek a Third Senate Term
  20. ^ Cillizza, Chris (February 15, 2010). "Evan Bayh won't seek re-election, Senate majority in play?". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-02-15. 
  21. ^ Martin, Jonathan (February 15, 2010). "Challenger adds to post-Bayh chaos". Politico. 
  22. ^ a b c Smith, Sylvia (December 16, 2007). "Across the boards". Fort Wayne Journal Gazette. Archived from the original on June 25, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 
  23. ^ 6abc.com: Bayh Signals White House Run 12/01/06
  24. ^ [1] Archived December 20, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  25. ^ http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0907/5978.html
  26. ^ Montanaro, Domenico (2008-06-25). "Bayh: 'Yes' to VP". MSNBC. 
  27. ^ "Bayh was about a 'coin toss' away from being veep, book says". IndyStar.com. November 1, 2009. Retrieved October 10, 2014. 
  28. ^ "Evan Bayh will join Joe Donnelly for U.S. Senate campaign trip". courierpress.com. August 20, 2012. Retrieved January 22, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Joe Donnelly and Evan Bayh to visit Fort Wayne on Monday". wane.com. November 5, 2012. Retrieved January 22, 2013. 
  30. ^ "Donnelly defeats Mourdock for Indiana's U.S. Senate Seat". wndu.com. November 6, 2012. Retrieved January 22, 2013. 
  31. ^ Dave Levinthal (May 21, 2014). "Nearly $100 million in campaign cash sits idle". Center for Public Integrity. Retrieved May 22, 2014. 
  32. ^ "Evan Bayh October 2015 Quarterly Report" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. October 15, 2015. 
  33. ^ Tom LoBianco (July 11, 2016). "First on CNN: Evan Bayh mounting Senate return". CNN. 
  34. ^ Phillips, Amber (July 11, 2016). "Thanks to Evan Bayh, Democrats could have another opportunity to try to take back the Senate". Washington Post. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  35. ^ Evan Bayh Congressional Record on Choice
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i Evan Bayh on the Issues
  37. ^ USDA 2002 Farm Bill Information Page
  38. ^ Remarks by Sen. Evan Bayh to the Commonwealth Club of California – April 10, 2001
  39. ^ 21st Century Scholars
  40. ^ Bayh Praises Wisconsin, Iowa for New Legislation Based on 21st Century Scholars
  41. ^ SEPTEMBER 11, 2008 Bayh Energy Announcement
  42. ^ S. 2238: Medicare Prescription Drug Emergency Guarantee Act of 2006
  43. ^ Bayh Proposes Legislation to Ease Rising Cost of Healthcare
  44. ^ http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=111&session=1&vote=00396
  45. ^ https://www.govtrack.us/congress/votes/111-2010/s105
  46. ^ j. – Sen. Evan Bayh stands with Israel at S.F. AIPAC lunch
  47. ^ a b CNN.com – Senators: Military last option on Iran – Jan 16, 2006
  48. ^ Sen. Clinton Urges U.N. Sanctions Against Iran – washingtonpost.com
  49. ^ [2] Archived January 25, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  50. ^ TAPPED Archive | The American Prospect
  51. ^ U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote
  52. ^ Nuclear Gloom and Doom – Early Warning
  53. ^ Chris Cilliza (2008-07-23). "The Fix – The Case Against Evan Bayh". The Washington Post. 
  54. ^ UAW applauds Bayh's call for tariffs on China
  55. ^ Bayh lifts block on trade post

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Edwin Simcox
Secretary of State of Indiana
1987–1989
Succeeded by
Joe Hogsett
Preceded by
Robert Orr
Governor of Indiana
1989–1997
Succeeded by
Frank O'Bannon
Party political offices
Preceded by
Wayne Townsend
Democratic nominee for Governor of Indiana
1988, 1992
Succeeded by
Frank O'Bannon
Preceded by
David Walters
Chair of the Democratic Governors Association
1994
Succeeded by
Mel Carnahan
Preceded by
Barbara Jordan
Keynote Speaker of the Democratic National Convention
1996
Succeeded by
Harold Ford
Preceded by
Joe Hogsett
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Indiana
(Class 3)

1998, 2004
Succeeded by
Brad Ellsworth
Preceded by
Joe Lieberman
Chair of the Democratic Leadership Council
2001–2005
Succeeded by
Tom Vilsack
Preceded by
Baron Hill
Withdrew
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Indiana
(Class 3)

2016
Most recent
United States Senate
Preceded by
Dan Coats
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Indiana
1999–2011
Served alongside: Dick Lugar
Succeeded by
Dan Coats