Evangelical Friends Church International
Evangelical Friends Church International (EFCI) is a branch of Quaker yearly meetings (regional associations) located around the world.
- 1947 - The Association of Evangelical Friends
- 1965 - The Evangelical Friends Alliance
- 1989 - Evangelical Friends, International
- 2004 - Evangelical Friends Church, International (update to name)
The Religious Society of Friends debated a number of issues in the early 19th Century that led the various Friends Meetings to develop separate fellowships.
The first major division dealt with Scriptural authority, among other issues. "Orthodox Quakers" emphasized Biblical sources while "Hicksite" and his followers believed the inward light was more important than scriptural authority.
The Evangelical Friends Church, International grew out of the Orthodox branch that held to the primacy of scriptural authority.
The next major controversy led to separation in the Orthodox branch.
"Gurneyite" Friends, were deeply influenced by the evangelical movement (as were other Protestant denominations of the era), especially the ideas of John Wesley.
John Wilbur led a group known as "Wilburites" or "Conservative Friends", who preferred a quietist approach and disavowed Biblical inerrancy as understood by the evangelical group.
Ohio Yearly Meeting
The Ohio Yearly Meeting was originally based in Mt. Pleasant, OH. Following the separation over evangelical teachings, there were two Ohio Yearly Meetings: "Wilburite" and "Gurneyite".
The "Gurneyite" group relocated to Damascus, OH in 1917, becoming Ohio Yearly Meeting (Damascus). Later, they relocated again, this time to Canton, OH. In 1965 the Ohio Yearly Meeting (Damascus) joined the Evangelical Friends Alliance. In 1971 Ohio Yearly Meeting (Damascus) became Evangelical Friends Church - Eastern Region.
Five Year Meeting
Most of the Gurneyite Friends formed the Five Years Meeting (renamed Friends United Meeting in 1965) as an association of yearly meetings following the adoption of the Richmond Declaration in 1877.
After World War I, the modernist-fundamentalist debate began to divide the Five Years Meeting. In 1926, Oregon Yearly Meeting (now Northwest Yearly Meeting) withdrew from the organization. They were joined in their departure by several other yearly meetings and scattered monthly meetings in the coming years.
Evangelical Friends come together
In 1947, the Association of Evangelical Friends was formed, with triennial meetings which lasted until 1970. In turn, this led to the formation of the Evangelical Friends Alliance (EFA) in 1965. In 1989 the EFA was superseded by the Evangelical Friends International (EFI), covering four geographic regions (Africa, Asia, Latin America, and North America). In 2007, Europe was added as a fifth region. In 2004 the name was changed to the Evangelical Friends Church, International (EFCI) and registered as a not-for-profit [501c3] organization in the state of Oregon.
The Evangelical Friends Church and other Friends
Friends, especially in the United States, are divided today as a result of divisions that took place mostly in the 19th Century. The Evangelical branch is the one that is most similar to other evangelical Christian denominations and differs some from other branches of Quakerism.
Evangelical Friends may refer to a local congregation as a church, while some other Friends call it a monthly meeting.
EFCI holds programmed (i.e. planned) services, while many other Friends hold silent services in which people speak as they feel led by God. Programmed services may incorporate silent worship, but it is only one element in the larger service.
A key doctrinal issue that sets Evangelical Friends apart from other Quakers is their view of salvation. Evangelical Friends believe that all people are in need of salvation, and that salvation comes to a person by putting his faith in Jesus Christ. Other Friends have a wide range of views on salvation, up to and including beliefs such as religious pluralism. Evangelical Friends support their views on the necessity of salvation as being more in line with the meaning of the Bible.
Because of Evangelical Friends' origins within the Gurneyite faction during the 19th century series of schisms that divided the Society, some Evangelical Friends rely relatively less on the authority of the Inner Light and more on their belief in the authority of a literal reading of the Scripture.
Allowance for water baptism and Communion
Similar to other branches of Friends, the Evangelical Friends Church affirms baptism and Communion as spiritual realities. These realities are realized in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit. Unlike most of the other branches of Friends, the Evangelical Friends Church allows for individual freedom of conscience in regards to participating in water baptism or in offering and receiving Communion within their churches.
The Evangelical Friends Church and other Evangelicals
The issue that sets Evangelical Friends apart from other evangelical Christians is that they consider themselves part of the larger Friends movement. They also feel that their particular beliefs are consistent with the beliefs of the earliest Friends, such as George Fox (other Friends assert the same about their own beliefs and practices). Evangelical Friends also generally adhere to most, if not all, of the testimonies (core beliefs and values) of Friends (see "Testimonies" under Religious Society of Friends).
The Evangelical Friends Church, International is divided into several geographical areas called "Regions". Each region has its own director. A region is composed of the various Yearly Meetings and mission fields within its bounds.
Regions and Yearly Meetings
- Evangelical Friends Church / Africa
- Evangelical Friends Church / Asia
- Bundelkhand Yearly Meeting (India)
- Evangelical Friends Church / Europe
- Evangelical Friends Church / Latin America
- Including EFC-Brazil Yearly Meeting
- Evangelical Friends Church / North America
- Alaska Yearly Meeting
- Evangelical Friends Church - Eastern Region (United States)
- Evangelical Friends Church - Mid-America Yearly Meeting (United States)
- Evangelical Friends Church - Southwest (United States)
- Northwest Yearly Meeting (United States)
- Rocky Mountain Yearly Meeting (United States)
Evangelical Friends Missions
Evangelical Friends Mission (EFM) recruits and sends missionaries to various parts of the world. It exists as the international sending agency and global church planting arm of EFCI-NA.
Related ministries and organizations
- Camp Gideon, located near Salineville, Ohio
- Quaker Ridge Camp and Retreat Center located near Woodland Park, Colorado
- Twin Rocks Camp and Retreat Center, located in western Oregon
- Camp Quaker Haven located in Arkansas City, Kansas
Colleges, universities, and seminaries
- Azusa Pacific University
- Barclay College
- George Fox University and Portland Seminary
- Malone University
- Friends University
As of 2022[update] over 2,000 Evangelical Friends churches representing more than 200,000 Friends in 35 countries are associated with EFCI.
Evangelical Friends Church International of North America is part of the National Association of Evangelicals, a large body of Christian denominations and groups in the United States that share evangelical beliefs.
- Friends United Meeting
- Central Yearly Meeting of Friends
- Conservative Friends
- Friends General Conference
- Beanite Quakerism
- ^ Punshon, John (2001-08-01). Reasons for Hope: The Faith and Future of the Friends Church. Friends United Press. ISBN 9780944350560.
- ^ Cooper, Wilmer A. (2000-12-01). A Living Faith: An Historical and Comparative Study of Quaker Beliefs, 2nd Edition (2nd ed.). Richmond, Ind.: Friends United Press. ISBN 9780944350539.
- ^ a b "Africa". Archived from the original on 2016-09-19. Retrieved 2016-06-28.
- ^ "Home". Retrieved 2016-06-27.
- ^ "Evangelical Friends Church – Mid America". www.efcmaym.org. Retrieved 2016-06-27.
- ^ "EFCSW – Just another WordPress site". www.efcsouthwest.org. Retrieved 2016-06-27.
- ^ "Northwest Yearly Meeting of Friends". Archived from the original on 2016-02-05. Retrieved 2016-06-27.
- Christian organizations established in 1989
- Quaker organizations established in the 20th century
- Evangelical denominations established in the 20th century
- International bodies of Protestant denominations
- Members of the National Association of Evangelicals
- Evangelical denominations in North America
- 1989 establishments in the United States